A Theoretical Model Investigating the Ability of Perfectionism, Organisation, Self-Efficacy, Financial State and Efficiency in Predicting Stress Within Students.

Topics: Stress, Correlation and dependence, Occupational health psychology / Pages: 12 (2775 words) / Published: May 18th, 2013
A Theoretical Model investigating the ability of perfectionism, organisation, self-efficacy, financial state and efficiency in predicting stress within students.

Abstract:
This was a cross-sectional study that investigated the phenomenon of stress within students. The study investigated five factors; perfectionism, organisation, self-efficacy, financial state and efficiency, to determine whether they were potential predictors of stress. The study was completed through an online survey with a sample of 51 students. An overall significant result was found, showing the variables together to be a predictor in stress. However, perfectionism was the only variable found to be significant in predicting stress alone.

Introduction:
Stress is a phenomenon that affects us cognitively and physiologically. By definition, stress is any uncomfortable “emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes.” (Baum, A. 1990). Some stress can be beneficial to us, providing us with the energy to deal with particular situations. However, excessive levels of stress can have detrimental effects on our health.

When looking at the impacts of stress, there are many approaches, which offer explanations. One comes from Lazarus , R. (1984) in his Cognitive Appraisal model (CAM), which shows that stress is not only a result of external stimuli but also dependent on individual’s perceptions of the stressor and their ability to cope.

A similar model was put forward by Selye, H. (1936) to describe the biological impact of stress through a General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). This model also has three phases, demonstrating that if the body is in a state of arousal for too long, it becomes incapable of providing constant energy and can negatively impact the immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine and central nervous systems (Anderson, N.B. 1998).

The present research aimed to look at a selection of personality traits and how they affect stress



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