Types of Research

Topics: Research, Scientific method, Hypothesis, Observation / Pages: 2 (434 words) / Published: Jul 15th, 2013
The different characteristics of research:

Research May be Applied or Basic
The purpose of applied research is to solve an immediate, practical problem.

Basic Research (Pure) adds to the existing body of knowledge; doesn't necessarily provide results of immediate, practical use.

Research May be Obtrusive or Non-Obtrusive

Obtrusive research - where the researcher introduces conditions that influence participants. Where the researcher manipulates the environment.

Non-obtrusive research - where researcher avoids influencing subjects in any way and tries to be as inconspicuous as possible.

Four Main Types of Research

Historical research - describes what was-mostly non-obtrusive

Descriptive research - describes what is-mostly non-obtrusive

Correlation research - makes comparisons, looking for trends or tendencies

Experimental research - describes what will be - mostly obtrusive

Historical Research
-A systematic process of searching for information and fact to describe analyze or interpret the past
Value-can provide prospective for decision making about current problems -issues are often better understood if we understand the historical perspective
Sources-must have good backed sources to protect from criticism -most common sources are past records

Descriptive Research
Describes, interprets, and clarifies what in the present -often done with surveys
-may be done by observation or an observational instrument

Developmental Research is one common type of descriptive research which involves the study of changes in behavior over a period of time.

Correlation Research
The purpose is to find relationships between two or more variable so to:
- Better understand the conditions and events that we encounter (what goes with what)
- To predict future conditions and events.
- Correlations do not show cause and effect

Experimental Research
An experiment is a research

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