"Constable" Essays and Research Papers


The Constable Calls By Seamus Heaney A Constable Calls is the second in a sequence of six poems entitled 'Singing School' which concludes Heaney's fourth collection 'North' (1975). The poem is a vivid description of an incident from the poet's childhood - a policeman making an official visit to his father's farm at Mossbawn to record tillage returns. There is something grotesquely bizarre about an armed representative of the law travelling by bicycle around the Ulster countryside to record agricultural...

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John Constable

What made Constable different from the majority of his contemporaries was his attitude towards the things that he saw. He was not, like so many other landscape artists, a conscious seeker of the picturesque. As an artist he was virtually self-taught and his periods of formal study amounted to little more than process of directive discipline. His real master was his own sensitive and perceptive eye (Peacock, 15). It was through a study of nature rather than by a study of academic principles that his...

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Ethics in Policing

own peers at any and all opportunities available. This is why it is imperative that Police must always perform to a high standard in any action or decision they make. This essay will look at the ethical actions and decisions, Senior Constable Cullen and Constable Black make, in the Lane Cove Break and Enter case study. This essay will also discuss the roles and functions of police and how they must be approached ethically, as well as the use of discretion and reporting misconduct and corruption...

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Volunteering assignment 1

One of the many volunteer opportunities in the police service includes the Special Constables. The Special Constables have the same duties as Police Constable but they do not get paid for the work they do, whilst being a Special Constable, they will also have a part time job. The service stands to gain a various range of experience and skills when having volunteers in the service. For example; some Special Constables may have experience within the Police force whereas other Specials may have little...

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Law's a Beast

Days after a Mumbai police constable raped a 17-year-old college girl inside a police chowki on Mumbai's Marine Drive, people who walked the promenade or drove the stretch made it a point to stop, hurl the choicest of abuses at constables posted along the four-kilometre stretch before moving on. The men in khaki fought hard to keep their cool, grimacing at the dishonour brought on by one of their own, Sunil Atmaram More, on the afternoon of April 21. It looked like Marine Drive, the symbol of the...

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police powers

samples. These powers are principally governed by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act, 1984 (PACE) and/or the associated Codes of Practices. A number of police powers are premised upon the constable having reasonable grounds for suspicion. For instance, stop and search under the PACE, part I, requires a constable to have ‘reasonable grounds for suspecting that he will find stolen or prohibited articles’ etc. and most, but not all, powers of arrest under s.24, depend on the officer having reasonable...

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deep smart

than ten years of experience. Once he and his partner were patrolling in city, they saw a man who was a Pakistani. The Pakistani man was tall and walking normally on the street, at least in the eyes of Tom. However, Tom’s partner, who is a senior constable, immediately went towards the man and asked him for his ID card. The Pakistani man refused and began to run away. At last, he was arrested and discovered to be an Illegal Immigrant (II). How to identify thedeep smart inside? There are nine dimensions...

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Police Power Etc.

Scenario 3 Weatherbell and Farzal are Police Constables on duty when receiving a call from 'All That Glitters ' - jewellers in the shopping centre about a woman who is believed to be a theft.The information they have got about the suspect is : young,tall woman with long blonde hair wearing jeans and black jacket carrying a black rucksack. As the police constables mentioned above drove past Station Square they see young woman meeting the description they have. When officer Weathrbell runs after the...

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essential part of the public services it helps them reduces their costs and save time on training. If you apply to be a special in the Police you will undergo short cost effective training unlike the training for a regular officer. Joining as a special constable helps the police put the money they save into things that are more important like resources, etc. volunteering can help you a lot and help you gain many skills. It can help you discover things you didn’t know about yourself, it could possibly help...

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Police and Politics

enabled a set of guidelines for police conduct. The public image of Police in a democratic society had to change. Robilliard and Mcewan (1986) argued that the police and the public should not be seen as detached group and even though the office of constable had been around since the 16th century, the disconnection between the two groups was never intended. Although the police were vehemently against the reduction of their powers to fight crime, concerns for civil liberty supported the state in...

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Police Department Organization

local police, 3,061 sheriff’s departments, 49 state police agencies, 1,376 special police agencies, and 45 federal agencies” (Katz, 2008). At the local level, you have your municipal police, county police, and county sheriffs. Also, there are the constables, coroners, special district police, and the tribal police. The role of the municipal police is more complex and they are the most important police of all law enforcement agencies. They are responsible for enforcing criminal laws within their jurisdiction...

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Before getting their first assignment though, new police officers must complete a (usually) three to six month basic training. As well, before they are eligible to be promoted to detective, police officers must spend about five years as a regular constable. CURRENT NEED While the competition of law enforcement careers is rather high, employment of police officers and detective is expected to grow 5% - 10% within the next ten years. With a more security-wanting society and population growth, the...

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A New Kind Of Dreaming Essay

because he murders the boy Constable Mc Pherson McPherson was on the boat with Butcher. He feels responsible for the old refugee man who is killed by Butcher. He doesn’t think it was self protection. He thinks Butcher committed murder. He feels weak and frightened that he could go to jail if Butcher lies about what happened. He feels he is being trapped and forced to stay in Port Barren. So he turns to alcohol to wash away the pain. Constable Robb Constable Robb is reluctant but forced...

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Amos Police Force Paper

CPMC. As such, the objectives of this program were achieved and Amos’ Police Force seems to be performing much better than both the CRP and CMPC average. It appears that greater importance was placed on this program than was planned. Indeed, 35% of constable time was actually spent on traffic control as compared to an expected 30%. This outcome was likely the main cause of the actual expenditures being over budget. It is unclear whether the goal to minimize traffic offences was met. Overall, Amos Police...

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scales of justice

the workplace, racism and the avoidance of crime throughout the text. He deals with these themes and issues through the eyes of a naïve new Probationary Constable, Len Webber, as he battles with his conscience against right and wrong. In scales of Justice ‘The Job’, Constable Len Webber is new to the police Force. Sergeant O’Rourke and Constable Borland take him under their wing, teaching bad habits and encouraging unlawful behavior. At the start of the screenplay the cadets repeat the Oath of...

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Police Essay

this time generally range from around $35,000 to $50,000 a year. Full-time police constables who have completed their probationary period can earn anywhere from around $40,000 to $80,000 a year, depending on the police force and their level of experience. Some experienced constables working for forces in large cities earn upwards of $80,000 a year. Supervisors and senior level officers earn more than constables. Depending on their responsibilities and the size of the department they oversee,...

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passed off as the student’s own. Question 2: a) As specified in the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 Part V, section 61(1), a senior police officer can actually decide if someone is trespassing on land, or indeed by ‘any constable at the scene’ can also make this decision , section 61(3) refers. b) In accordance with the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 Part V, section 61(1), the number of people who need to be on the land before it might be considered trespass...

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Police Roles and Functions

there are three levels of law enforcement agencies being covered, Local, State and Federal. The Local level is made of three organization Municipal Police, County Police, County Sheriff, County Coroner/Medical Examiner and some states still use Constables today. Let’s briefly review each one. Municipal police play a more complex role than any other law enforcement agency due to serving in our cities. Big and small cities represent the most complex environments when it comes to diversity. With that...

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Police and Representation

exciting thing to talk to their sergeants, “…meeting his beat sergeant at certain times for half an hour to discuss what had happened so far”. Whereas in representation two, it is seen as the sergeants do not trust the officers, “sergeants followed the constables round on their beats to ensure they were doing their duty, not sleeping in doorways or idly chatting to each other or to anyone they met.” I think this is a more realistic view of their job, as in the first source the police are seen to never get...

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English Heritage in Policing

protect one another (Dempsey & Forst, 2010, p 4-9). King Alfred established a system of mutual pledge a form of society control where citizens grouped together to protect each other. People were supposed to police their own communities. The constable were the first form of English Police Officer, was responsible for dealing with more serious of the law (Dempsey & Forst, 2010, p 4-9). In the early English Sheriff were known as Shire-reeve which were English official place in charge of shires...

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Policing Functions

Katz, 2008). At the local level, there are some agencies that most would think are part of the Municipal Police or the Sheriffs’ department. The Constable, much like the Sheriff is an office that can be traced back to the early days of law enforcement history. Although most states no longer elect a Constable, there are some states that do. The Constables duties are to enforce the States Constitution (Walker & Katz, 2008). State organization level. The state organization levels consist of State...

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Analysis of Anthony Eaton's A New Kind of Dreaming

in prison. As readers we are positioned to feel sorry for Lorraine in the end because she made a mistake (having a relationship with a client) and it was always coming back to haunt her. Eventually she tried to flee but died while doing so. Constable Mike McPherson was a colleague of Sergeant Butcher and was seen as a drunk. Throughout the novel he is constantly drinking alcohol and receives no respect from the community. However Butcher allowed McPherson to keep his job, although he was an alcoholic...

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Benefits of Comunity Policing

breakdowns in communication. In police agencies the communication problems occur between patrol constables and the investigators, between constables working different districts, and between management and line. If we make the beat constable the center of the community policing philosophy, we can improve our ability to communicate by channeling our information through the individual beat constable. 5. It increases citizen support for department programs and budgets. By opening our Department...

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CRM 2305

Introduction An analysis of the case study of an Aboriginal youth named Randy Fryingpan vs. Constable Mike Wasylyshen will be conducted, commencing with a brief summary of the incident that occurred ten years ago. An exploration of police use of force and discrimination will be discussed. Summary of Issue/Incident/ news Early in the morning, on October 5th 2002, five Edmonton Police officers, including Constable (Cst.) A. Normand (No. 1809), Cst. P. Blais (No. 1900), Cst. R. Sparreboom (No. 2309),...

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Accidental Death of an Anarchist

example of exquisitely political theatre" with a comedy that begins from being realistic, (the stage setting is of a realistic, ordinary police station) moves towards the frankly implausible (the madman, the inspector, the superintendent and the constable singing the song of anarchists in the police station), reaches to the level of grotesque (the constant punching and kicking of Bertozzo by the police officials, and the falling eye) until it ends with a hilarious and ludicrous climax. "He (the...

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Act, in this case the police officers did not give the required details of themselves and their station, set out in Code A of the Act, this therefore rendered the search as unlawful (Parpworth, 2012). Another unlawful case is O’Loughlin V Chief Constable of Essex (1997) where the police did not provide the reason for entry to the property which is necessary by the Police And Criminal Evidence Act, leaving the search illegitimate (Alison, 2013). In White V Metropolitan Police Commissioner, an unlawful...

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the existing police officers, watchmen, constables and Bow Street Patrols, and began to contemplate some form of centralization. By 1826 he was outlining a plan for six police districts to comer a 10 mile radius from St Paul’s. In 1828 he began drafting the metropolitan police bill of 1829. He appointed col. Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne to establish the force as much as they saw fit. On July 20th he approved the establishment of a force of 895 constables, 88 sergeants, 20 inspectors and 8 superintendents...

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Criminal Justice Trends Paper

part in the search of the perpetrator (NCWC, 2004). In time the tithing system world evolve into another system and its name was known as the parish constable-watch system (NCWC, 2004). The new system had a different method; the community would appoint one individual of the tithing system to serve for one-year as the constable. One duty of the constable was to employ other men in the community to perform duties at night; the name of this position was watchman (NCWC, 2004). These watchmen had to...

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Police and Critical Thinking

attending the scene are approached by the licensee of the Chiefly Hotel. Denise Spence informs Senior Constable Baltrow that a barman who works in her hotel has been assaulted. Previous experience and observations are both factors which aid us in identifying a problem; this is known as ‘inductive reasoning.’ In this case, I believe, both factors come into play for Senior Constable Baltrow. Senior constable Baltrow then begins to question the licensee. During the questioning process a male appears from...

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Official Crime Statistics

the result and perception of reporting or not reporting crime. Crime statistics are recorded centrally through a Government body called the Official Crime Statistics or OCS. Figures for crime are collated through a number of sources. The Chief Constables Annual report and the British Crime survey two examples but there are other recording bodies. Crime is reported through the Police, the Court service, by self reporting individuals and in some way by what is referred to as victimisation surveys...

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Sir Robert Peel Paper

this was so successful that it was soon implemented in smaller towns in England and the United States there after. ← good regarding firearms and violence. Following the American Revolution law enforcement nearly copied the English system. Constables, night watchmen, and sheriffs were appointed; the role of the sheriff was law enforcement and the apprehension of criminals, serving warrants and subpoenas and maintaining the local jails. The sheriff’s responsibilities extended beyond law enforcement...

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summary of the invisible man

surprisingly, does not believe the doctor's wild story. Later, Cuss and Bunting obtain the Invisible Man's notebooks, but these are subsequently stolen back from them by the invisible Griffin, when he also takes both men's clothes. J.A. Jaffers is a constable or "bobby" in the town of Iping. He is called upon by George Hall and Janny Hall to arrest Griffin after they suspect him of robbing the Reverend Bunting. He overcomes his shock at the discovery that Griffin was invisible quickly, determined to arrest...

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Daniel 'Mad Dog' Morgan

bushrangers they need a fine, working horse and so that’s what Morgan exactly did. He stole one of Thomas Evans fine horse. Mad Dan’s Mood Swings On June 1864, Sergeant McGinnerty and Constable Churchley were riding along the road from Tumbarumba to Piney Ridge, when suddenly Morgan shot Sergeant McGinnerty dead. Constable Churchley panicked and rode back to get help. When he came back, with other officers they found Sergeant McGinnerty lying on the side of the road and Morgan nowhere to be seen. He...

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History of Private Security

them when they immigrated to the United States in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The positions of constable, watchman, and sheriff were borrowed from the English and were used to establish the first system of public law enforcement in the United States. As rapid growth occurred in the West throughout the early 1800s, it became clear that constables and watchmen weren't going to be able to provide the expansive services necessary to protect people and their property...

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Mumbai Police

Police was created. James Tod, the then Lieutenant of Police, was appointed as the first Deputy of Police on 5 April 1780. He was tried and dismissed for corruption in 1790. Subsequently, the designation was changed to "Deputy of Police and High Constable". In 1793, Act XXXIII, Geo. III was promulgated. The post of Deputy of Police was abolished and a post of Superintendent of Police was created in its place, with a Deputy of Superintendent of Police assisting him. Mr. Simon Halliday was the...

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The Most Important Role of the Police is to Prevent Crime

and investigate crime committed against the community. However, there are other duties, some of which are unpleasant, and demand the highest of qualities in a person. Some of these unpleasant duties were listed by Tasneem McVie, a probationary constable who listed the good and bad qualities of being a police officer on the Strathclyde police website, she said: "It isn't nice having going to a car crash and finding out it's a child, or telling someone that a loved one has died. In a situation like...

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Term Papers

include how it serves the rural (ACT) areas. 5) Explain how crime prevention lies at the root of COPPS in both Sweden and France, as well as other similarities of their approach to, and practice of this philosophy. 6) Review the role of constables in Great Britain. 7) Explain the five stages in the development of community policing in Hong Kong. Chapter 15 1) Discuss why a futures orientation is important for police executives and supervisors, as well as the national organization...

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Stop and Search Powers

Criminal Evidence bill 1982 was proposed there has been huge controversy. When the it was enacted as the 1984 Police and Criminal Evidence Act it was described as the most significant landmark in the modern development of police powers” Chief Constable of Merseyside, Kenneth Oxford and former Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir David McNee both shared similar views and felt that the new act would “go against the interests of the law abiding citizen and an effective police service.” There were...

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How significant was the Turf Fraud case in changing attitudes towards policing over time?

mention is Robert Peel, who became Home Secretary in 1822. During his time, he introduced a number of important reforms of British criminal law and one significant development was the introduction of a London based police force in 1829. The 1,000 constables employed, although extremely unpopular at first and nicknamed ‘Bobbies’, were effective at reducing crime in London and this can be supported by the County and Borough Police Act of 1856. Due to the beginning public attitude regarding policing as...

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Sir Robert Peel Paper

colonies. Since the first colonies were from England and the European community it was natural that the law enforcement of the new American land would take shape along the lines of English law enforcement. In each town and city they would have a constable or a sheriff that would have the same general powers as the commissioners of the old country. The new land called for a little more development of law enforcement. Some of the larger cities passed laws to require that the public be responsible...

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Roles and Responsibilities of Public Policing vs. Private Security

provide security for the people. The beginnings form of law enforcement was the frankpledge system (1066-1300 AD) 10 tithing’s (10 village security groups) were organized into a "hundred," supervised by a constable whom the local nobility appointed. The primary duty of the constable was to quartermaster the equipment of the hundred and raise forces quickly. Ten hundreds were further organized into a "shire", supervised by a "shire-reeve". Today the shire-reeve is pronounced Sheriff. (Adenauer...

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Donald Marshall Jr.

stabbed Seale in the stomach. He then lunged at Marshall, cutting him on the arm. Although Marshall's wound was superficial, Seale died less than a day later. The four Sydney police officers that initially responded to the report of the stabbing, Constables Leo Mroz, Howard Dean, Richard Walsh and Martin MacDonald - did not do their job correctly. They did not cordon off the crime scene; search the area or question witnesses. None of the four officers dispatched to the scene even remained there to...

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Inspector Calls

that the man was not a police officer. He had met a police sergeant down the road told him about the inspector, his name and his description. Only to be told he was not in the force. Birling excitedly says the man’s a fake. He rings up the police constable and asks if an inspector Goole has joined your staff recently. He puts down the phone and informs the others that there’s no such person joined the police force called Goole. Mr and Mrs Birling and Gerald say that that has changed everything but...

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Law and Order in 19th Century London

the police their first nicknames; ‘Bobbies’ and ‘Peelers’. Since then the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Force has been responsible to the Home Secretary. Before the introduction of the Met. streets were patrolled by watchmen and parish constables, little is known about them but it is thought that they were probably relatively effective as they would have had knowledge of the local areas and their trouble makers. The original roles of the Metropolitan Police Force were to patrol the streets...

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Sir Robert Peel

Metropolitan Police have become. The law enforcement in the United States developed in the early years of colonization. The colonies took what the English was doing and developed their own system very similar to theirs. “Towns and villages appointed constables and sheriffs with powers very similar to their English counterparts.” (Grant & Terry, 2008) The sheriffs would help prevent crime here in the States. Another way to help prevent crime in the United States was organizing watch systems that originated...

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or pay, it was the responsibility of the citizens to monitor the behavior of community members. Policing relied heavily on community consensus and the willingness of citizens to assist in capturing criminals (Wilbur, 2000). Sheriff’s Posses and constables were consisting of able-bodied men, because their service was liable. The collection of taxes and the supervision of election was the responsibility of the county sheriff. The night watchmen were in charge of looking out for suspicious activities...

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Public Services

as not bring their service into distribute. Hierarchical command and rank structure of each service: When you join the police service you will begin your career as a probationary police constable. You have to complete two years of police service before you can affirmed as a fully fledged police constable. Every police officer within the UK is issued with a warrant number at their date of joining. This warrant number remains with them throughout their career and is visible on their shoulder epaulette...

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History Of The Police

states: “More than 350 years ago, America’s first known system of law enforcement was established in Boston. As soon as colonists had settled there in 1630, local ordinances had allowed for constables to be appointed. Soon after, in April 1631, the townspeople formed a “watch” made up of six watchmen, one constable, and several volunteers who patrolled at night, walking the rounds”. Historically, the duties of being a police officer were tough. Until the early 1900s, police officers were scarce and...

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Human rights and the violation of human rights in india

1995). The government has made available a list of security personnel punished for abuses. However, the list does not accurately describe the nature of the abuse, or when it was committed. In five years of conflict, the number of officers and constables jailed for terms of more than one year is fifteen. In other cases, punishments have been minimal. With a lack of accountability and all this corruption, there will not be any confidence in the justice system. Something needs to change! Child Labour ...

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Manohar Surve

was later used to loot 5,700 from Laxmi Trading Company near Currey Road. On 15 April, the gang savagely assaulted and almost killed Sheikh Aziz, an enemy of Sheikh Munir, near Kala Killa in the Dharavi slum. On 30 April, they stabbed two police constables when they were escorting gang rival, Vijay Ghadge to a police station in Dadar. The motive of attack was that these cops were enemies of Prakash Misal, associate of Manya. Borrowing the plot from a James Hadley Chase novel which he had read in...

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The Reality of Police Brutality

their power, abuse civilians and use their jobs to get away with breaking the law. Of course not every Police Officer is completely innocent. However, the media is constantly implying that the entire Police Force is corrupt; from the recruits and constables right up to the Chief Superintendent and Commissioner. What it comes down to is that the Police have power. Society used to teach that the police are the ones who enforce the law and are therefore, the ones who deserve the most respect and trust...

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frankpledge system. Under this system, citizens were appointed with the responsibility of maintaining order and controlling crime. Men were formed into groups of ten, called a tything. Ten tythings were grouped into a hundred and were supervised by a constable. Groups of ten hundreds created a shire, controlled by reeves. The word shire-reeve is the derivative of our current term sheriff (Uchida). In 1215, King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta, a document that guaranteed basic civil rights to citizens...

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Cja214 Week 1

” Sir Robert Peel’s principles dramatically influenced the first formation of policing in America. When America first started to colonize the structure of government was directly influenced by the English. Small towns and communities possessed a Constable, and Sheriff to maintain order, enforce the laws. The U.S. government is complied of many different departments in which dramatically assist the government in operating smoothly and efficiently. The first level of law enforcement...

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Criminal Justice Trends Criminal Justice Trends

implement fully the beat concept, Peel instituted his second most enduring innovation: The paramilitary command structure. While Peel believed overall civilian control to be essential, he also believed that only military discipline would ensure that constables actually walked their beats and enforced the law on London's mean streets, something their nonmilitary predecessors, the watchmen, had failed to do” (Patterson). Today’s criminal justice system has technology that Peel never could have imagined...

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Paramilitary Policing and It's History

paramilitary refers to a force whose function and organization are similar to the military. The Romans also had their own specialized force to protect them also. During the 18thcentury there was a time of social unrest and economic changes in England. The constables and the “watch system” could not do the jobs needed to combat that these changes. This led to the formation of the formal police force and eventually to the London Metropolitan Police, the first modern force that became a model for the police forces...

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Sir Robert Peel

Robert Peel laid the foundation for all the work. References Critchley, T.A. (1967} Evaluating Police Strategies A History of Police in England and Wales. London: Constable {Whig account} Retrieved from University Of Phoenix Student Library http://www.credoreference.com/entry/willanpolicing/metropolitan_police_new_police Norman Gash, Sir Robert Peel: the life of Sir Peel after 1830, London; Longman, 1986 ...

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Sir Robert Peel and His Influence

Metropolitan Police officers were called “Peelers” or “Bobbies” after Sir Robert Peel. Today police officers in London are still called “bobbies.” The police force was consisted of 17 divisions. Each division consisted of four inspectors and 144 constables. At first the citizens of London were not happy about Peel forming the London police force. They believed the government was trying to find ways to control them and take away their freedom of speech by placing people in jail that disagreed with...

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Police Department Roles

authoritarian management style”. The larger local police organizations usually have rank officers and unions. The local level of law enforcement has other agencies such as: Sheriff who patrols, investigates crimes and maintains the county jails; the Constable serves warrants and subpoenas, transports prisoners, provides district judges with security and post delinquent tax notices and serves divorce papers.; the , coroner/medical examiner who investigates death scenes, conducts autopsies and determines...

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CJA394 Policing Practices and Operations

over time the police force was successful in reducing crime and maintaining order. In 1636, Boston and other eastern cities in the American colonies mimicked the British experience by implementing a group of night watchmen who were supervised by constables at the local levels and sheriffs at the county levels, Boston did not create a daytime police force to supplement their night watchmen until 1838. It was not until 1900 that nearly every United States city had established a full- time police force...

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Stop and Frisk for Law

enforcement and clarity of what the restrictions are of police abusing their power. History In 1693court officials in Philadelphia responded to complaints about the congregating and traveling of Blacks without their master’s, by authorizing the constables and citizens of the city to “take up” any black person seen “gadding abroad” without a pass from his or her master. (Maclin, 1998) The order to stop and frisk any Negro found on the street did not distinguish between free and enslaved Blacks. (Maclin...

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