"Sophocles" Essays and Research Papers


Sophocles: Family vs. Law Family, an important theme of life, gets expressed throughout many ways in society. Family may take precedence over many things, including authority and the law. Within the tragic play, Antigone, the author Sophocles presents situations where the characters have to choose between their family and the law. The characters must choose what is more important to them, their family or obeying the laws of Thebes. Throughout the play, Sophocles presents a strong theme of...

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Sophocles' Antigone: Character Depiction

In Antigone, Sophocles positions the readers to condemn Creon as a misogynist. In Antigone, Creon is the newly appointed ruler of Thebes, and after banishing all burial rights to Antigone’s brother, Polynices, Antigone refuses to obey this order and buries him anyway. Creon is pitted against Antigone who holds up the will of the gods and the honor of her family above all else, and thus he appears to be against these values. His behavior, however, suggests otherwise. He aggressively preaches the...

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The Sophocles Play Antigone:

The Sophocles Play Antigone: All the way through this play Antigone is solely being devoted to her family. Antigone is eager to go above and beyond her limits for her family. Antigone is a vital character in this play. Antigone is a very brave, passionate, and willing character that is not enthusiastic about her brother being defiled even if it means her own life. Creon is a character that he knows all commandments and is influenced that he must abide it. Creon then has compassion for Antigone...

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Oedipus Rex, Sophocles

Oedipus the ideal Tragic Hero Kelli Richards Liberty University Abstract In the play Oedipus Rex, Sophocles portrays Oedipus who is also the main character, as a good- natured, beautiful, noble yet narcissistic person who has a lapse of judgment and fall from power. Throughout the play Oedipus makes a few profound decisions for which he is condemned to plentiful suffering;...

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Creon Foil in Sophocles Plays

Devereaux Bailey Dr. Nokes Comp 2 April 8, 2011 Creon's Foil in Sophocles' Plays Contrary to the traditional definition of a foil, Creon is a foil to himself in Oedipus the King and Antigone, demonstrating the corrupting influence of power. Showing one man's life perfect, serving his King till blasphemy reasoning and being blood thirsty for power overtakes his actions until it is to late. In the two plays written by Sophocles (Oedipus the King and Antigone),Creon displays hypocritical mannerisms...

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An Analysis of Oedipus the King by Sophocles

hero. 4. Sophocles uses dramatic irony throughout the tragedy. Sophocles uses tragedy when Tiresias is the one who can see the truth, but he is blind. Oedipus can’t see the truth, but he can see. This is ironic. “So, you mock my blindness? Let me tell you this. You with your precious eyes, you’re blind to the corruption of your life, to the house you live in.” (Page 923 Lines 467-471) Tiresias tells Oedipus that he cannot see the truth with his own eyes. Another way Sophocles uses irony is when...

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The Many Faces of Electra: Aeschylus and Sophocles

 Spenser Pulleyking 1436071 University of Tulsa HON-1003-02 The Many Faces of Electra: Aeschylus and Sophocles 1385 Words Dr. Avi Mintz While Helen of Troy might have had a face that launched a thousand ships, Electra of Argos had a face that launched a thousand stories. Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, three famous ancient Greek playwrights from the 4th and 5th Century BCE, all produced their own versions of Electra’s story that survive to this day...

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Passage Analyis of Antigone by Sophocles

particularly with animals. A metaphor is something used or regarded as being used, to represent something else (“Metaphor”). An example of this is when Creon compares Antigone to a “spirited, proud and rebellious horse that can and will be broken. Sophocles compares women to wild horses to express that women need to be trained and controlled by shattering their independence all together. This comparison emphasizes Creon’s fear of losing authority over women and exposes more of his attitude towards not...

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An Analysis of the Play Oedipus The King by Sophocles

brother-in-law as the new king. "Ever since Aristotle's high praise regarding its structure and characterization in his Poetics, Oedipus Rex has been considered one of the most outstanding examples of tragic drama" (Drama, 210). In Oedipus The King, Sophocles creates one of the most intricate characters of Greek drama. A tragic hero, Oedipus's desire for self-discovery and understanding inevitably leads to his tragic downfall. However, self-discovery is not the only characteristic of Oedipus, which contributes...

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Antigone vs Ismene by Sophocles

Ismene seems to be a more dependent 1950's style woman. Antigone acts as a free spirit, a defiant individual, while Ismene is content to recognize her own limitations and her inferiority of being a woman. In the Greek tragedy "Antigone", by Sophocles; Antigone learns that King Creon has refused to give a proper burial for the slain Polyneices, brother of Ismene and Antigone. Infuriated by this injustice, Antigone shares the tragic news with Ismene. From her first response, "No, I have heard...

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Physis vs. Nomos in Sophocles' Antigone

through scenarios of interaction between man and the supernatural. The juxtaposition and/or separation of physis and nomos in this way is found in many myths, an overt strategy that is used to convey Greek ideas of inherent moral responsibility. Sophocles addresses the question of physis versus nomos – in essence, right versus wrong – in his rebellion-inspiring tragedy Antigone. Among others, his main characters, Antigone and Creon, are representative of the two ideologies in contrast. In regards...

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Oedipus the King by Sophocles

Karina Lazcano Oedipus the King by Sophocles English Literature Anderson Many will argue that fate cannot be escaped in Oedipus the King by Sophocles, where the main character is portrayed as a tragic hero with a predetermined fate. Both the concept of fate and freewill played an innate part in Oedipus' downfall. The play suggests that fate dominates over free will. Oedipus never had control of his fate; the day his mother gave birth to him, his parents attempted to kill him in order to prevent...

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Oedipus the King Sophocles

THE GREEK THEATRE 2) Is Oedipus a Tragic Hero? Answer this question demonstrating specific understandings of the concepts of Tragedy and the Tragic Hero. In the Greek play, "King Oedipus" written by Sophocles, certain characteristics, which determine the traits of a tragic hero, reveal themselves as the play unfolds. These traits enable readers to enjoy a more enhanced reading of the play and also serve to evoke a particular response from the reader. Readers acknowledge...

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Tragedy Essay (Euripides & Sophocles): Women

To what extent do Euripides and Sophocles portray women as the cause of tragedy in Medea, Hippolytus, Oedipus The King and Antigone? Women in the plays of both Euripides and Sophocles is a subject of much debate, indeed it seems as though people’s view on these female characters may well have changed over time for nearly two and a half thousand years have passed since the plays themselves were written. And no doubt people’s views, particularly with regards to women, have changed. One could say...

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The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles: Oedipus The King

The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles: Oedipus The King Oedipus the king a son of prophecies, a gift or a curse? Oedipus the king of Thebes, son of the late King Laius and Queen Jocasta; at birth a prophecy was placed upon him that he would kill his father, marry his mother, and bare children with her. The king and queen came to the conclusion that their one and only son must be killed in efforts to save the kingdom. They couldn’t find the strength to do it themselves so they give him to a servant...

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Sophocles' Oedipus Rex as Modern Tragedy

Oedipus Rex and Tragedy Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex is, in short, the story of a man who unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother. It certainly sounds like a tragedy, doesn’t it? But the classification and definition of ‘tragedy’ are one of the many things widely disputed in the realm of literary studies. So, for the purposes here we’ll use Aristotle’s five criteria of a tragedy: a tragic hero of noble birth, a tragic flaw or mistake, a fall from grace, a moment of remorse, and catharsis...

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The Significance of Going Blind in Sophocles, King Oedipus

Diana Soproni Humanities 123 Prof: Adrian Guiu Date: 2.9.12 The Significance of Going Blind in Sophocles, King Oedipus One of the most important theme in Oedipus Rex, remains the theme of blinding himself, Oedipus, central character of the play, ruler of Thebes, conqueror of the Sphinx, a great leader and role model a character dominated by valor and strong will. His destiny is sad; gods will help him to rise up to be a good king and to be loved by the people, and in the end help him to...

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Comparison between Sophocles' tragedys Antigone and Oedipus the King.

Antigone and Oedipus The King, written by Sophocles, are deeply tragic plays with a dramatic ending. In both plays, fate arises the question: could have Creon, Oedipus, Antigone, and the rest of the family, prevented the misfortunes, which fell upon them? Or were their lives cursed upon by determination? With every event that took place, the possibility of another occurrence was either higher or lower. One can see that every action brings upon an ironic outcome. Also, the deadly flaw of hubris can...

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Explore the Theme of Kingship and Ruling in Sophocles’ Antigone.

In Sophocles’ Antigone, the audience experiences a catharsis wherein sympathy and fear is evoked for Creon, a tragic hero whose Kingship was spoilt by corruption, human fallibility and pride. Throughout the play, Creon has demonstrated how even rulers with a strong moral stance can still fail in their attempts to do good, unfortunately due to exceeding the limits of their humanity. To begin, the tragedy that befalls Creon as a man devoted to his country and to his religion seems to feel undeserved...

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Analysis of Euripides' Medea and Sophocles' Oedipus Rex

Analysis of Euripides' Medea and Sophocles' Oedipus Rex Greek tragedies are some of the most compelling and interesting works of literature. The plot usually follows a common patten in which a heroic lead meets an unhappy or catastrophic end. This end is usually brought about by some fatal flaw of character, circumstances beyond his or her control, or by sheer destiny. In Medea, a tragedy written by Euripides, the focus is on conflict in human spirit between Medea’s love for her children and...

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1. Where and when did Sophocles live? Athens, 5th century BC 2. The philosopher Aristotle wrote an influential text on drama called... The Poetics 3. What did Greek actors wear? Masks 4. Greek plays feature a group of performers who sing, dance, provide exposition and interact with the other characters. This group is called... The Chorus 5. Who was Antigone's father? Oedipus 6. Antigone's two brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, did what? Fought on opposite sides in a war for power in Thebes ...

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Two Tragic Heroes? Compare and Contrast How Sophocles Presents the Characters of Creon and Antigone.

devices, diction, contrast, and imagery Sophocles accentuates the similarities in character yet a clash in values Antigone and Creon, thus potentially creating two tragic heroes. In order to assess whether or not both are tragic characters, initially it's imperative to analyze their conflictive values. Creons character attaches importance to the state and his own law rather than anything else, whereas Antigones appears to put family first and foremost. Sophocles' use of soliloquy accentuates this: ...

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What is the role of women in Classical Ancient Greece, and how are they represented in the play 'Antigone' by Sophocles?"

Women in Classical Ancient Greece (5th Century BC) held an inferior social position to men. Although they were prominent in the Greek Mythology (Goddess of Wisdom Athena, Goddess of the Hunt Artemis) and writing such as Sophocles' Antigone (441 BC), the average woman stayed at home, spinning and weaving and doing household chores. They never acted as hostesses when their husbands had parties and were seen in public only at the theater (tragic but not comic) and certain religious festivals. Women...

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This essay outlines the similarities in theme, symbolism and writing structure between William Shakespear's "Hamlet" and Sophocles "Oedipus King".

person can find many similarities between them. The underlying themes of Shakespeare's Hamlet and Sophocles Oedipus King excite the reader yet leave us with the desire of wanting more. There are significant similarities between Oedipus King and Hamlet, especially when it relates to the theme of the tormented king, incest, and Shakespeare's and Sophocles metaphorical references to vision and hearing. Sophocles Oedipus King and Shakespeare's Hamlet both contain the basic elements of tragedy, although the...

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Using Irony in a Play. An essay about Sophocles' Antigone and the usage of irony throughout the play,

In the play Antigone, Sophocles uses many important literary elements, but of the most important is irony. Three types of irony he uses are dramatic, attitudinal, and verbal irony. Sophocles' use of irony in Antigone has a great impact on the play. If Sophocles did not use irony in his play, the events in the scenes would have been very different from what they are now. Irony is also used to add suspense, making the reader wonder what was going to happen next? Sophocles successfully accomplished...

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How Do Creon from "Antigone" by Sophocles and Bernarda from "House of Bernarda Alba" by Frederico Lorca Respond to Challenges to Their Power?

challenged almost from the moment he has finished declaring his absolute rule over Thebes. He is told by a sentry that his first decree, the banning of Polynieces' burial has been carried out in secret. Despite this blunt challenge to Creon's authority, Sophocles shows him to still be in a position of power; this is achieved through the sentry's fear of Creon's wrath. "If somebody gets the news to Creon first, what's to save your neck?" Creon is shocked by the fact someone would go against his wishes, "What...

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Creon Tragic Hero Essay about "Antigone," by Sophocles. Discusses why Creon IS a tragic hero in the book "Antigone".

Hero Essay Most Greek tragedies were based on myths and consisted of a series of dramatic episodes mixed with a chorus who commented on the dramatic action or analyzed the pattern of events. The role of a tragic hero was vital to the tragic plays. Sophocles argues that a tragic hero is a character who possesses six specific traits. A tragic hero must be of noble stature, can not be perfect, their downfall most be their fault, their misfortune is not wholly deserved, the fall is not a total loss, and...

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Antigone Analysis

Reflective Statement 18 March 2014 Word count: 341 Reflective Statement: Sophocles’, Antigone Reflective Statement Question: How was your understanding of cultural and contextual considerations of the work developed through the Interactive Oral? The Interactive oral on Sophocles, Antigone helped me gain a deeper understanding on women’s role in Ancient Greece society during the fourth and fifth centuries. Understanding the historical context of the play I was able to develop a deeper insight...

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Antigone: Free Will and Destiny

exposing his wrongdoings. By performing the second burial Antigone’s honor was ruined and she was looked down upon for her actions (Sophocles, 71). Antigone, if she had only performed the first burial, would have been honored and not further punished by Creon for disobeying his laws. Later on Antigone also disrespects her family by showing disrespect to Ismene (Sophocles, 87). Further more, her destiny was changed when Antigone is hubristic to Creon. By personally attacking him instead of talking about...

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Oedipus and Creon: Leaders of Thebes

In the plays Oedipus the King and Antigone Sophocles portrays two characters, Oedipus and Creon, as rulers of Thebes. After the murder of Laius, former King of Thebes, Oedipus became leader when he successfully solved the riddle of the Sphinx. Some time later, Creon became King of Thebes as the result of his nephews deaths. "Oedipus is a good ruler in spite of his defects. Creon is a bad ruler in spite of his virtues." This essay will discuss Oedipus and Creon as rulers of Thebes. In the eyes of...

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Antigone– The Characterization Sophocles’ tragic drama, Antigone, presents to the reader a full range of characters: static and dynamic, flat and round; they are portrayed mostly through the showing technique. In “Sophocles’ Praise of Man and the Conflicts of the Antigone,” Charles Paul Segal takes the stand that there are two protagonists in the drama (which conflicts with this reader’s interpretation): This is not to say that there are not conceptual issues...

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Oedipus Rex

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex Sophocles in Oedipus Rex introduces the horrors of veracity through the journey the tragic hero Oedipus takes on. This tragedy encompasses all the concepts of Aristotle’s Poetics in regards to a complex plot. According to Aristotle, a tragedy is an event that has to arouse pity and fear to the readers; Oedipus contains all the features of this demand. In terms of Oedipus’ tragedy, he’s seen as the cursed one who consequently has to suffer the tragic repercussions of fate...

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Acting on Emotion

Acting on Emotions Sophocles designs his plays to instruct his audience members to behave morally correct. People’s actions are ruled by their emotions (jealousy, suspicion, anger, pride, and love) and it leads to negative effects for them. But when acting in a sage demeanor, it gives evidence to a person’s character. Sophocles writes his characters to be ruled by their emotions and to teach people to behave in a prudent demeanor. Sophocles designs his plays to have the people of authority act...

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Free Will in Oedipus Rex and the Odyssey

Roberta McMorran 301188967 October 16, 2012 HUM 102W, Dr. Brook Pearson Homer and Sophocles: The Question of Human Free Will Greek authors, when one considers the time period in which they lived, are relatively simple to distinguish from one another, particularly in how they treat Greek myth in relation to the message they aim to convey to their audience. Homer and Sophocles use myth to reflect their different perspectives on human nature, which coincides with their audience’s previously...

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Medea, Oedipus, and the Gods

gods for a cruel end. Oedipus tries and fails to tempt fate and ovoid his destiny due to the active role the gods play in his life, whereas Medea refuses to accept her fate and creates her own destiny with the blessing of less interactive gods. Sophocles’ tragedy “Oedipus the King” begins with Oedipus attempting the save his city’s citizens from the struggles they currently are enduring. He soon learns that to appease the gods he must prosecute the man who murdered the king. Oedipus begins his pursuit...

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Character Is Destiny

and determines his future character and his judgment, and thus that there cannot be any sort of impetus to change because one's fate is already decided.” (Peterson). The theme of “Character is Destiny” can be readily observed throughout Sophocles’ Oedipus the King. The play deals with the role of human beings in shaping their own life. Man appears to be helpless in facing the circumstances that will determine his destiny. The myth of Oedipus is about escaping the fate one has been given by...

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ignorant he is to the truth. Though Oedipus’ only goal was to seek who is responsible for the plague upon the kingdom of Thebes, the theme of dramatic irony comes into play where he finds out that he is the one responsible. Through Oedipus’ actions Sophocles is portraying to his audience that bad things happen to good people. Though Oedipus was trying to help others, he did not think before he had acted. He took responsibility for his own actions and accepted the consequences that lie before him. Oedipus...

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Oedipus’ success to his distressed downfall. Centuries ago during Sophocles existence the ancient Greeks believed that one’s fate was predetermined by the Gods and unable to change. In modern times the definition of fate has evolved; fate is merely a belief that we are what we shape ourselves to be. Oedipus fate was unable to be ignored due to his blindness throughout the play. Blindness also plays an important role in Oedipus Rex. Sophocles uses blindness metaphorically as well as literally and gives...

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Antigone In Sophocles’ Antigone, the main conflict is civic authority versus natural law. Creon, the king of Thebes, is faced with the decision of standing by the laws he has enforced or to make the people of Thebes happy. Antigone, the protagonist of the play, countered Creon by breaking his law to not provide a burial for her brother, Polynices. The fundamental struggle between the protagonist and antagonist is developed according to a set pattern that theater audiences have come to recognize...

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Creon the Tragic Hero

Sophocles Tragic Hero: Creon The play Antigone written by Sophocles (496 B.C -406 B.C.) was first performed around 441 B.C. Sophocles though it was important for this play to be performed during the time as he was witnessing society move away from the gods and toward a anthropocentric view, thinking that man and his abilities were more important. This all took place during what was called the Golden Age (480-430B.C.) in Greece during which Pericles ruled (461-439B.C.). The Olympics first took place...

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English drama

The Tragedy of Oedipus: When the Connections Are Made The Revelation is the Tragedy Oedipus the King, a Greek play written by Sophocles, tells the tragic life story of King Oedipus. What make the play tragic is not the literal series of events that occurred, but the story and the narration behind the events. Several elements contribute to the difference between Oedipus's own autobiographical accounts and what others know of him. It is only when that gap is closed that the reality of the situation...

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A Women's Place

prevalent. This belief influenced much of society back then and created a male dominated country. Women were thought of as baby makers. They were there to make and raise families. This quality of society is prominent in The Theban Plays, written by Sophocles. This book consists of three plays, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone. Each of these plays relate to one another based on both the time period it is set in and the characters that appear in them. The role of women in these plays...

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Womens Role in Macbeth and Antigone

way they think, move or change the story. Women have always been subordinate to men all through history, but in plays, novels, short stories, etc, they have been given large enforcing roles, showing the power within women. William Shakespeare and Sophocles use guilt, pride, and influence to demonstrate the importance of the women’s role to support the main characters in both the plays of Macbeth and Antigone. In Macbeth and Antigone the authors created guilt for the women to use against the main characters...

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Antigone Compare & Contrast Essay

Antigone, a tragic heroine in the self titled Sophocles play, fights against male power demonstrating courage and determination. Although Jean Anouilh and Sophocles both create the character Antigone to be a spoiled, scrawny princess, they create different personas out of her. In Anouilh’s version of Antigone is honest, soft spoken and an unhappy person, in Sophocles version Antigone is a strong willed, brave and powerful individual who is not afraid to stand up for what she believes in. Both tragedies...

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Oedipus and Antigone

Eyes of Justice Greek theater encompassed many aspects that reflected the moral values and ideals of society. Their customs were tightly woven into the scripts of plays. Antigone and Oedipus the King, two renowned works of the Greek playwright Sophocles, explore these values through a plot thick with corruption, virtue, and determination. These plays reveal the burdens two Theban kings, Oedipus and Creon, as their lies and poor judgment corrode the integrity of their city, their families and themselves...

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Greek Mythology and Columbus State

R.M. Frazer (trans.) University of Oklahoma Press. The Odyssey of Homer. Lattimore, Richmond (trans.) Harper Perennial Press. Euripides I : Alcestis, Medea, Heracleidae, Hippolytus. Greene, David and Lattimore (trans.) University of Chicago. Sophocles I: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone. Greene, David and Lattimore (trans.) University of Chicago. Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Humphries, Rolfe (trans.) Indiana University Press Instructional Methods: This class is an online class (although...

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The Real Protagonist in Antigone

Real Protagonist of Antigone “My belt holds my pants up, but the belt loops hold the belt up. So which one’s the real hero?” --- Mitch Hedberg The quote by Mitch Hedberg encompasses the great story of Antigone written by the Greek tragedy writer, Sophocles. Greek tradition defines the dramatic protagonist as one who plays the leading character, hero, or heroine. Stemming from this basic definition, classical Greek literature went on to add that the protagonist is the main character whom realizes...

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Oedipus the King Term Paper

with Aristotle's view of tragedy, Oedipus the King meets the strict and detailed standard of Aristotle's idea. The handling of the elements of plot is masterly, and even a modern audience has little difficulty in seeing this. In Oedipus the King, Sophocles presents us with a world in which fate is inevitable, pride can be dangerous or effective, good intentions are irrelevant, and sight and blindness may serve a similar purpose. Aristotle points out that a tragedy must contain a protagonist that falls...

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Oedipus Rex Vs. Antigone

figurative language, literary devices, and elements in his/her work. It is even more apparent between works that are connected by character, time, and theme. Sophocles did this when he wrote "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone". When comparing the two pieces, it becomes evident that very similar vessels connected these very different plays. Sophocles uses a specific type of figurative language in both pieces known as hamartia. Hamartia is a characters flaw. The flaw often leads to a major downfall by its...

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Comparing Antony & Cleopatra to Antigone

form of dramatic expression based on human suffering, which causes an audience to have catharsis or to feel strong emotional relief. The Greeks and the Elizabethans are notorious for writing many tragedies. Two prime examples from these eras are Sophocles’ Antigone and William Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra. Antigone is the tragedy of a brave sister who tries to honor her brother, while Antony and Cleopatra is a tragedy based on love and being loyal to others. In both plays there is tension between...

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Oedipus Rex Literary Synthesis

Michael Patrick Mrs. McGill AP Literature and Composition / Period 7 24 October 2012 The Tragic Destiny of Oedipus Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex is one of the most well- known tragic plays in existence. Oedipus, the King of Thebes, is the victim of a curse in which he must suffer the tragedy of his own unchangeable fate. The tragic heroism of Oedipus befalls him because of his heroic qualities and his loyalty to his Thebans and to himself. His unchangeable destiny affects so many others throughout...

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Antigone's Relations

Antigone's Relations In the two Antigone plays that we read, Anouilh's 1940's modern version and Sophocles' version, there are many contrasts. Everything from the setting to the message is different, however the relationship between characters is the most striking difference; relationships with Antigone in particular. In Sophocles' version, the character relations are rather underdeveloped, which is an extreme contrast from the relationships shown in Anouilh's version of Antigone. The relationships...

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Antigone: When Pride Leads to Ruins

Greeks believed that women were nothing but objects, and they were only to be seen and not to be heard. Antigone reveals that is not always the case and that women have a right to say and stand up for what they believe in. Antigone was written by Sophocles, who demonstrates different views of political and religious principles of Antigone and Creon, along with conflict of blood relationships and honor in the fight for what is right. Antigone reveals bravery in a political, social and religious sense...

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Oedipus as a Tragic Hero

In the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, the Greek audience experiences Oedipus’ heartbreaking journey to find out who he really is and how his hubris and many other fatal flaws contribute to his downfall. The Greeks loved a good tragedy and Oedipus Rex did not disappoint. In this play Oedipus was put on a mountaintop as a baby because his birth parents, King Laïos and Queen Iocastê, were told that one day Oedipus would kill his father and marry his mother. To prevent this from happening King Laïos...

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Oedipus, sisters of the two bothers whom murdered each other fighting over their city, Eteocles and Polyneices. Likewise, Creon and Haimon are also of noble birth. After Eteocles and Polyneices die in battle, Creon comes to rule “as next in blood” (Sophocles, 192). By examining this one point of Aristotle’s tragic hero, one could be confused on which one of these it could be. Examining Aristotle’s farther points on a tragic hero is necessary. Aristotle’s second point of a tragic hero is that “despite...

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Dramatic Irony in Oedipus Rex

Sophocles often wrote about ancient myths that were common knowledge to the people who viewed his plays. “Oedipus The King” was written knowing that the audience is aware of the outcome of the play, and therefore utilizes that foreknowledge to create various situations in which irony plays a key role. More specifically, this dramatic irony is used to highlight the characters’ different flaws. Even though Oedipus was not a bad person, his lack of humility blurs his ability to see the truth of the...

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Antigone Essay In society, being self-centered about ideas frequently affects peoples’ judgement. Sophocles raises this issue in his play Antigone. He believes that listening to the wise benefits your judgement, but the result of refusing to listen leads to tragic outcomes. Sophocles uses Ate to develop the characters’ inability to take in others’ perspective. Sophocles first addresses the tragic results of not listening through Antigone’s refusal to take advice. In Sophocles’s...

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Historical Analysis of Antigone

Crystal Green Dram 105 Dr. Rodda October 7, 2010 Sophocles’ Antigone Sophocles’ Antigone brings to life the underlying culture flaws in the Greek city-states by showing how the idea of filial piety and divine law undermine each other and were used as a means to justify the ends. Athenian citizens enjoyed a wide range of powers of self-governance: citizens elected military leaders and held judicial authority. Every male citizen enjoyed these rights. Women were not considered citizens; they were...

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Comparison/Contrast "Oedipus-Rex" and the "Metamorphosis": A comparison between Kafka's and Sophocle's use of dramatic irony and tragedy.

naive hero whose understanding of his surroundings is opposed to what is truly happening to him or her. What makes this ironic is that the author is creating a deluded main character in order to make the audience more aware of his reality. In both Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis this method is used in order to create an ironic world for their hero, where neither Oedipus nor Gregor are fully informed of their tragic standing in their world. The use of dramatic irony in both of...

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Jocasta as a Tragic Hero

Oedipus in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, she posses all three. Yet she is not truly considered a “tragic hero,” but a tragic character by many. However seeing as it is the character of Jocasta that sets the story in motion, and she posses the qualities in a tragic hero, she rightfully should be thought of as one. In the following paper Aristotle’s criteria in regards to Jocasta’s qualification as a tragic hero will be explored. The Play Oedipus the King is a Greek tragedy by Sophocles about Oedipus...

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