Quiz 1 Study Guide

Topics: Tourism, World Tourism Organization Pages: 6 (1392 words) Published: October 20, 2014
Quiz 1
Study Guide - HTM 2454

The following is a general guide that will provide some direction and guidance in your studying for Quiz One (chapters 1-4). Please contact me if you have any questions, or if any of these categories are unclear to you (via the Chat Room of course)!

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective
The definition of tourism
What four things does tourism include?
1. The tourist
2. The business providing goods & services
3. The government of the host community or area
4. The host community

Who is a tourist? US definition and UNWTO definition
US Definition
A tourist is one who travels away from home for a distance of at least 50 miles (one way) for business, pleasure, personal affairs or any other purpose except to commute to work, whether he stays there overnight or returns the same day UNWTO Definition

Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes

Types of tourism (International, Internal, Domestic, National) International
Inbound (visits to a country by nonresidents)
Outbound (visits by residents of a country to another country Internal
Visits by residents and nonresidents of the country of reference Domestic
Visits by residents of a country to their own country
National
Internal tourism plus outbound tourism (the resident tourism market)

Types of Travelers (Same-day visitors/excursionists, tourists, recreationists) Same-day visitors
Visitors who don’t spend the night
Tourists
Visitors who stay in the country at least one night
Recreationists
Participating in leisure activities within 50 miles of residence Recreationists, commuters, migrants and students are often excluded from being identified as travelers

World/regional tourism trends (job growth, international arrivals, tourism earners, etc)

Types of approaches to the study of tourism
Institutional Approach
Considers only the institutions that directly perform tourism activities  hotels, motels, travel agents… If you only examine tourism from this perspective, you miss non-tourism organizations and institutions (hospitals, manufacturers, etc.) Size of the US tourism industry, arrivals, future growth, etc. Leading countries in tourist arrivals

Leading countries in tourism receipts/expenditures
General Benefits and Costs of Tourism
Benefits
Employment opportunities
Increased income
Diversify the economy
Reinforces preservation of heritage and tradition
Tax revenue
Promotes understanding and peace
Costs
Environmental destruction
Inflation
Social problems from tourist and locals clashing
Commercializes culture, religion and the arts
Acculturation
Culture changes that occur in a host community in order to attract and appease tourists (long-term). Cultural Drift
more temporary, cyclical cultural changes (occur only during high tourist season for example). Demonstration Effect
society adopts culture norms and mores of the tourists society (wearing trendy designer label shoes, listening to music from the guests culture).

Chapter 2: History of Tourism
Contributions from each of the major civilizations touched on in the book Sumerians
First to use:
Money
Writing
The wheel
Travel agents
The founders of travel and modern humanity
Egyptians
Earliest known tourist attractions were the sphinx and the pyramids at Giza Along with the Sumerians, they also were into acquiring souvenirs Egypt was probably the location of the first cruise (along the Nile) Romans

The first pleasure travelers, first beach goers
First great elaborate road/highway builders
Traveled up to 100 miles a day using relays of horses
Greeks
Olympic games – offered athletic performance, sacrifice, religious observance, and artistic performances Took museums to the next level (from “OK” to Great!)
Developed great art collections in Greek temples
Herodotus, Greece’s...
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