Unit 1 Psychology Notes

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Topics: Psychology
Unit 1- Psychology’s History, Approaches, and Research Methods Content Master Map
People

1. Socrates –
Greek Philosopher; believed mind and body are separated. When the body dies, the mind lives on; Believes knowledge is innate; Ideas lead to introspection (looking into one’s mind)

2. John Locke –
Believed people were born with tabula rasa

3. Mary Whiton Calkins – student of James; memory research, 1st woman president of APA, was denied a Harvard Ph.d. because of her gender

4. John Watson - Behaviorist

5. Plato – Socrates’s student, Greek philosopher who believed that knowledge is innate

6. Thomas Hobbes - contributed materialism (idea that things that can be seen and observed) ; his ideas influenced behaviorism

7. Margaret Floy Washburn – Ph.d. student of Tichner, 1st woman to get ph.d in psychology, APA’s 2nd femal president, denied joining experimental psychology because of her gender

8. B.F. Skinner - behaviorist

9. Aristotle – believed the opposite of Socrates and Plato; Plato’s student, believed that we get knowledge through observing our world

10. Wilhelm Wundt – father of modern/scientific psychology, conducted first psychological experiment in 1979, intended to learn basic elements of consciousness, developed voluntarism (theory that attention is selective)

11. Carl Rogers - humanistic psychologist

12. Charles Darwin – contributed the idea that the genetic material of our ancestors are passed on and based on their ability to survive and flourish in an environment.

13. Rene Descartes – believed in dualism and mechanistic view (both the mind and body are separated from each other); humans are the exception to the mechanistic view (the brain and body are connected somehow because the brain controls the body and the body provides information for the brain to interpret); believed that animals are made to work like machines and in the cavities of an animal’s brain, they had fluid that had spirits that

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