ELASTICITY It shows the degree of responsiveness of the change in the one variable due to the change in the quantity of the other variable. Elasticity = Percentage change in the one variable Percentage change in the other variable It is simply a way of quantifying cause of and effect relationship. The concept of elasticity can be used in demand and supply. ELASTICITY OF DEMAND We can study the elasticity of demand under the following categories. Price elasticity
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9 – Elasticity and Demand Demand and Elasticity Elasticity is a way to measure the responsiveness of a dependent variable to changes in an independent variable. Elasticity is defined as a ratio of the percentage change in a dependent variable to a percentage change in an independent variable. Elasticity ≡ percentage change of dependent variable Percentage change of independent variable When: Y = f(X) %ΔY E ≡ %ΔX Fal l ’05 © Reynolds 2005 Microeconomics Slide 1 Chapter 9 – Elasticity and Demand
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creates shortage or surplus. Price Ceiling – A maximum price at which a good can be sold. Price Floor – Minimum price buyers are required to pay for a good. Elasticity The price elasticity of demand is computed as the percentage change in quantity demanded divided by the percentage change in price. That is‚ Price elasticity of demand=ED= Percentage change in quantity demand Percentage change in price Where: %▲D > %▲P (1) = Elastic demand %▲D < %▲P (1) = Inelastic Demand
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known as price elasticity. The price elasticity of demand can be influenced by availability of substitutes‚ the level of necessity or luxury‚ amount of income required by the product‚ the time period considered and permanent or temporary price change. In regards to substitute or alternative products‚ the more substitute products there are‚ the bigger the elasticity. In reference to necessity or luxury‚ one must understand that luxury products have a tendency to have a greater elasticity than necessities
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Elasticity: Complements and Substitutes D. Buress‚ R. Jackson‚ J. Jones‚ P. Nelson‚ I. Skidmore ECO/365 February 2‚ 2015 R. Caratao Elasticity: Complements and Substitutes This week our team was tasked with discussing the concepts of complementary and substitute products and their effects on supply and demand. Most of the discussions were centered on getting a true and valid understanding of the definitions for each of these economic scenarios. Complements and Substitutes As we looked at why some
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Elasticity is the ability of an object or substance to return quickly to its original shape and size after being bent‚ stretched‚ or squashed. When an elastic material is deformed due to an external force‚ it experiences internal forces that oppose the deformation and restore it to its original state if the external force is no longer applied. There are various elastic moduli‚ such as Young’s modulus‚ the shear modulus‚ and the bulk modulus‚ all of which are measures of the inherent stiffness of
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Theory of elasticity -stress and strain stress -constitutive equations. Theory of Plasticity y y -Yielding Criteria‚ -Von mises criterion and Tresca criterion. - Plastic analysis and limit design methods for structural systems( beams‚ frames and plates) 1-ELASTICITY yp -Introduction for different types of nonlinear behavior -Tensors symbolic -Unidirectional stress and strain Unidirectional -3D components of stress and strain - Equilibrium equations - Invariants of stresses tensor -Principal
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INTRO Definition of ’Price Elasticity Of Demand’ A measure of the relationship between a change in the quantity demanded of a particular good and a change in its price. Price elasticity of demand is a term in economics often used when discussing price sensitivity. The formula for calculating price elasticity of demand is: Price Elasticity of Demand = % Change in Quantity Demanded / % Change in Price If a small change in price is accompanied by a large change in quantity demanded‚ the product
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Sessions 4 & 5 Elasticity and Its y Applications Readings Hirschey: Economics for Managers‚ 2009 (Fifth Indian Reprint)‚ South-Western Cengage Learning – Chapter 5 Hubbard & O’Brian: Microeconomics (First Edition)‚ Pearson Education India – Chapter 6 Mansfield‚ Allen‚ Mansfield Allen Doherty and Weigelt: Managerial Economics: Theory‚ Applications and Cases (Fifth Edition)‚ W. W. Norton and Company – Chapter 3 Thomas and Maurice: Managerial Economics: Concepts
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Elasticity Dr. Sushma Shukla Adjunct Assistant Professor Economics North Virginia Community College 1 Elasticity • In economics‚ elasticity is the measurement of how changing one economic variable affects others. For example: i. "If I lower the price of my product‚ how much more will I sell?“ ii. "If I raise the price of one good‚ how will that affect sales of this other good?“ iii. "If we learn that a resource is becoming scarce‚ will people scramble to acquire it?" 2 Price
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