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Health And Wellness In The United States

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Health And Wellness In The United States
Chapter 1 - In Review

How are health and wellness defined?
Health is defined by the World Health Organization as a state of complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being, not just the absence of disease. Wellness is defined as the process of adopting patterns of behavior that lead to better health and greater life satisfaction, encompassing several dimensions: physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, interpersonal or social, environmental, and, in some models, occupational. Very often, people want to have good health as a means to achieving wellness, an optimum quality of life.

What factors influence a person’s health?
Individual health-related behavior choices play a key role in health, but economic, social,
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The process of changing a health behavior (for example, quitting smoking, changing your diet) has been conceptualized in the Stages of Change Model as unfolding over several “stages of change,” from precontemplation to maintenance of new behavior.

What health-related trends are occurring in our society?
As the United States becomes more multiethnic and multicultural, concepts of health and wellness from other cultures are being integrated into Western health care. At the same time, advances in medicine and health care have not reached many minority groups in the United States. Eliminating health disparities among different segments of the population is one of the broad goals of the national health initiative Healthy People 2020.

What health challenges do we face?
Health challenges for individuals include learning to be more informed consumers of health information and making lifestyle decisions that enhance rather than endanger their health. Health challenges for society include finding a balance between the freedom of individuals to make their own choices and the responsibility of society to protect individuals from poor choices and to offer increasing access to affordable health
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How is mental illness treated?
The two broad approaches to treatment are medications and psychotherapy. Both are effective.

What is stress?
Stress is defined as a general state of the body, mind, and emotions when an environmental stressor has triggered the stress response. It can be thought of as a transaction between an individual and a stressor, mediated by personal variables that include the person’s perceptions and appraisal of the event. The stress response, also known as the fight-or-flight response, is the set of physiological changes that occurs in the body in the face of a threat.

What are the main approaches to managing stress?
Stress can be managed by using stress reduction strategies such as time management and eliciting social support; by maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, exercise, and adequate sleep and that excludes self-medicating with alcohol, drugs, and tobacco; and by practicing relaxation techniques. These techniques include deep breathing, progressive relaxation, visualization, yoga, t’ai chi, biofeedback, and affirmations. Chapter 4 - In Review

How is spirituality

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