Stress and well-being

Better Essays
This paper will discuss the different definitions of stress, it will then go on to discuss how stress affects an individual by describing and evaluating two different models of stress.

There have been various ways that stress has been defined. Stress in general terms is an emotive word which can be related to harmful and negative events. In psychological terms, individual differences make stress difficult to define as what is stressful to one, may not be stressful to another. Twining (1998) defined stress as “any situation or circumstance that threatens or that we believe will threaten our normal functioning and our ability to cope.” Personally, I think this is a good definition of stress as it takes into consideration that stress can be dealt with differently depending on how we individually perceive the situation that we are presented with.

Stress as a response is a definition where the key mediating factor is how a person perceives or interprets the stress as this will depend on how they feel and respond. As an example, losing a mobile telephone to one person may be stressful and cause the person to get very tense and frustrated another person may move on from the situation without feeling stressed. Masuda, Holmes and Rahe (1967) proposed a demand based theory of stress, they described this as when a person experiences life event stress or a change in environment, for example an individual who has suffered a marital breakdown or lost their home. Therefore, unlike the response based definition, the stress is the independent variable. The transactional definition of stress combines stress as a response and demand together as well as taking into consideration how the interpretation of a stressor will affect different people on an individual basis. This definition assumes that when an individual is facing a stressor that they are able to evaluate the situation and their response will be dependent on how they react to the demands. For example, someone who

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    All Stressed Out

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages

    This activity examines the way that psychologists conceptualize stress, emphasizing that stress is a biopsycho-social process. You will explore the sources of stress in your own life, review your body’s…

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Stress is difficult to define because it is approached in different ways. Some use the term stress referring to circumstances that threaten someone’s well-being or referring to the response people have to threatening circumstances. Others think of stress as the process of evaluating and coping with threatening situations. Yet some use the term to refer to the experience of being threatened by difficult circumstances. Researchers agree that stress is subjective. People don’t have the same response to the same situations. Instead, stress depends on how people consider or evaluate environmental events. If people believe that a challenge will severely exceed their resources, they experience stress.…

    • 741 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    According to the International Stress Management Association, “stress is perceived in the mind, suffered in the human spirit, experienced via the emotions, expressed in behavior, and held in the body”.…

    • 810 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Understanding Health

    • 1413 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Stress is the result of varying demands on our individual resources, caused by factors present in our lives. Examples from chapters three, five and seven will be used to discuss and explain how individual, family, locality or society levels can influence stress. Every person reacts differently to stress depending on their individual characteristics.…

    • 1413 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    CTV Newsnet Case Analysis

    • 2751 Words
    • 12 Pages

    5. McGrath, J.E. (1970). A conceptual formulation for research on stress. In J.E. McGrath(Ed.), Social and psychological factors in stress. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston.…

    • 2751 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Concept Analysis Stress

    • 2074 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The purpose of this concept analysis paper is to examine the current definitions and uses of the word stress, and enhance the understanding of the concept with the expectation of finding a working definition that can be put into practical use. The concept analysis will be completed with the use of the Walker and Avant method. This method is typically composed of 8 steps, of which only six will be included in this concept analysis: (1) selecting a concept, (2) determining the aims of the analysis, (3) identifying the uses of the concept, (4) determining the defining attributes, (5) identifying antecedents and consequences, and (6) defining empirical referents.…

    • 2074 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Stress in Workplace

    • 1735 Words
    • 7 Pages

    In this essay it is my intention to show how stress appears in working environment, what causes it and how it affects the workplace. I will start by defining what stress is and how it might be perceived. Then I will take a look at the factors that cause stress and how these might show in result when working. I try to look at all the possible reasons for stress and through that hopefully to show how to avoid a stressful environment. I will not try to put straight answers on to paper, but to think why workers might be stressed, and how this affects the organisation instead of just saying that things are like that because they just are.…

    • 1735 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Selye's Stress Theory

    • 2590 Words
    • 11 Pages

    That is the reason why this academic piece of work will deal with the question of what stress…

    • 2590 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Stress has been categorized as an antecedent or stimulus, as a consequence or response, and as an interaction. It has been studied from many different frameworks (or perspectives?). For example, Selye proposed a physiological…

    • 4477 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Stress in the Workplace

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Other sources such as Ivancevich and Matteson define stress as “the interaction of the individual with the environment” (Luthans 2002 pg 396) They go on to define stress as “an adaptive response, mediated by individual differences and/or psychological processes, that is a consequence of any external (environmental) action, situation, or event that places excessive psychological and/or physical demands on a person.”…

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Stress

    • 1681 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Stress is something that has become prevalent in our society, more so now than ever before. Demands from everyday life have certainly increased, creating more stress in our lives and potentially affecting our health and wellbeing. The purpose of this essay is to discuss stress and the effects it can have on our behavioural responses. Firstly, it will give an overview of stress, as well as discuss physical and mental concerns bought about by excessive stress and factors that contribute towards it. It is important to point out that certain types of stress can also have positive effects on one’s health and well-being, although this essay will focus on the adverse effects. This essay continues on to discuss the unhealthy and ineffective behaviours that individuals adapt in order to cope with their stress. Lastly, it will point out some simple but effective ways of coping and common stress management strategies.…

    • 1681 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Causes of Stress

    • 300 Words
    • 1 Page

    Nowadays, the life is becoming hurry and busy. There will never be more hours in the day. If you failed to handle and managed your daily life properly, you may got stuck in a problem called ‘STRESS’. Stress can be define as our body’s way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. Stress also is a response to an inappropriate level of pressure. There are three major causes of stress which are health, money and time management.…

    • 300 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Stress and It's Effects

    • 709 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Stress is the emotional and physical way in which we respond to pressure, it is a strain on our body caused by that pressure. Stress can cause physical and mental symptoms, it affects people differently. Stress is not only brought on by unpleasant events but by happy changes as well. Such as having a new baby, buying a house and weddings etc. It is almost impossible to live without stress. The problem is if the stress gets out of control then it can harm your health, relationships, job and your enjoyment of life.…

    • 709 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Management Decison Making

    • 426 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Stress is the immediate and unpleasant reaction people have to extreme pressure placed on them from new demands, constrains, or opportunities. Stress isn’t always bad; in fact some stress can be…

    • 426 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    stress management

    • 2502 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Stress is a pressure or tension exerted on a material object. It is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances.…

    • 2502 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Good Essays