"Poetics" Essays and Research Papers


Poetics by Aristotle Aristotle's Poetics is the earliest-surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory 6 Constituent Parts * plot (mythos) Refers to the "structure of incidents" (actions). Key elements of the plot are reversals, recognitions, and suffering. The best plot should be "complex" (i.e. involve a change of fortune). It should imitate actions arousing fear and pity. Thus it should proceed from good fortune to bad...

Premium Literature, Tragedy, Narratology 741  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle's Poetics

Aristotle's Poetics is not one of his major works, although it has exercised a great deal of influence upon subsequent literary studies and criticism. In this work Aristotle outlines and discusses many basic elements that an author should adhere to in order to write a great tragedies and/or poetry. Two important topics that Aristotle addresses and believes to be crucial to the art work is the mimesis, or imitation of life, and that the audience has an emotional response from the work of art, or...

Premium Aristotle, William Shakespeare, Drama 683  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle's Theory of Poetics

Aristotle’s Theory of Poetics Research Assignment Aristotle bases his theory of poetics on greek tragedy. He defines tragedy as "the imitation of an action that is serious and also as having magnitude, complete in itself." (Melani, 2009) He views that, "Tragedy is a form of drama exciting the emotions of pity and fear. Its action should be single and complete, presenting a reversal of fortune, involving persons renowned and of superior attainments,and it should be written in poetry embellished...

Premium Anagnorisis, Aristotle, Catharsis 778  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

An Analysis of Aristotle's Poetics

An Analysis of Aristotle’s Poetics A square may be a rectangle, but a rectangle may never be a square. This idea is not complex, however when it is applies in Aristotle’s Poetics to the Greek Epics and Tragedies, it is suddenly not only applicable in an arithmetic context, but it gives a relevant and true breakdown of the commonalities and different components within these genres of literature. Within these poetics, Aristotle explicates the difference between an Epic and a Tragedy and defines...

Premium Character, Epic poetry, Greek loanwords 1786  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle's Poetics and Macbeth

which results in a state of emotional fulfillment. Macbeth is considered as a Shakespearian tragedy recounting the events of a Scottish general who murders his King and gains the throne to eventually be assassinated by the King’s son. Aristotle’s Poetics focuses on diction an important aspect of a tragedy. He posits that the language must be formal to convey the seriousness of the events as the play must not be “ludicrous or morally trivial. It is concerned with a serious end namely pity and fear-...

Premium Catharsis, Drama, Emotion 2295  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

The Glass Menagerie and Aristotle's Poetics

“The Relationship of Aristotle's Poetics to Modern Dramatic Tragedy as Exhibited in Tennessee William's The Glass Menagerie” Aristotle's poetics were created by Aristotle himself and they were a literary work of his dramatic theory. “The Glass Menagerie” is a play written by, Tennessee Williams, that exemplifies Aristotle's opinion of poetry being an imitation of life or a mythos. It is also a tragedy because it follows Aristotle's poetic guidelines. Aristotle said in order...

Premium Anagnorisis, Catharsis, Character 1113  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document


ticsTHE POETICS OF ARISTOTLE A TRANSLATION BY S. H. BUTCHER A Penn State Electronic Classics Series Publication THE POETICS OF ARISTOTLE trans. S. H. Butcher is a publication of the Pennsylvania State Univer- sity. This Portable Document file is furnished free and without any charge of any kind. Any person using this document file, for any purpose, and in any way does so at his or her own risk. Neither the Pennsylvania State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone associated...

Free Aristotle, Character, Drama 15621  Words | 37  Pages

Open Document

Oedipus Rex and Aristotle

The Six Elements of a Tragedy in “Oedipus Rex” Aristotle’s “The Poetics” describes the process of a tragedy. It is not the guide per se of writing a tragedy but is the idea’s Aristotle collected while studying tragedies. A tragedy, according to Aristotle, consists of six major points. The first and most important is the plot, which is what all the other points are based on. Such points are: character, language, thought, melody, and spectacle (Aristotle). A prime example of the usage of these...

Premium Catharsis, Character, Drama 889  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Macbeth as a Tragic Hero

tragic hero was first introduced by the ancient Greeks. The earliest known example of this was from Aristotle's 'Poetics'. There are many essential points that are needed to be fulfilled to allow a character to be a true tragic hero. Shakespeare’s perception, and our modern view, of tragedy are founded in Aristotle’s theories on the subject. Aristotelian tragedy, as described in Poetics, has shaped every form of dramatic art, from Ancient Greek theatre to big-budget, Hollywood blockbusters. According...

Premium Duncan I of Scotland, Macbeth, Malcolm III of Scotland 1529  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Plato & Aristotle Comparison

of a human religious activity.” (80) In the Poetics, Aristotle defends the tragic drama completely and proves that it is useful. He proves the tragic drama demonstrates the beauty of measurement in that it exhibits, “a perfection of form and a sureness of method which guarantees that it will be a satisfactory whole in itself and efficacious in its work-the elements in its composition exhibit symmetry, harmony, and definiteness.” (78) In Poetics, Aristotle outlines in great detail the requirements...

Premium Averroes, Catharsis, Drama 1805  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Poetic Terminology

Assignment #1: Poetic Terminology 1. Alliteration- repetition of a particular sound or syllable two or more times in a group [EX: Elderly elephants egress elegantly] 2. Allusion- casual reference or implication of something [EX: Titles of books often allude to what the contents will hold, subtly or not. A book titled Little House on the Prairie implies that there will be a small house on a plain of grass.] 3. Analogy-two things that have something in common making them comparable [EX:...

Premium Iambic pentameter, Meter, Poetic form 1579  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Death of a Salesman Argumentative Essay

meet the requirements of a successful and noble person; thus making Death of a Salesman not a tragedy. Tragedy, as defined by Aristotle, has five essential components, one being that the tragic hero “is essentially noble in character” (Aristotle’s Poetics). The main character clearly does not meet the requirements of a noble and prosperous person. Willy makes very little money and isn’t well liked. Willy complains to Linda how he makes little money: LINDA: Well, it makes seventy dollars and some...

Premium Ancient Greek theatre, Catharsis, Character 945  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Oedipus Rex

Tragedies are imitations of human action, life, happiness, and misery, all of which are qualities that Oedipus Rex possess. To understand exactly what a tragedy is, one must first understand what Aristotle’s view on the matter. In The Poetics, he stated: Tragedy is, then, an imitation of a noble and complete action, having the proper magnitude; it employs the language that has been artistically enhanced by each of the kinds of linguistic adornment, applied separately in...

Premium Catharsis, Character, Drama 773  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Christopher Fry Poetic Drama

Şafak Horzum Poetic Drama and Its Revival in 20th Century in English Literature: A Brief Analysis of Fry’s The Lady’s Not for Burning Poetic drama, having had its roots in the Elizabethan Age in England with the great playwrights such as William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson and Christopher Marlowe who breathed into the English drama the life spirit of poetry by means of their mighty lines, struggled a lot to revive in the nineteenth century and succeeded in the first half of the twentieth century...

Premium Closet drama, Drama, Literature 2434  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle's Rules for Tragedy

Aristotle's Rules For Tragedy Laid Down In Poetics As They Apply To Blood Relations By Sharon Pollock Aristotle could be considered the first popular literary critic. Unlike Plato, who all but condemned written verse, Aristotle breaks it down and analyses it so as to separate the good from the bad. He studies in great detail what components make a decent epic or tragedy. The main sections he comes up with are form, means and manner. For most drama and verse, Aristotle's rules are a fairly good...

Premium Aristotle, Character, Drama 1551  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Theatre Appreciation Notes

– Drama Basics What is Drama? A collaborative art that represents events & situations, either realistic or symbolic, that we witness happening through the actions of actors in a play on a stage in front of a live audience. Aristotle’s Poetics The earliest-surviving work or dramatic theory & the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory. Aristotle offers an account of what he calls “poetry”. Aristotle’s Six Elements of Drama (335 B.C.E.) 1. Plot –...

Free Character, Drama, Euripides 960  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Nature of Tragedy

regarding tragedy was shaped by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle. Aristotle also noted that the tragic flaw is imperative in the characteristic of the protagonist and the proceedings that transpire in the piece are a manifestation of that flaw (“The Poetics by Aristotle: XIII.”). This philosophy of the tragic hero can be located in both Charles Van Doren in Quiz Show and Shakespeare’s character, Othello, in his play Othello. It is the characters’ prominence and faults as well as their ability to acquire...

Premium Charles Van Doren, Herb Stempel, Othello 1299  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Adrienne Rich Twenty One Love Poem

oppression of women and lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse. Rich's poetics depends on a reader's experience of her poetry. It is an event of cultural engagement in which the poems, resonating with and against each other, urges the reader to test various hermeneutic and ideological stances, and it requires the dialogic interaction among poet, poem, reader, and cultural context. For these reasons, the reader is indispensable to Rich's feminist poetics. I believe the readers are the ones to perceive...

Premium Adrienne Rich, Iambic pentameter, Meter 1060  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Tragedy Notes

TRAGEDY Simple definition: A hero’s fall in a world of good and evil Classical definition: Aristotle – Ars Poetica (Poetic Arts) * Tragedy is serious * Hero is engaged in a conflict * Hero experiences great suffering * Hero is defeated and dies Tragedies involve… * A faulty or corrupt society * Tragic hero * Tragic flaw * Mistaken choice of action * Catastrophe * Discovery Tragedy arouses in the audience the emotions of pity and fear ...

Free Ancient Greek theatre, Core issues in ethics, Emotion 463  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Tragic Hero Macbeth & Oedipus

CRITICAL APPRECIATION OF DRAMA FIRST ASSIGNMENT: TRAGIC HERO DR.LAJIMAN JANOORY GROUP A SEMESTER 3 2012/2013 FARIDA HAMIMI BT MUHAMAD SAIDI D20111047721 AT06-TESL FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND COMMUNICATIONS Questions: Aristotle in the Poetics defines the tragic hero as someone who is neither excessively evil, someone who is rather like ourselves, who falls from prosperity into adversity because of an error and/or character falling. Discuss this statement with close reference to main characters...

Premium Duncan I of Scotland, Macbeth, Oedipus 1812  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Research Paper

summarized as follows:- I. Critical view of Classical Critical Plato:- is a famous critic of the classical age. His view on art and literature are scattered all over his works which include Republic, Lon and various references made by him. His views on poetic inspiration, imitation and condemnation of poetry are of great historical significance. These views can be discussed as follows:- Plato was the first philosopher who systematically expressed his views on art and poetry. According to Plato, the poet...

Free Aristotle, Critic, Criticism 942  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Ibsen's Ghost: a Modern Tragedy

a modern tragedy. In his Poetics (325 B.C.), Aristotle defines tragedy as "incidents arousing pity and fear" (Chapter 9), which is precisely what Isben achieves through Ghosts when one analyzes its distinguished characters. Several of the characters in Ghosts inspire fear and evoke pity. In this sense, Ghosts, by Isben can be considered a tragedy. Ghosts is the epitome of a tragedy, for the reason that it encompasses the very ideals of one. In Aristotle's Poetics he defines tragedy as "an...

Premium Drama, Fear, Henrik Ibsen 1597  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Tragedy in the Modern Age

All My Sons (1947), Death of a Salesman (1949) and The Crucible (1952). In the 1957 Introduction to his Collected Plays Miller writes, “It is now many centuries since Aristotle lived. There is no more reason for falling down in a faint before his Poetics than before Euclid’s geometry”. Claiming that the dramatization of the anxiety and suicidal death of Willy Loman in Death of a Salesman is “a genuine solid gold tragedy”, Miller states that in “the tragic viewpoint there are and will be a great number...

Free 20th century, Drama, Euripides 1047  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document


critically and substantiate your answer with the examples from any two of the plays you have read." ‘The Poetics The Poetics is chiefly concerned with Tragedy which is regarded as the highest poetic form. In it the theory of tragedy is worked out so admirably, with such insight and comprehension, that ‘it becomes the type of the theory of literature’ (Abercrombie). Aristotle in his Poetics studies the tragedy in detail, giving its definition, and analysing its various constituents and elements...

Premium Aristotle, Catharsis, Character 1938  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Tradgedy, Arthur Miller and the Common Man

establishing a presence historically speaking. In his Poetics, Aristotle sought to give a scholarly definition- Tragedy is, then, an enactment of a deed that is important and complete, and of [a certain] magnitude, by means of language enriched [with ornaments], each used separately in the different parts [of the play]: it is enacted, not [merely] recited, and through pity and fear it effects relief (catharsis) to such [and similar] emotions. (Poetics, VI 1449b 2–3)- Greek Tragedy was an extension of...

Premium Ancient Greece, Drama, Euripides 2082  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle's rules for tragedy

 Aristotle was one of the most intelligent philosophers in ancient Greece. In his work ‘poetics’ he defined the rules that need to be followed to write an impactful tragedy drama. He defined the characteristics that are required in a powerful drama. The six constituents needed to be present in a tragedy are Plot, Character, Thought, Spectacle, Song and Diction. Sophocles is a Greek dramatist who wrote tragedy plays. Sophocles’ play Oedipus the King is tale of a mythological character called Oedipus...

Premium Catharsis, Character, Drama 1321  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Shakespeare Tragedy

1a. Identify in Romeo and Juliet one element that does not fit in with Aristotle’s theory of tragedy in the Poetics. According to the Aristotle in ’s theory of tragedy in the Poetics, tragedy is the “imitation of an action“[1](mimesis) according to “the law of probability or necessity. “[2] Hence, the length of a play should be perceived as probable in the reality. The theory insists the ascertainment of an action could have happened in such and such a time during the play.[3] However in Romeo...

Premium Character, Characters in Romeo and Juliet, Drama 856  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

A Man’s Character Is His Fate.’ to What Extent Is Othello’s Own Character the Cause of His Downfall?

‘A man’s character is his fate.’ To what extent is Othello’s own character the cause of his downfall? According to Aristotle’s Poetics, a classical tragic hero should be renowned and prosperous, superior in some specific way, so that the reversal of fortunes or downfall, stirs up feelings within the audience of a greater intensity. Such disastrous results are often triggered by the mistake of the tragic hero due to their tragic flaw or hamartia, which is often linked to hubris or excessive pride...

Premium Desdemona, Elizabeth I of England, Iago 1735  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Murder in the Cathedral as a Poetic Drama

English poetic drama in the twentieth century arose as a reaction to the deteriorating naturalistic prose plays of Ibsen, Shaw and Galsworthy. Its photographic realism failed to convey the tension and complexity of contemporary life. Stephen Phillips perhaps initiated the revival of poetic drama with Herod (1901), with great Irish writers like Yeats, Synge and O'Casey later reinforcing the movement. Eliot took to writing plays late while already enjoying colossal poetic fame. Also a mature critic...

Premium Literature, Drama, Verse drama and dramatic verse 842  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

The Formal Features of Romeo and Juliet

first definitively written about by Aristotle (335BC) in Poetics. In describing the formal elements of ancient Greek tragedy Aristotle wrote that tragedy “is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself.” The imitation in this case being the acting out of a plot with the characters being the means to carry forward the story. In Poetics Aristotle aimed to explain the differences in the poetic Arts, what defines tragedy in relation to comedy, Epic, Nomic...

Premium Romeo and Juliet, Tragedy, Poetry 1665  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

A comparison essay between Shakespeare's,Hamlet, and Arthur Miller's, Death of a Salesman, on the issue of tragedy.

complete, and of a certain magnitude, in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play...through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions." (Aristotle, The Poetics). Although each and every tragedy is slightly different or even quite dissimilar, every true tragedy includes the presence of a tragic hero. The tragic hero can be defined as "man as both beautiful and terrible" (Class notes, Tragedy and The Tragic...

Free Catharsis, Death of a Salesman, Drama 2209  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

hello my name is peter

(i.e., its causes are downplayed ... Has visitado esta página 2 veces. Fecha de la última visita: 29/03/14. [PDF] Some Thoughts About Tragedy (Both Literary and Mundane): web.cn.edu/kwheeler/documents/Tragedy.pdf‎ Traducir esta página Their poetic works are perhaps a distant cousin to the great tragic dramas of earlier years. "If a single ... Though depressing, these traits do not make a tragedy ... What makes a tragedy - Wiki Answers wiki.answers.com › ... › Drama and Acting‎ Traducir...

Free Anagnorisis, Catharsis, Character 507  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

An Analysis and Comparison of Modern Tragedy in Drama

Aristotle thoroughly describes his understanding of the tragedy in the Poetics and bases this conception on certain requirements. According to Aristotle the three most important variables that define a tragedy are plot, characters, and theme. Using Oedipus Rex as a sort of ideal, this philosopher demonstrates how a tragedy functions in order to evoke catharsis while exploring themes and human flaws, or mistakes. In Oedipus Rex, the main figure, Oedipus the King is a subject of fate, unable to escape...

Premium Character, Jocasta, Oedipus 1495  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Describe, with examples if possible, the four orientations of criticism found in the first chapter of M. H. Abrams 'The Mirror and the Lamp'.

a mere imitation of the transitory actual world, stating that the 'creation of poets and artists are copies of copies of ideal reality, they are third hand distortions of the truth, valueless and potentially misleading.' However, Aristotle's The Poetics, argued that poetry creatively represents what is universal in human experience, stating that men enjoy being naturally imitative, and that they learn by it. It ascertains that the form of literature, not just the content, has to be taken into account...

Free Aesthetics, Aristotle, Art 1088  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Theories and Blake's London

skill to put great thoughts and strong emotions in words, syntax, poetic figures). Furthermore, he adds more basic rules to achieve sublime like not mixing genres or mixing the high and the low and so forth, which basically is a repetition of decorum rules. Lastly, we move to the expressive theory and Wordsworth's theory of expressive poetry as a response to the neo classism movement towards imitating the classics in poetic diction. It is safe to say that Wordsworth despised the rigid form...

Free Poetics, Aristotle, Plato 1177  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Essay Cct

low mimetic and ironic; tragedy is about human isolation, comedy about human integration. In the Poetics, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) compares tragedy to such other metrical forms as comedy and epic. He determines that tragedy, like all poetry, is a kind of imitation (mimesis), but adds that it has a serious purpose and uses direct action rather than narrative to achieve its ends. He says that poetic mimesis is imitation of things as they could be, not as they are, for example, of universals and ideals...

Premium Aristotle, Character, Drama 1525  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Macbeth - Tragedy

he was both a renowned and prolific playwright, look back a few hundred years to find Aristotle, one of the most famous scholars and philosophers of all time. In his treatise titled Poetics, he defends poetry against criticism as well as sets standards for tragedies in "The Nature of Tragedy," a section of the Poetics. Is Macbeth fit to be included in the tragedy genre according to the standards set by Aristotle? According to Aristotle, a tragedy is "an imitation of an action that is serious, complete...

Premium Catharsis, Character, Drama 1250  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document


fate ever imaginable. Oedipus Tyrannous is a classic Greek tragedy written by Sophocles around 470 BC. According to Aristotle's Poetics, Greek tragedies should follow certain guidelines in order to be effective tragic drama. Many of Oedipus' character traits ultimately justify his place as a perfect specimen of Aristotle's tragic hero. According to Aristotle's Poetics, Oedipus Tyrannous is tragic hero due to his hamartia and peripeteia. In Greek tragedy every hero eventually shows signs of...

Free Anagnorisis, Ancient Greece, Catharsis 865  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Elizabeth Bishop

Ellis, Jonathan. Art and Memory in the Work of Elizabeth Bishop. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, 2006. McCabe, Susan. Elizabeth Bishop: Her Poetics of Loss. Pennsylvania: Penn State Press, 2010. Monteiro, George. Elizabeth Bishop in Brazil and After: A Poetic Career Transformed. North Carolina : McFarland, 2012. Pickard, Zachariah. Elizabeth Bishop's Poetics of Description. Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press, 2009. ...

Premium Aesthetics, Alliteration, Ancient Rome 1093  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Antigone: The Tragic Hero in Antigone

final decision. A confusing aspect of many Greek tragedies, including Antigone, is discovering who the true tragic hero actually is.  To do this, one only has to understand the rules and guidelines for Greek tragedy, which Aristotle specified in Poetics.  When Aristotle's strict guidelines are applied to both Creon and Antigone, it becomes apparent that there can only be one tragic hero. Creon fulfills some of the aspects required of a tragic hero, but is immediately eliminated as the true tragic...

Premium Antigone, Character, Euripides 1443  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Tragic Character and Plot in Things Fall Apart

Period 1 22 May 2012 Tragic Character and Plot in Things Fall Apart Despite being written in 1959 and set in Nigeria, Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe reads much like a Greek tragedy. AmidstPrinciples from Aristotle’s theory of tragedy in the Poetics are evident throughout the novel, and contribute to the development of the protagonist and the incidents of the plot. Amid the images of slaves, missionaries, and western colonialism, Achebe uses these principles to create a tragic character and...

Premium Anagnorisis, Character, Chinua Achebe 763  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Termpaper 1stdraft

word tragedy has been applied to a range of sad events or stories, tragedy, as it is used in the study of literature, requires that the audience, having identified with the protagonist, experiences a feeling of release or catharsis. According to Poetics by Aristotle, every tragedy must have six elements, which parts determine its quality: plot, characters, diction, thought, spectacle, melody. Amount all the elements, plot is the “first principle”, which is the most important feature of tragedy. Aristotle...

Premium Ancient Greece, Drama, Euripides 1878  Words | 7  Pages

Open Document

Hubris as a Major Element in Aeschylus

society. In Poetics, Aristotle focuses on the best kinds of tragic plot (Aristotle 20). One of the most important aspects of a perfect tragedy is hamartia, sometimes misinterpreted as tragic flaw. The true definition of hamartia is a fatal error committed by a character that results in a change of fortune. When a character commits hamartia, the audience is subjected to emotions such as sympathy, fear and pity. Although hubris is not explicitly mentioned in the translations of Poetics, it is one...

Premium Aeschylus, Anagnorisis, Hamartia 1455  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Wordsworth's Theory of Poetic Diction

claims to have selected for his poems? How does he describe the language used by many modern writers? Answer: The problem of poetic diction has been one of the most controversial issues in literary criticism. The most important part in the history of poetic diction is constituted by Wordsworth’s views on the language of poetry. These are two traditions in the history of poetic diction. One is that which pleads for a special language for poetry and the other is that which pleads for the spoken language...

Free Emotion, Feeling, Language 2295  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

Elements of Tragedy

upon the unity of action only, the other two have wrongly been attributed to him. Oedipus is one of the most striking and tragic characters in Greek literature. He fulfils all the qualities of an ideal tragic hero as outlined by Aristotle in his “Poetics”. He is a man of royal birth, possesses excellent qualities of character, great well wisher of his people and great administrator with outstanding intellect. He respects the bonds of family and is a loving husband as well as an affectionate father...

Free Catharsis, Character, Euripides 918  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Death of a sail man

powerful illustration of the failed American Dream. Yet, Millers tragedy is different from most that have come before him. That is, its protagonist does not seem to resemble the heroic figures that have come to characterize the genre. In his work, Poetics, Aristotle famously breaks down the structural necessity for good tragedy. One of these features, to put it concisely, is that the protagonist must be a noble person, falling from a great height in order to meet his bitter ending. Willy is by no means...

Premium American Dream, Catharsis, Character 1903  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Opedipus, a tragic hero

a complex relationship between tragedy and emotions. For him, it is expressed through pity and fear. Konstan argues: The idea that the object of pity does not deserve his fate is present in the definition Aristotle offers in the Rhetoric; in the Poetics, however, Aristotle exploits the concept of similarity in order to explain the terror that tragedy induces. If the characters on stage are enough like ourselves-the context indicates that the sense is morally similar-then we will experience their...

Premium Character, Drama, Oedipus 1718  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Comedy and Tragedy According to Aristotle

Comedy and Tragedy | |       Comedy     According to Aristotle (who speculates on the matter in his Poetics), ancient comedy originated with the komos, a curious and improbable spectacle in which a company of festive males apparently sang, danced, and cavorted rollickingly around the image of a large phallus.  (If this theory is true, by the way, it gives a whole new meaning to the phrase "stand-up routine.")     Accurate or not, the linking of the origins of comedy to some sort of phallic...

Premium Anagnorisis, Catharsis, Character 1903  Words | 6  Pages

Open Document

A Comparison Between King Lear and Oedipus

King Lear Comparison A tragedy is not only an imitation of life in general but an imitation of an action, as Aristotle defined his ideas in the Poetics, which presents Oedipus as an ultimate tragic hero. There is a obvious link between the two characters in that blindness – both literal and metaphorical – is a strong theme in the stories. Issues of self-recognition and self-knowledge are significant for Oedipus as well as King Lear. For Aristotle, Reversal, Recognition and Suffering are key...

Premium Character, Fool, Oedipus the King 1649  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Aristotle s theory of the Tragic Hero

be able to achieve powerful effects by consciously violating these laws. In point of fact, Euripides, the last of the three great tragic poets of Ancient Greece, wrote many plays that violated the logical and structured principles of Aristotle’s Poetics in a conscious effort to depict a world that he saw as neither logical nor structured. Aristotle himself gives mixed reviews to Euripides’ troubling plays, but they are still performed two and a half millennia after they were written. Aristotle’s...

Premium Aristotle, Art, Character 1899  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

‘’Aristotle Defined the Proper Pleasure (Oikeia Hedone) of Tragedy as: ‘Through Pity and Fear Effecting the Proper Purgation ‘ Catharsis’’. Critically Analyze the Relationship Between Tragedy and Its Audience and How

confrontation of inner freedom with external necessity, we find the tragedy of the whole play.3 Oedipus life was trapped in ignorance. His tragic wedding, the earlier murder of his father as well as him, having children with his own mother, demonstrate the poetic depiction of the consequences of ignorance and the mythological mortal fear of the unknown. But how is psychologically explained that although the tragic spectacle causes agony, horror and terror to the viewer, it regales and pleases him? The viewer...

Premium Aristotle, Catharsis, Character 967  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Doctor Faustus

experience of watching a tragedy. Doctor Faustus is a late sixteenth-century morality play, designed to teach its audience about the spiritual dangers of excessive learning and ambition. In fact, ‘tragedy’ according to Aristotle's description (in the Poetics) is a play that represents a central action or plot that is serious and significant. They involve a socially prominent main character who is neither evil nor morally perfect, who moves from a state of happiness to a state of misery because of some...

Premium Aristotle, Character, Christopher Marlowe 869  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Antigone Tragic Characters

she is facing death. Antigone stays loyal to her family that slowly brings her to her down fall. In my opinion though I believe that Creon is the real tragic character because Creon is a perfect example of what Aristotle described in his book “Poetics.” In Aristotle’s book he describes a tragic character as a character that should have harmartia, peripetia, catharsis, and anagnorisis. Creon goes through all of these stages during the story. His character flaw is his excessive pride and...

Premium Anagnorisis, Creon, Narratology 1072  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document


depicting the rise in circumstances of a dejected or outcast underdog, tragedy shows us the downfall of a once prominent and powerful hero.   The most influential theorist of the genre is Aristotle, whose Poetics has guided the composition and critical interpretation of tragedy for more than two millennia. Distilling the many penetrating remarks contained in this commentary, we can derive the following general definition: Tragedy depicts the downfall of a...

Free Anagnorisis, Catharsis, Character 1697  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Fences Play According to Aristotle

as a tragic hero, and tragic plot were evident throughout the play. Also, the feeling of catharsis at the end-which is proper of tragedy, was clearly identifiable. I. Fences fits into the tragic genre based on the points given by Aristotle. In Poetics, he defines tragedy as "the imitation of an action that is serious and also as having magnitude, complete in itself." • Aristotle’s idea is that the plot has a beginning middle and end and all parts follow each other in concise fashion. o In the...

Premium Anagnorisis, Catharsis, Character 1524  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document


victim to a vicious attack committed as a gang initiation ritual. Transformed by grief, Hume eventually comes to the disturbing conclusion that no length is too great when protecting his family, protecting what is his. Aristotle's main focus in the Poetics is on the genre of tragedy, but he also makes important comments on comedy and epic. His original theoretical stipulations about the essential nature of mimesis must apply to all genres of literature (tragedy, comedy, epic, etc.) and all other forms...

Premium Aristotle, Art, Gang 1500  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Why Is Oedipus a Hero in the Eyes of the Ancient Greek Audience

to explain why that is, it is important to understand the meaning of Greek tragedy, as opposed to modern tragedy. How can a hero in a Greek tragedy be defined? The most widely accepted definition of Greek tragedy was written by Aristotle in his “Poetics”, where he details the various characteristics that make a protagonist a hero in a Greek tragedy. Based on Aristotle's definition, there are three main characteristics in “Oedipus the King”, among others, that show that Oedipus is a hero in the eyes...

Premium Character, Drama, Oedipus 934  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Tragic Hero

Due date: Tuesday, January 8th Points: 75 Submit your essay to turnitin.com and bring a hard copy to class. Aristotle recorded his ideas about the structure, purpose, and intended effect of tragedy in his book of literary theory titled Poetics.   His ideas have been adopted, disputed, expanded, and discussed for several centuries now. The following list is a summary of his basic ideas regarding the tragic hero: 1.  The tragic hero is a character of noble stature that possesses greatness...

Free Catharsis, Character, Drama 696  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Christopher Marlowe's Contribution to English Drama

Another great achievement of Marlowe was to introduce a new type of blank verse in his tragedies.  A new spirit of poetry was breathed into the artificial and monotonous verse of the old days. In fact, the whole of Elizabethan Drama was enliven by a new poetic grandeur. Seriousness and Concentration: Another notable characteristic of Marlowe’s work is seriousness and concentration on the theme and there is complete lack of humor.  According to many critics, the clownish scenes and the other absurdities...

Premium Christopher Marlowe, Drama, English Renaissance theatre 1187  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

English Literature

In his Poetics, Aristotle set forth the characteristics of good tragedy. To him the two most important features of tragedy were plot and character. The plot should contain a change in fortune, preferably from good to bad, and should ideally hinge on a recognition or discovery. T The main character, the protagonist, should be a person in whom good and bad are mixed but in whom the good predominates. That definition is usually paraphrased as "a basically noble person with...

Premium Character, Intelligence, Jocasta 569  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free