S H E E T
The Language of Anatomy
1. Match each of the following descriptions with a key equivalent, and record the key letter or term in front of the description. Key: a. b. buccal calcaneal 1. 2. 3. c. d. cephalic digital e. f. patellar scapular 4. 5. 6. anterior aspect of knee heel of foot pertaining to the head
cheek pertaining to the fingers shoulder blade region
2. Indicate the following body areas on the accompanying diagram by placing the correct key letter at the end of each line. Key: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. abdominal antecubital axillary brachial cervical crural femoral fibular gluteal inguinal lumbar occipital oral popliteal pubic sural thoracic umbilical
3. Classify each of the terms in the key of question 2 above into one of the large body regions indicated below. Insert the appropriate key letters on the answer blanks. 1. appendicular 2. axial
Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections
4. Describe completely the standard human anatomical position. _________________________________________________
5. Define section. ____________________________________________________________
__________________________ 6. Several incomplete statements are listed below. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. Record the key letters and/or terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Key: a. b. c. anterior distal frontal d. e. f. inferior lateral medial g. h. i. posterior proximal sagittal j. k. superior transverse
In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the _1_ body surface; the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the __2_ body surface; and the top of the head is the most _3_ part of the body. The ears are _4_ and _5_ to the shoulders and _6_ to the nose. The heart is _7_ to the vertebral column (spine) and _8_ to the lungs. The elbow is _9_ to the fingers but _10_ to the shoulder. The abdominopelvic cavity is _11_ to the thoracic cavity and _12_ to the spinal cavity. In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the _13_ surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the _14_ surface. If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a _15_ section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a _16_ section. You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the _17_ and _18_ sections. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a _19_ section. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 7. Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.
Review Sheet 1
8. Name each of the three different planes represented by the drawings of the sectioned kidney.
9. Correctly identify each of the nine areas of the abdominal surface by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indicated in the drawing. a. b. c. d. e. (b) (a) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i)
f. g. h. i.
10. Which body cavity would have to be opened for the following types of surgery or procedures? (Insert letter of key choice in same-numbered blank. More than one choice may apply.) Key: a. b. abdominopelvic cranial 1. 2. 3. c. d. dorsal spinal e. f. thoracic ventral 4. 5. 6. appendectomy stomach ulcer operation delivery of pre-operative “saddle” anesthesia Review Sheet 1 5
surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe removal of the uterus, or womb removal of a brain tumor
11. Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity. ____________________________________________________ 12. Which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities?...