Undestand Ways of Using Motivational Theories in Organizations

Topics: Motivation, Management, Leadership / Pages: 10 (2431 words) / Published: Jun 12th, 2012
Motivation is a term that refers to a process that elicits, controls, and sustains certain behaviors. For instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry, as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. Motivation is a general term for a group of phenomena that affect the nature of an individual's behaviour, the strength of the behaviour, and the persistence of the behaviour
Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene theory

Herzberg believed that businesses should motivate employees by adopting a democratic approach to management and by improving the nature and content of the actual job through certain methods. Some of the methods managers could use to achieve this are; Job enlargement – workers being given a greater variety of tasks to perform (not necessarily more challenging) which should make the work more interesting.
Job enrichment - involves workers being given a wider range of more complex, interesting and challenging tasks surrounding a complete unit of work. This should give a greater sense of achievement.
Empowerment means delegating more power to employees to make their own decisions over areas of their working.
ABRAHAM MASLOW’S HIERACHY OF NEEDS; Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970) along with Frederick Herzberg (1923-) introduced the Neo-Human Relations School in the 1950’s, which focused on the psychological needs of employees. Maslow put forward a theory that there are five levels of human needs which employees need to have fulfilled at work.
All of the needs are structured into a hierarchy (see below) and only once a lower level of need has been fully met, would a worker be motivated by the opportunity of having the next need up in the hierarchy satisfied. For example a person who is dying of hunger will be motivated to achieve a basic wage in order to buy food before worrying about having a secure job contract or the respect of others.


References: Wikipedia; the free encyclopaedia Maslow official website Maccoby official website Simons, J.A., Irwin, D.B., & Drinnien, B.A. (1987). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

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