"Cerebrum" Essays and Research Papers


Cerebrum The cerebrum is the largest portion of the brain, and contains tools which are responsible for most of the brain's function. It is divided into four sections: the temporal lobe, the occipital lobe, parietal lobe and frontal lobe. The cerebrum is divided into a right and left hemisphere which are connected by axons that relay messages from one to the other. This matter is made of nerve cells which carry signals between the organ and the nerve cells which run through the body. Frontal Lobe: The...

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Dementia: Cerebrum and High Blood Pressure

frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus. Temporal lobe- responsible for vision,memory, language, hearing and learning Frontal lobe- responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions Parietal lobe- responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. Occipital lobe- responsible for processing information related to vision Cerebrum lobe- is responsible for for the biggest...

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Cerebrum and Dementia Care Unit-2

Unit-1, Q1. Explain what is meant by the term `dementia' Unit-1, Q2. Describe how dementia can affect a person if the following areas of the brain are damaged by dementia Frontal lobe: Parietal lobe: Temporal lobe: Occipital lobe: Cerebellum: Unit-1, Q3.Explain why the following may be mistaken for dementia a) depression b) delirium c) age related memory impairment Unit-1, Q4. Give an outline of the following models of dementia a) The medical model of dementia b) The social model of dementia Unit-1...

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Phineas Gage

the body functions, it also helps control the cognitive functions that differentiate human beings from other animals. Body process, thoughts and movements are controlled by the cognitive part of the brain. Cognitive functions result from the cerebrum. The cerebrum consists of the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe and the occipital area. The areas carry out different functions (Damasio, Grabowski &Frank, 1994). There are various types of cognitive functions. Examples of cognitive functions...

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The Brain & Its Functions

* It is the most complicated part of the brain, and it is what separates us as human beings from other animals. * When we first look inside the skull, what we see is the cerebrum. * The cerebrum is composed of two parts called hemispheres; the right side and the left side * The outer covering of the cerebrum is called the cortex * It is made up of what is called convolutions – the worm-like structures that you see when you look at the brain convolutions: folds in the brain...

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Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet

Deals with talking and hearing. 4. Occipital lobe Located at the back of each hemisphere of the brain, this is where you understand what you see 5. Frontal lobe Involved in organization and planning and inhibition control. 6. Cerebrum Largest and most developed part of the brain. Spinal cord 7. A long thick nerve going from the bottom of the brain to the spinal column. Carries information between the brain and body. 8. Cerebellum Known as the little brain. The functions...

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Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Cranial Nerves Exercise 19 Answers


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all about the brain

cortex and controls sleep and a wake states. It is positioned between the mid-brain and the fore-brain. Cerebrum, Latin for “brain” the biggest part of the brain which is made of 2 hemispheres (left & right). Located at its base is corpus callosum which is a deep groove It is here that things like perception, imagination, thought, judgment, and decision occur. The surface of the cerebrum, the cerebral cortex which is a gray matter(made up of cell bodies of neurons, which sit on top of a large...

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Parts Of The Brain And Their Function

studied. It is the most complicated part of the brain, and it is what separates us as human beings from other animals. When we first look inside the skull, what we see is the cerebrum. The cerebrum is composed of two parts called hemispheres. One is on the right side and one is on the left side. The outer covering of the cerebrum is called the cortex. It is made up of what is called convolutions – the worm-like structures that you see when you look at the brain. We can look at the cortex in another...

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Human Biology Chemical Messengers

Brain floats in the cranium, supported by CSF Therefore the cerebrospinal fluid protects, supports and transports. THE BRAIN THE CEREBRUM Largest part of the brain • Made up of left and right hemispheres • Consists of outer surface of grey matter 2 – 4mm thick, known as the cerebral cortex • Below the cortex there is white matter and deep inside the cerebrum there is additional grey matter called the basal ganglia. Basal ganglia: White matter: Grey matter: Cerebral cortex masses of grey...

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Brain Structures Worksheet

of the corpus striatum and it consists of the subthalamic nucleus and the substantial nigra (About.com, 2012). 2. Corpus collosum There is a thick band of nerve fibers and these are called the corpus collosum. This is what divides the cerebrum into two hemispheres, a left and a right. It creates communication between the left and the right sides by connecting them. It also transfers motor functions, sensory, and cognitive information between the two hemispheres (About.com, 2012). ...

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The Comparison of Nervous Systems in Humans, Cnidarians, Flatworms, and Annelids

into four different parts: the cerebrum, the cerebral cortex, the cerebellum, and the medulla oblongata. The cerebrum is the biggest section of the brain (Understanding the Basic Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Body). There are two sections of the cerebrum, the right and left hemispheres. The right side controls the left side of the body and the left side controls the right side of the body. As well as being the center for thought and intelligence, the cerebrum also contains control of sensory...

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Psy 240 the Brain

the mesencephalon that controls visual and audio responses (Ch.3 P.65). The tegmentum is the part of the mesencephalon that regulates awareness and attention, as well as motor functions. The Metencephalon is found under the posterior area of the cerebrum and above the medulla oblongata. This area of the brain is considered the hindbrain and is made up of the cerebellum which is the little brain and pons, which is also the major part of the mentencehalon. The functions of the metencephalon are: It...

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The Five Major Structure of the Brain

area of the brain carries signals between the body and the brain. The functions of the myelencephalon include autonomic functions, breathing, digestion, heart rate, swallowing, and sneezing. The mentencephalon is located under the rear area of the cerebrum and above the medulla oblongata. This structure is made up of the cerebellum and pons (the connection to the cerebellum). The functions of the metencephalon include arousal, balance, cardiac reflexes, muscle movement and maintenance, and sleep. Along...

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Comparison of Brain Structure in Mammals, Amphibians, and Birds

and birds, have similar features and functions. There is still a great difference in the size, and importance of these structures in the brain. For instance, the bird brain is small in size, yet still very complex. The size and complexity of the cerebrum and cerebellum is the most notable difference in these vertebrates. There are many similarities in the brain structure of the mammal, bird and amphibian. They have the several parts that are the same and perform the same function. For...

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The Phineas Gage Paper

coordinate all of the cognitive functions that separates human beings from other species. One or more areas of the cognitive brain control not only bodily processes, but also emotions, thoughts, and movements (Jeanty, 2009). The cerebral cortex, or cerebrum, is the section of the brain where cognitive functions originate from. The cerebral cortex, which takes up majority of the brain’s mass, is made up of four sections, or lobes. These four sections are: the frontal lobe, the temporal lobe, the parietal...

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Unit 13

control behavior and emotions parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness occipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to vision cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 explain why depression, delirium and age-related...

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Neuron and Senior Secondary Mastering

for HKCEE and HKALE questions are not available due to copyright restrictions.) Ch 16 Exercise Coordination in humans Multiple-choice questions (p. 16-29) 1 4 A A 2 5 A C 3 6 D B Short questions (p. 16-30) 7 a b Cerebral hemisphere / cerebrum / cerebral cortex / left hemisphere i 1 2 3 ii 8 B 1m SSA helps select or identify correct words from past experience or memory / understand the language / process written words. 1m It sends nerve impulses to muscles of the mouth and face to form...

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Phineas Gage

The wound was left open to drain. A few days later Gage's brain became infected and Maslow drained pus from the abscess under the scalp. Haslow, described the iron as entering the cranium, passing through the anterior left lob of the cerebrum, and exited in the medial line, at the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures, lacerating the longitudinal sinus, fracturing the parietal and frontal bones extensively, breaking up portions of the brain, and protruding the globe of the...

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Answer: Brain and Salivary Gland Secretion

expressive that involve logic, language and analytical thinking. and creative task. 2. Where is the front of the brain? Where is the back? Front of the brain is located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere 3. Label the cerebrum and cerebellum and describe their functions. Cerebral functions: controls complex Cerebellar functions: controls balance thought processes. And maintains muscle coordination...

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Psychology Study Guide

lesioning causes starvation in rats; ESB causes overeating. Pituitary gland | Cerebrum | Multiple layers densely packed; gray in colour; folded and fissured.Cerebral Cortex: convoluted outer layer.Two hemispheres connected via Corpus Callosum.Right hemisphere communicates with left side of the body; left hemisphere communicates with right side of the body.Four deep fissures divide four lobes. | The Four Lobes of the Cerebrum | Occipital Lobe: -Visual cortex. Parietal Lobe: -Somatosensory cortex. Temporal...

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The Brain

sleep and takes in information from your senses which allows you to hear, see, taste, and feel your face. Pons Pons is named after the Latin word for "bridge." The main job of this structure is to pass information between the cerebellum and cerebrum. In addition, it helps to send other messages to the brain, manage arousal feelings, and monitors respiration. Cerebellum The cerebellum is a structure attached to the bottom of the brain. This part of the brain is important because it helps...

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The Brain

cerebellum. The functions of the cerebellums also include posture maintenance and muscle movement coordination. The metecephalons functions are arousal, sleep; assist in controlling autonomic functions; such as sending sensory information between the cerebrum and cerebellum and controlling movement. For instance, if a person’s cerebellum just so happens to get damaged, an individual may show cognitive and sensorimotor deficits. The mesencephalon, known as the midbrain, is the next structure of the...

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Dementia and the Different Parts of the Brain Affected

tune quite fluently. Again, this is because there are different parts of our brain responsible for speaking and for singing. Below is an illustration of the side view of the outer layer of the brain (The cerebrum): Cortex (Cerebrum) The cortex, or cerebrum, is made up of two hemispheres (or sides) connected by a band of tissue called the corpus callosum.  These hemispheres control speech, intelligence, and memory.  There are specific centres for specific functions;...

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The link between the biological and cognitive features of Alzheimer's disease

disease neurons lose synapsal contact , die and shrivel up. Biologically, the most evident symptom is the brain atrophies and the vacuoles enlarge. The atrophy starts at the entorhinal cortex, then proceeds into the hippocampus and into the cerebrum, furthermore explaining why the memory is the first thing to be effected and deteriorate, Rodgers (2002). There are also detectable changes in the levels of several neurotransmitters: there are decreases in serotonin, acetylcholine and somatostatin...

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brain death determination

permanent loss of all brain functions, including cerebrum and brain stem due to total death of brain neurons that is caused by decrease of blood flow and oxygenation into the brain (ibid). This essay will discuss the main brain regions that have immediate cause of brain death and their functions, including the required tests of these regions, both clinical and confirmatory, for instance, the Electroencephalogram. The brain carries two major parts, cerebrum and brain stem. When they have any cause of...

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Neuro Study Guide

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ DIVISION OF THE BRAIN Forebrain * Cerebrum * 2 cerebral hemispheres with subcortical structures * Basal Ganglia * Limbic System* * Cortex * Hypothalamus * Controls ANS * Regulates basic biological drvies – feeding, mating, fighting, fleeing ...

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Brain and Reflex Behaviors

basic functions like breathing, bodily temperature, heart rate, sleep-wake cycle, has nearly finished growing. The Cerebellum which is the part that maintains balance and motor coordination grows fastest on during the first year of life. The cerebrum which is the largest part of the brain is separated into right and left hemispheres. Each hemisphere specializes in something. This specialization in hemispheres is called lateralization. The left hemisphere is mainly responsible for language and...

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Beh 225 Week 2

the diencephalon, the cerebellum, and the cerebrum. As general functions, it is in the brainstem where all information from sensory output is filtered. The diencephalon where the thalamus, hypothalamus and epithalmus are located also have filtering of sensory information functions and has centers regulating pain sensation, hunger, thirst, temperature, and circadian rhythms. The cerebellum regulates the body sense of balance and equilibrium. The cerebrum (comprised by corpus callosum, frontal lobes...

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hypothalamic nucleus (hunger) b) ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (satiety) *Hyperphagia- damage to VMHN *Hypophagia-damage to LHN 4. Subthalamus  a.k.a. prethalamus  forms part of extrapyramidal system CEREBRAL CORTEX (telencephalon/cerebrum)  largest part of the brain  higher brain functions  GM (cell bodies) outside  WM (fiber tracts inside)  2 hemisphere, 4 lobes FUNCTIONS: Left Right Analytical thought Holistic thought Logic Intuition Language Creativity Science and...

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Background Information for the Human Mind Science Fair Research

people will follow and trust what other people saw or do. The brain is made of three main major important parts: the forebrain, midbrain, and the hindbrain. One part of the three parts in the forebrain would be the cerebrum. The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain. The cerebrum is broken down into four major parts, called lobes: frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and the temporal lobe. The frontal lobe is associated with the reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions...

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Dementia Aawareness

* Parietal lobe- This is the part where letters are formed, putting things in order, sensory information from the body and spatial awareness. * Occipital information- This is responsible for processing information related to vision. * Cerebrum lobe- This is the biggest part of the brain that is affected. It is responsible for memory, attention, thought, consciousness, senses and movement. * Hippocampus- This is responsible for memory forming, organising and storing emotions. 1.3 Dementia...

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biological psychology

stimulus coming from the external environment. Autonomic Nervous System – controls the internal environment. Sympathetic branch – more of an excitatory effect. Parasympathetic branch – more of an inhibitory effect. Pineal gland -Situated at the mid-cerebrum Pineal hormone melatonin- helps pituitary glad its function Neurons Neurons – basic functional structure or unit of the nervous system Synapse—neurotransmitter- responsible for the transmission of information Neurons- responsible for adopting...

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Lobes of the Brain

Afterwards she describes how she experiences blind spots in her vision. The most likely reason for her symptoms is damage to her A parietal lobe. B occipital lobe. C frontal lobe. D temporal lobe. 4. The right hemisphere is the right half of the cerebrum, which predominantly controls A non-verbal functions. B verbal functions. C language processing. D language production. 5. The somatosensory cortex is an area in each of the A frontal lobes. B parietal lobes. C occipital lobes. D...

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Cygy Garments

the meaning. These individuals usually have no body weakness, because their brain injury is not near the parts of the brain that control movement. The brain has three main parts, the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brain stem. The brain is divided into regions that control specific functions. THE CEREBRUM: Frontal Lobe * Behavior * Abstract thought processes * Problem solving * Attention * Creative thought * Some emotion * Intellect * Reflection ...

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Intro to Psych - Neuroscience Notes

connects brain stem with cerebellum Sleep and arousal Midbrain – between hindbrain & forebrain Sensory processes (vision hearing) Reticular Muscle functioning, pain, breathing Regulation of sleep and arousal Forebrain – largest part of the brain Cerebrum – center of complex thought Cerebral cortex – outer layer Thalamus – sensory processes go to EXCEPT FOR SMELL Hypothalamus – regulation of basic biological needs Fighting Fleeing Feeding Mating Endocrine system – different glands produce...

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Psy 360 Phinneas Gage

and differentiate humans from all other faction (Ehow Health, 2011). The human brain is accountable for regulating all of a human’s physical processes, including emotions, thinking, and activity. All cognitive functions commence in the cerebrum which is also recognized as the cerebral cortex and this region build up most of the brain’s mass (Ehow Health, 2011). The cerebral cortex composed of four separate areas also identified as lobes. The four lobes are the subsequent: the frontal lobe...

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Brain and Behavior

Chapter 2 Brain and Behavior The cerebral cortex outer layer of the cerebrum has the two largest hemispheres that covers the upper part of the brain which are divided into smaller portion called lobes. Corticalization is an increase in size of the wrinkling of the cortex and without this we would not be any smarter than any other animal. Cerebral hemispheres are divided into right and left halves of the cortex connected by thick band axon fibers called corpus. Hemispheric specialization, testing...

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Psy 340 Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet

language comprehension, and memory. 4. Occipital lobe The portion of the (mammalian) brain that is responsible for visual processing. 5. Frontal lobe The lobe involved in organization, planning, and inhibition control. 6. 7. Cerebrum The largest and most highly developed part of the human brain. Spinal cord Portion of the central nervous system which carries information between the brain and the body. 8. Cerebellum Latin for “little brain” this structure is involved...

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A Taste of Colored Water Review

involved in many of our emotions and motivations, particularly those that are related to survival. Such emotions include fear, anger, and emotions related to sexual behavior.| Cerebellum| 1560s, from Latin cerebellum "a small brain," diminutive of cerebrum "brain."| A large projecting part of the brain concerned mostly with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium.| Amygdala  |"The tonsils," 1540s (amygdal), from Latin, from Greek amygdale "almond."|Amygdala is the integrative...

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Learning Experience

diencephalon holds arrangements such as the thalamus and hypothalamus which are accountable for purposes as motor control, transmitting sensory information, and monitoring autonomic functions. The telencephalon contains the biggest part of the brain, the cerebrum; the actual information processing in the brain takes place in the cerebral cortex. The midbrain and the hindbrain composed make up the brainstem. The midbrain is the percentage of the brainstem that connects the hindbrain and the forebrain. This...

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Forebrain - highest part a) Diencephalon b) Telencephalon/Cerebrum or Cortex - largest part of human brain, highly wrinkled (thought & action) Thalamus - major sensory relay center, regulates CNS & PNS Hypothalamus - ventral to thalamus (homeostasis, emotion, thirst, hunger, circadian rhythm, control of autonomic nervous system) [controls pituitary gland] Main structures a. Limbic system - collection of structures w/in forebrain (emotional brain in memories, emotions, decisions, motivation...

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Regions of the Brain

|Primary Function |Specific activities/ |Icons/ Keys foe for map | | | | |Processes | | |Cerebrum | the anterior portion of the|Determining Intelligence, |Vision, muscle coordination,|Eyes, ears, smiley face, | | |forebrain and is superior to|Determining Personality, |happiness, movement...

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attention, sleep and waking. The cerebellum was known for its contributions to the control of movement but the functions extend far beyond balance and coordination. Its is the dorsal outgrowth of the pons and it is similar in its structure to the cerebrum. Damage to the cerebellum causes difficulties in attention between auditory and visual stimuli. Moreover people with cerebellar damage are clumsy and have difficulties with coordinated movements. As the name implies the midbrain is the middle...

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Psych Chapter 2 Outline

by endocrine glands Pituitary Gland Gland located in the brain that secretes human growth hormones and influences all other hormone-secreting glands (also known as the master gland) Pineal Gland Endocrine gland located near the base of the cerebrum; secretes melatonin Thyroid Gland Endocrine gland found in the neck; regulates metabolism. Pancreas Endocrine gland; controls the level of sugar in the blood. Gonads Sex glands; secrete hormones that regulate sexual development and behavior...

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Review Question

Describe what each technique is measuring: EEG, PET scan, and fMRI 11. Describe the major function of each of the following brain parts: pons, medulla, cerebellum, reticular activating system, thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, cortex (cerebrum), corpus callosum, right and left hemispheres. 12. Describe the function of the following cortical areas: 4 lobes (frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal), motor cortex, somatosensory cortex (sensory cortex), visual cortex, auditory cortex, Broca’s...

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Biological Theories and Criminal Behavior

the brain’s neurotransmitters, injuries, trauma, or abnormalities involving the brain affecting behavior (Raine, 2002). Brain development is a biological theory providing information connecting damage of the frontal lobes located in the brain’s cerebrum to criminal behavior. The brain is similar to a computer sending messages to the body and when the messages cannot be delivered it is because of a dysfunction that has occurred in the brain. The frontal lobes and the limbic system are two of the...

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Psychology paper

pituitary. Also, the medulla is involved in emotional behavior such as rage, terror, and pleasure. The hypothalamus is located right below the thalamus and is surrounded by the corpus callosum. As well as being right below the temporal lobe. The cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres and covered by a thin layer of unmyelinated cells called the cerebral cortex, it processes thought, vision, language, memory, and emotions. The cerebral cortex takes up most of the room in a skull accounting for 80%...

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the body. 9. The part of the brain that is divided into left and right hemispheres, as well as four lobes. 10. The lobe of the brain near the temples, which includes the primary auditory cortex and language centers. ________________ The cerebrum (or forebrain), which makes up 75% of the brain by volume and 85% by weight, is divided by a large groove, known as the longitudinal fissure, into two distinct hemispheres. The left and right hemispheres ("left" and "right" refer to the owner's point...

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What Is Psychology Ch 1,2,3

formation Study sets with a 'reticular formation' term meaning 'a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal. 21) Which part of the brain forms the outside covering of the hemispheres? d) The cortex The cerebrum or cortex is the largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action. The cerebral cortex is divided into four sections, called "lobes": the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe...

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effects of alcohol on the human brain

describes the brain as having three primary divisions namely; the hindbrain, the midbrain and the forebrain, one evolving into the other, and each division of the brain the are a number of structures, for example in the forebrain you will find the cerebrum, thalamus, hypothalamus, and in the hindbrain you most likely to find the cerebellum, the medulla, and pons. The use of alcohol affects the functioning of the brain through many dissimilar mechanisms which include effects on ion channels, neurotransmitter...

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more active brain cells from less active ones. Much more detailed image than an a PET. It pinpoints not only the area of the brain, but the region as well. The Layers of the Brain The three layers of the brain are the brain stem, limbic system, cerebrum. Hypothalamus- manages the body’s internal state- homeostasis. Home to pleasure centers and regulating the bodys response during emotion arousal by sending messages to the internal organs. Optic Tract- vision Amygdala- involved in memory and...

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Cerebrum Lecture Trans by Dr. JL Pascual

TOPIC OUTLINE I. Overview of Central Nervous System A. Architecture of the Cerebrum B. Components of the Cerebrum C. Building a Brain II. External Anatomy A. Frontal Lobe B. Parietal Lobe C. Temporal Lobe III. Internal Anatomy IV. Cross-Sectional Anatomy A. Cerebral White Matter B. Other Parts C. Clinical Correlations D. Additional Info Objectives: 1. Form: identify the different structures in the cerebrum a. Cerebral hemispheres b. External anatomy c. Lobes d. Fissures/sulci ...

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Cerebrum and Dementia Syndrome Dementia

Unit Title: Unit sector reference: Level: Credit value: Guided learning hours: Unit expiry date: Unit accreditation number: Understand the process and experience of dementia DEM 301 3 3 22 31/03/2015 J/601/3538 Unit purpose and aim This unit provides the knowledge of the neurology of dementia to support the understanding of how individuals may experience dementia. Learning Outcomes The learner will: 1 Understand the neurology of dementia Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1.1 Describe a...

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Dementia: Cerebrum and Service User

 Date: ___________________________________________________________________________ STUDY PACK FOR Unit 4222 - 365 Understand the process and experience of dementia Learning outcomes: 1: Understand the neurology of dementia 2: Understand the impact of recognition and diagnosis of dementia 3: Understand how dementia care must be underpinned by a person centred approach Resources Outcome 1 Describe a range of possible causes of dementia....

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A Tour of the Brain

Author Note This paper is being submitted on XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX General Psychology. A Tour of the Brain The brain is the control center of the human body. It is protected by the skull and is made up of three main parts, the cerebrum, the cerebellum and the Brainstem. The brain is the boss of the body, it runs the show and controls just about everything one does, even when one’s asleep. (Kidshealth, n.d.) During this brief tour guide of the brain, one will see how the brain fits...

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Nervous System Practice Quiz

functions, such as creativity and analytical skills, are centered in the ______. -Cerebrum A physician friend of yours is telling you about a patient with a head injury who suddenly stopped breathing during the examination. What portion of the brain was probably injured? -Medulla oblongata Which one of the following structures constitutes the mammalian forebrain? -Thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, and cerebrum After a stroke, Bill can feel his left leg but is unable to move it. His neurologists...

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Three Components of the Brain

literally in some cases be just like a “vegetable.” Our brain is composed of three major components: 1) cerebrum, 2) cerebellum, and 3) brain stem. The cerebrum’s major function is to generate our thoughts and controls our movement. Also known as the cerebral cortex, if you could open your skull and look at what lies underneath, that big wrinkly pinkish grey matter that’s there would be the cerebrum, better pictured as a walnut as many would say. Now, in order for our brain to help control and regulate...

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Chapter 12 Discussion Questions

(hindbrain) - becomes metencephalon (afterbrain) and myelencephalon (spinal brain) 2. What is the advantage of having a cerebrum that is highly convoluted? What term is used to indicate its crooves? Its outward folds? What groove divides the crebrum into two hemispheres? What divides the parietal from the frontal lobe? The parietal from the temporal lobe? Convoluted cerebrum allows more neurons to occupy the limited space ridges are called gyri shallow grooves are called sulci and deeper grooves...

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 Region of the Brain Location Primary Function Cerebrum In humans, the cerebrum is the superior-most region of the central nervous system Cerebellum The cerebellum is located in the posterior fossa of the skull, dorsal to the pons and medulla from which it is separated by the Aqueduct of Sylvius and the fourth ventricle. Brain stem The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord. Frontal lobe They are positioned...

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