what should the media do to help reduce corruption in nigeria By: Amoka Eunice O. 08BE07309
The destructive impacts of corruption in the lives of nations throughout the world is acknowledged. Corruption is one factor that can impede the accelerated socio-economic transformation of developing countries of the world (Alawode, 2008). Corruption can be defined as the misappropriation of public resources to private ends (Ojo, 2003). Adeyemi (2013), also defines corruption as efforts to secure wealth or power through illegal means or private gain at public expense. He also defines corruption as a misuse of public power for private benefit. According to Camaj (2013), corruption is characterized by the abuse of public power for personal gain or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance. Ojo (2003), states that a cause of corruption can be the disappearance of good moral and ethical values. According to Adeyemi (2013), corruption is a worldwide phenomenon and there is hardly any society without one form of corruption or the other. The author also states that corruption is seen as one of the major impediments to the economic development of the nation. Corruption is a bane of Nigeria’s socio-economic development which threatens the existence of Nigeria as a political entity. Many scholars have argued that Nigeria has a long history of corruption which could be traced to independence. Today, corruption is regarded as an indispensable factor of the Nigerian psyche. Today, the word ‘Nigerian factor’ has been registered in the vocabulary of Nigerians to connote corrupt practices (Adeyemi, 2013). The history of corruption in Nigeria is strongly rooted in the over 29 years of military rule. All the military regimes subdued the rule of law, facilitated (Ojo, 2003). Corruption remains a symptom of a poorly functioning state as witnessed in most developing countries such as Nigeria. Indeed, those who give and receive bribes can drain a nation’s wealth leaving little for its poorest citizens; it is therefore imperative that all and sundry should engage in the fight against corruption. The media in combating corruption
A critical element of a country’s anti-corruption program is an effective media. The media raises public awareness about corruption, its causes consequences and possible remedies (Ojo, 2003). One of the major issues that should engage the attention of the media today is the anti-corruption war (Adeyemi, 2013). Beach (2002) states that the media should act as ombudsmen over society. She also adds that in China, recent advances in the quality and range of reporting are due to hard-fought efforts by local reporters and editors who are aggressively exposing the wrong doings of local officials and other powerful interests. In Nigeria just like other societies, the mass media transmit ideas and new information to target audiences. This implies that they are responsible for most of the adjustment in the behavioral pattern of people in the society. It is the role of the mass media in a democratic setting to keep the citizenry well informed. Unless citizens have adequate and accurate information on all the issues and problems confronting them, they will be made to take enlightened decisions on them. The media therefore can act as a channel between the people and the authorities. They can as a day-to day parliament of the people. Media can expose the corruption, waste, inefficiency and negligence on the part of the authorities, through constant vigilance and reports on cases of infringement of rights and by exposing brutality and repression. According to Ojo (2003), the most obvious examples of media potential for curbing corruption can be seen when politicians or other senior public officials lose their jobs as a consequence of the public outcry or legal proceedings that follow the fearless reporting on corruption. It is believed in many quarters that media practices are guilty of allegations of...
References: Adeyemi, A. (2013). Nigerian Media and Corrupt Practices: the need for Paradigm Shift. European Scientifc Journal, 9(1), 119-136.
Alawode, O. M. (2008). The Destructive Impacts of Corruption in the Lives of Nations. 4th National Conference School of Arts and Social Science. Ilesha: Osun State College of Education.
Beach, S. (2002). Local Media and the Fight against Corruption in China. Harvard Asia Quarterly, 37-40.
Camaj, L. (2013). The Media 's Role in Fighting Corruption: Media effects on Governmental Accountability. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(1), 21-42.
Ojo, E. O. (2003). The Mass Media and the Challenges of Sustainable Values in Nigeria: Possibilities and Limitations. Media, CUlture and Society, 25(6), 821-840.
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