INVESTIGATING TRAVEL AND TOURISM SECTOR
INVESTIGATING TRAVEL AND TOURISM SECTOR
HUSSAIN SHUHAD Student id: 34218
TARVEL AND TOURISM BATCH 13 FACULTY OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURSIM STUDIES HUSSAIN SHUHAD Student id: 34218
TARVEL AND TOURISM BATCH 13 FACULTY OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURSIM STUDIES
* The different components of travel and tourism industry (aiming to M1) * The roles and responsibilities of travel and tourism organization from different sectors (D1) * Recent developments that have shaped the present day travel and tourism industry, and key trends and factors that will affect the future development travel and tourism industry ( aiming toM2)
The different components of travel and tourism industry (aiming to M1) Tourism can be defined as the temporary short term movement of people, to a destination outside the place they normally live or work. According to the world tourism organization (1993) tourism is “the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”. For example, a girl travelling to England to visit her family relatives during her study break. Types of tourism can be divided into three categories. That is domestic, inbound and outbound tourism. Domestic tourism is when people take holidays, short breaks and day trips in their own country. It also represents the lifeblood of the tourism industry. A simple example for domestic tourism can be a couple from Birmingham goes to Manchester for one week visit. Moreover the volume of domestic tourism is influenced by a number of factors. That is the size of the country, the distribution of the population within that country and its proximity to other countries, which influence the array of tourism choices available to residents. A large country with a widely dispersed population that has few neighbor’s, like the United States, generates proportionately more domestic tourism than a small country with many neighbor’s, like Belgium. Inbound tourism is defined as, when people enter the country from their own country of origin or another country which is not their home. Example for this kind of tourism is students from Spain come to London for a visit. And the outbound tourism can be defined as people travel away from the country where they normally live. A family from new quay decides to give London a miss this year and taking two weeks holiday in Italy. Travel and tourism is made up of different components which work together to provide holidays and other travel products to clients in this industry. The most important 9 components in travel and tourism industry are Accommodation, Transport, Attractions, Travel agents, Tour operators , Ancillary services, Trade association and regulatory bodies, Tourism development and promotions. Accommodation is one of the main sectors in travel and tourism. It is important because when people go on holiday they need a place to stay. Therefore different types of accommodation facilities are available in travel and tourism industry. Hotels, bed and breakfast, guest houses, self-catering, villas camping's and caravanning's are some important types of accommodation. Accommodation can be divided into two types. That is serviced accommodation and self-catering accommodation. Serviced accommodation refers service being offered along with an overnight stay. The most common type of serviced accommodation is hotel. Even though motels, guest houses, bed and breakfast (B&B) establishments, inns, youth hostels and farm guest houses includes in serviced accommodation. Self-catering...
References: World tourism organization, definition of tourismhttp://unwto.org/
ray youell, BTEC national travel and tourism textbook1, Heinemann Educational Publishers, Oxford.
Ray youell, tourism an introduction, 1998, imprint of Pearson education, UK.
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