Thesis statement: Several studies have shown a link between poor treatment of women and international violence. These studies show that one of the best predictors of inters- and international violence is the maltreatment of women in the society. I. Violence against women is a major public health problem and a violation of human rights. A. Intimate partner and sexual violence are serious problems that affect a large proportion of women, in both stable societies and in conflict and crisis.
B. It may have serious, consequences for their physical, mental and sexual and reproductive health. 1. Sexual and reproductive health: Violence against women is associated with sexually transmitted infections such as HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies, gynecological problems, induced abortions, and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage, low birth weight and fetal death. 2. Being a victim of violence is widely recognized as a cause for mental health problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and panic attacks.
C. Lack of access to education and opportunity, and low social status in communities are linked to violence against women.
1. Discrimination is a key driver of poverty and women often face discrimination on multiple grounds, they may be denied their rights because they are women and because they belong to a marginalized group. II. Health effects
A. Injuries: Physical and sexual abuse by a partner is closely associated with injuries. Violence by an intimate partner is the leading cause of non-fatal injuries to women.