Dementia: Cerebrum and High Blood Pressure

Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Cerebrum, Cerebral cortex Pages: 3 (953 words) Published: April 17, 2013
1.Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term 'dementia' A syndrome due to disease of the brain, usually of a chronic progressive nature in which there are multiple disturbances of higher cognitive function. These include impairment of memory, thinking and orientation, learning ability, language and judgement. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus. Temporal lobe- responsible for vision,memory, language, hearing and learning Frontal lobe- responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions Parietal lobe- responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. Occipital lobe- responsible for processing information related to vision Cerebrum lobe- is responsible for for the biggest part of the brain its role is memory, attention, thought and our consciousness, senses and movement. Hippocampus- responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Because they both manifest with similar symptoms. Depression coupled with age related memory impairment looks the same as dementia to the untrained eye. The difference is that depression delirium responds to treatment with anti depressants, once you get on top of the depression you can put age related memory loss into perspective. If it is genuine dementia it won't get any better. 2.Understand key features of theoretical models of dementia 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, dis empowering and devaluing individuals 2.2 Outline the social model of...
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