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    State of Nature

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    What is the state of nature? The state of nature is a term in political philosophy that describes a circumstance prior to the state and society’s establishment. Philosophers‚ mainly social contract theory philosophers‚ and political thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes‚ John Locke‚ and Jean Jacques Rousseau discussed and considered the "state of nature" as a starting point to their political and philosophical ideas. John Locke‚ whose work influenced the American Declaration of Independence‚ believes that

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    Humans in the State of Nature There are many theories about how humans used to be‚ before a state or any form of government was involved. Many imagine that we were in a State of Nature‚ which is where no political power exists‚ no laws or government. These theories were brought on to answer the questions‚ “Why do we need a state‚ and what would things be like without a state?” Many philosophers have given their views on what humans would be like in the state of nature. Thomas Hobbes‚ John Locke

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    Hobbesian State of Nature

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    Thomas Hobbes attempted to justify the existence of a state by describing what life would be like without one in his book Leviathan. The central argument in the book describes the conditions that would exist in a state of nature—at a time where there would be no organized government or no laws to influence human behavior. Throughout the book Hobbes attempts to justify his claims about what a state of nature would be like with arguments that are false when examined closely. According to Hobbes‚

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    Hobbes State of Nature

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    CHAPTER THREE- THE ORIGIN OF THE STATE IN THOMAS HOBBES. 3.1 THE ANALYSIS OF HUMAN NATURE Hobbes’ analysis of human nature begins with passion‚ and sees it as the different forms of appetite and aversion. Man is moved to action not by his intellect or reason‚ but by his passions‚ and appetite or desires. PASSION The way one expresses his passion in speech differs from the way he expresses it in thought. According to Hobbes in the Leviathan: Passions may be expressed indicative; as I love

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    contract and state of nature are two concepts that show how the government was created and how they make their rules in order for their people to be safe while still having freedom to do as they desire. A world that has not been introduced to civilization is a world that is in a wild primitive state. This world is a state of equality‚ where all powers of a human being is the same and no one has more than another. Although people get to live entirely free‚ this freedom is not a state of complete

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    Exam #1 1. Locks justification of private property can be summed by stating‚ the earth and all it possess is property to be used by people in common for their own benefit and existence. In Locke’s view‚ every individual must have private property rights In order to possess the property in common. To Locke‚ property also justifies and gives authority in terms of wages‚ land‚ and labor. Also in order to be justified‚ and individual must not possess more property then can be used for his benefit. This

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    development of England and the Americas. The topic and phrase “state of nature” is used and discussed significantly throughout. The similarities are shown extensively‚ but there are many differing views of opinion as well. While they both discuss how the state of nature is dangerous‚ Hobbes is more pessimistic‚ where Locke‚ on the other hand‚ discusses the potential benefits. Furthermore‚ Hobbes speaks about the state of nature as a hypothetical and Locke demonstrates shows us examples of where

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    Reading Question 1: Explain what Hobbes description of the state of nature is supposed to show and why. Hobbes description of the state of nature is supposed to show that society can have a life without government‚ rules‚ or a ruler. That everyone in a society is roughly equal and no matter how strong a person may be‚ they can be killed by another person or a group of people (Rader‚ n.d.). During his time‚ kings and other ruling classes were above the rest of society. This got Hobbes thinking of

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    Thomas Hobbes’ “State of Nature” argument: Morality as a prerequisite for peaceful social co-existence I have chosen to write about what Thomas Hobbes’ calls “The State of Nature” and how morality is needed in order to maintain peace among different societies. I will begin by briefly describing “The State of Nature” argument and illuminate some of the basic features within this theoretical situation. Then‚ through the use of excerpts from Hobbes’ book The Leviathan I will give specific facts

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    Both Rousseau and Hobbes talked about state of nature but their understanding of state of nature and the first living of humanity is quite different from each other. Their views are similar in some points but mostly they contrast with each other. These differences in their thoughts are mainly because of their understanding of human nature and also their view of man. For Hobbes‚ state of nature is a state of war and because of this‚ every individual are against each other and because of their basic

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    differences in their ideologies are prominent‚ however‚ they are still similar in some ways. In the State of Nature according to Rousseau‚ “man’s natural sentiment was that of his existence‚ his first care that of his preservation” (Discourse‚ Part II). This man is known as the “nascent man” and is often contrasted with the “savage man”‚ who exists in civilized society. In this State of Nature‚ man’s primary concern is to look after himself‚ similar to Hobbes’ and Locke’s‚ However‚ this is essentially

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    The state of nature according to Locke is “a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit... without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man.” For Locke‚ the state of nature is where humans exist without an established government or social contract. In a since the state of nature is a state of anarchy‚ of no order. What John Locke believed about the state of nature was that if men could act in a positive way‚ they

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    Rousseau are all great examples who exemplify the importance of using rules. All of three of them use the State of Nature to show the true state of humankind. Almost every action that people make would lead to utter chaos‚ misleading people to the wrong definition to happiness. ​According to Thomas Hobbes‚ the natural state of mankind is utterly brutal. Hobbes indicates that the natural state of man can lead to an outbreak of war. In order to refrain from war‚ Hobbes suggests creating a civil society

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    Do you agree with the Hobbesian position that "the state of nature is a state of war of all against all"? The argument presented by Thomas Hobbes in chapter 13 of Leviathan‚ is that the state of nature is a state of war of all against all. Such a view had previously been discussed- earlier versions of the argument appear in other significant works- however it is Hobbes account of a state in “continuall feare of danger and violent death”1 upon which I will focus on and critique in this essay. There

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    accounts of the state of nature. Joana Dourado-000048269 PLT 4100A: Major Political Thinkers Dr. Paul Rekret February 26‚ 2015 [WORD COUNT: 1‚074] The state of nature as one would say is a concept in social contract theories to represent the supposed condition in which the live of man may have possibly been like before the existence of societies. Two 17th century political philosopher‚ which have both given their views and ideas of what a state of nature is and what comes

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    What does it mean to be in state of nature? The idea state of nature has no definite meaning because it is perceived differently by different philosophers. Hobbes‚ Locke‚ and Rousseau each discussed state of nature and why political societies had to established. To understand the views of each philosopher about the state of nature we first have to understand what they think about human beings in a natural state. Hobbes believes humans to be fearful of death‚ wretched and in constant war with one

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    Contract The transition from State of Nature to civil society The study of the relationship between states and citizens is one of the fundamental concerns of political science. States want a maximum of authority and citizens want a maximum of liberty. But let me ask you a question: Would you likely to submit yourself easily to any kind of authority? Most people would say no. Abusing of authority can make you hateful. Thereby‚ some sort of compromise has to be made between a state and its citizens. A reasonable

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    the State of Nature The concept of state of nature was developed by Hobbes in his famous work‚ Leviathan‚ in which he also set out his doctrine of the foundation of states and legitimate governments which was based on his social contract theories. Leviathan was written during the English Civil War‚ so much of his theory concentrates on the need for the presence of a strong central authority within society in order to avoid the evils of rebellion and civil war. Hobbes developed his state of nature

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    Locke and Hobbes both had detailed accounts as to what the state of nature is. I will start with Hobbes and what he felt the state of nature is made up of. Hobbes believed in defining the state of nature as what it is instead of what it ought to be. So he focused in on the nature of people and came to a very descriptive conclusion as to how survive in this particular state of nature. He stated that man was equal in ambition‚ cruelty‚ and treachery‚ which in turn makes humans equal in the ability

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    and Hume; it is a theory suggesting that without state there is the state of nature‚ which is essentially the state of anarchy and consent is made by individuals to create a state as a ‘necessary evil’ as Tomas Paine describes the state. There are two points of disagreement in relation to the state. One is the nature of the state- whether it should be coercive or not‚ whether it is necessary; the other is the state’s purpose - whether the state should just provide negative freedoms‚ or whether

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