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uiuc fshn 120 exam 1

By salandy13 Feb 23, 2014 10249 Words
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is released into which body organ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
The enzyme pancreatic amylase continues the digestion of
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
vitamins.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the term for an imitation treatment that has no known physical effect or therapeutic value on the subjects in a research study? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
placebo

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
Assuming the calories and relative sizes are similar, which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
piece of cheese

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Paula's doctor has advised her to decrease her salt intake to help control her high blood pressure. Which of the following foods should she cut back on to do so? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
processed meats

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
The need to drink larger and larger amounts of alcohol to get the equivalent pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol intake is referred to as Answer

Selected Answer:
  
tolerance.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
potentially toxic

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
According to the USDA Food Patterns, which of the following foods is NOT a food that is considered to have empty Calories? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
grapes

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
All of the following EXCEPT ___ describe a sustainable food system Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Are the least expensive foods available

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Because they are not nutrients, high intakes of phytochemical supplements are not harmful. Answer

Selected Answer:
 False

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
Excess sodium in the diet is linked to what disease in some individuals? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
hypertension

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
If Alexandra were to consume all of her protein from milk and cheese, she might develop which deficiencies over time? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
zinc and iron

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following groups should limit daily sodium intake to no more than 1,500 mg? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
people over age 50

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
Inorganic nutrients that are NOT broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
minerals.

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
The local food system is ________ than the global food system Answer

Selected Answer:
  
complimentary to

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
Which component of the large intestine helps to synthesize certain vitamins? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
intestinal flora

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
In the United States and Canada, what set of standards defines the recommended intake values for various nutrients for healthy people? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following sources of phytochemicals is thought to be the MOST beneficial to human health? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
whole foods

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the function of the bicarbonate that is released into the duodenum during the process of digestion? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
to neutralize the acidic chyme

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
The BRFSS is the government
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
survey that tracks lifestyle habits that increase risks for developing chronic diseases.

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
The "supersizing" phenomenon refers to the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
substantial growth in serving sizes of purchased meals.

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
Prevalent among U.S. Southerners during the early 1900s, pellagra was first thought to be an infectious disease. Today we know that it is caused by a deficiency of Answer

Selected Answer:
  
niacin.

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
Which physiological trigger(s) will result in the sensation of hunger? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
low glucose levels

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would NOT be a good practice for eating out healthfully? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Order cream-based soups to increase your calcium intake.

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
The brush border is located in the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine.

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
The chemical structure of alcohol is similar to which macronutrient? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrate

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
Mark weighs 254 pounds and would like to lose weight. He starts a walking program that expends 1.2 kcal/pound/hour. If he walks 45 minutes a day for one week, how many Calories will he burn in one week? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,600 kcal

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
There are many types of diet plans available today. The overall BEST diet plan is one that Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fits the lifestyle and needs of the individual.

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
What is chyme?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following conditions have probiotics been to shown assist with? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
diarrhea and lactose intolerance

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
Bob eats his breakfast, and his GI tract will now begin the process of digesting and absorbing the nutrients from this meal. What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
Moderate intake of alcohol for women is defined as how many drink(s) per day? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
The information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 Calories a day is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Percent Daily Values.

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Phytochemicals are nutrients necessary for sustaining health and life.

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
Dr. Sullivan is conducting a clinical trial to determine if vitamin Z can improve test performance of students in an introductory college nutrition course. Dr. Sullivan puts all the students' names in a hat and draws names to determine if they will be placed in the control or the experimental group. The experimental group receives a capsule of vitamin Z and the control group a "sugar pill" that tastes and looks identical to the vitamin Z capsule. Neither Dr. Sullivan nor the participants knows who is receiving which treatment. This experiment is BEST described as Answer

Selected Answer:
  
double-blind, random selection, placebo-controlled.

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
For dinner, Carol consumes 250 grams of carbohydrate, 50 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat. In addition, Carol decides that she wants a glass of wine with her meal. If she drinks one glass of wine containing 10 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does she consume in this meal? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,540 kilocalories

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
Prairie Fruits Farms produces all of the following EXCEPT
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
corn and soybean

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
Nutrition researchers studying agouti mice discovered a link between Answer

Selected Answer:
  
diet and gene expression.

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
On average, a healthy adult can metabolize the equivalent of how many drink(s) per hour? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
Which dietary standard, expressed as percentages of total energy, defines the recommended intake range for the macronutrients? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following nutrients is the MOST energy dense?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fat

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
What kind of food is one that provides a health benefit beyond basic nutrition? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
functional

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
The wavelike contractions that move food along the GI tract are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
peristalsis.

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
What term is commonly used to describe foods that are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
organic

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would cause intestinal distress for someone with lactose intolerance? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
whey

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
Joan's dinner contains 210 grams of carbohydrate, 60 grams of protein, and 52 grams of fat. What percent of kilocalories in this meal comes from carbohydrate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
54%

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
Hunger, as opposed to appetite, is BEST described as
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
a physiological desire or need to consume food.

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a function of water in the body? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
provides a source of energy to work and play

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
serving as a primary source of energy for the body

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
A set of principles developed by the USDA and the USDHHS to help reduce the risk of developing chronic disease is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement BEST describes nutrient density?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Consume foods that have the most nutrients for their Calories.

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Mark weighs 254 pounds and would like to lose weight. He starts a walking program that expends 1.2 kcal/pound/hour. If he walks 45 minutes a day for one week, how many Calories will he burn in one week? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,600 kcal

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would cause intestinal distress for someone with lactose intolerance? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
whey

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the function of the bicarbonate that is released into the duodenum during the process of digestion? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
to neutralize the acidic chyme

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Because they are not nutrients, high intakes of phytochemical supplements are not harmful. Answer

Selected Answer:
 False

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following does NOT occur in the acidic conditions of the stomach? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
pancreatic enzymes working effectively to digest carbohydrates, fats, and proteins

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a risk of drinking alcohol?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
increased brain function

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
Inorganic nutrients that are NOT broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
minerals.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
The chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth and function are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
nutrients.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
The information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 Calories a day is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Percent Daily Values.

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and Answer

Selected Answer:
  
variety.

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
Inside each villus of the small intestine are capillaries and a small lymph vessel called a(n) Answer

Selected Answer:
  
lacteal.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
Alcohol provides how many kilocalories per gram?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
seven

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is/are the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mitochondria.

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
Vitamin C and the B vitamins are termed
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
water-soluble vitamins.

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
What is represented at the base of the Mediterranean Diet and Pyramid? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
daily physical activity

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following BEST describes minerals?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
Which federal agency regulates functional foods?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
FDA

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
Milk is a good source of calcium but a poor source of iron. Meat is a good source of iron but a poor source of calcium. Individuals who eat from both of these food groups are incorporating what characteristic of a healthy diet into their meal plan? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
balance

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
When blood leaves the small intestine, it is routed directly through the portal vein to the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
liver.

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the leading federal agency in the United States that protects human health and safety? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following sources of phytochemicals is thought to be the MOST beneficial to human health? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
whole foods

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following nutrients is the MOST energy dense?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fat

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
Appetite is triggered by
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
environmental cues such as the smell or taste of food.

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
Lauren's friend has recommended that she take a vitamin C supplement before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. Which of the following nutrient standards would assist Lauren in determining the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
potentially toxic

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a health-promoting function associated with a high intake of plant-based foods? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
decrease in bone loss associated with the osteoporosis

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
The contents of the stomach when food is present is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
very acidic.

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
The "supersizing" phenomenon refers to the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
substantial growth in serving sizes of purchased meals.

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is an example of an inorganic nutrient? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
calcium (mineral)

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
The term used to describes the process in which foods are broken down into their component molecules is Answer

Selected Answer:
  
digestion.

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
"To gain credit, the FSHN 120, Journal entries must have _____ full days IN BETWEEN entries" Answer

Selected Answer:
  
5

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following statements is TRUE about the consumption of foods containing phytochemicals? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
reduce the risk of cancer

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
All nutrients are divided into how many classes?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
six

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
Proteins are NOT found in
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
water.

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
The brush border is located in the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine.

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
Which component of the large intestine helps to synthesize certain vitamins? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
intestinal flora

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
Paula's doctor has advised her to decrease her salt intake to help control her high blood pressure. Which of the following foods should she cut back on to do so? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
processed meats

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a tip for taking control of your alcohol intake? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Eat a meal or snack high in carbohydrates before having an alcoholic drink.

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
serving as a primary source of energy for the body

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
The label on a bag of potato chips indicates that one serving contains 250 Calories, with 150 Calories from fat. What percent of Calories comes from fat? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
60

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary function of mucus in the stomach is to
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
protect the stomach cells from gastric juices (e.g., HCl).

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
The FDA's Health Claims Report Card helps consumers evaluate Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the health and nutrition claims on packaged foods.

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
The chemical structure of alcohol is similar to which macronutrient? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrate

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that a healthful diet include proteins that are Answer

Selected Answer:
  
lower in solid fats and calories.

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR), up to what percentage of your daily calories should be provided by carbohydrate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
65%

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
Sodium bicarbonate is secreted by the pancreas and functions to Answer

Selected Answer:
  
neutralize stomach acid.

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would be an appropriate treatment approach for someone suffering from GERD? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
lose weight and quit smoking

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
The BRFSS is the government
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
survey that tracks lifestyle habits that increase risks for developing chronic diseases.

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
serving as a primary source of energy for the body

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
The government agency that regulates food labeling in the United States is the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
What recommendation does the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans make about consumption of saturated fats? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Less than 10% of total daily Calories should come from saturated fat.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
582 kilocalories

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is an example of an inorganic nutrient? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
calcium (mineral)

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
One teaspoon of salt contains about how many mg of sodium?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
2,300

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
"After FSHN 120 scores (for exams, quizzes, NAPs, extra credit - basically anything) have been posted in Compass, you have ____ to challenge the score" Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one week

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
A method for eating out healthfully is to
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
order any meat dish grilled or broiled and avoid fried or breaded meat dishes.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a tip for taking control of your alcohol intake? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Eat a meal or snack high in carbohydrates before having an alcoholic drink.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
The 2010 MyPlate was developed by the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
USDA.

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
The information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 Calories a day is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Percent Daily Values.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
Including fiber in your diet is beneficial to your GI tract, but consuming excess amounts of fiber can result in the loss of nutrients. This statement is an example of which of the factors to consider in planning diets? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
moderation

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
Which component of the large intestine helps to synthesize certain vitamins? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
intestinal flora

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a health-promoting function associated with a high intake of plant-based foods? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
decrease in bone loss associated with the osteoporosis

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
What is represented at the base of the Mediterranean Diet and Pyramid? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
daily physical activity

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
The distance a typical food travels from farm to table is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1500-2500 miles

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
Because they are not nutrients, high intakes of phytochemical supplements are not harmful. Answer

Selected Answer:
 False

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
The government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the United States is the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
USDA

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
What term is commonly used to describe foods that are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
organic

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the leading federal agency in the United States that protects human health and safety? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary source of fuel for the body is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrates.

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
A hypothesis or group of related hypotheses that have been confirmed through repeated scientific experiments is known as a(n) Answer

Selected Answer:
  
theory.

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
bile.

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Phytochemicals are nutrients necessary for sustaining health and life.

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is an example of disease that is directly caused by a nutritional deficiency? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
pellagra

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
Joan's dinner contains 210 grams of carbohydrate, 60 grams of protein, and 52 grams of fat. What percent of kilocalories in this meal comes from carbohydrate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
54%

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
Lauren's friend has recommended that she take a vitamin C supplement before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. Which of the following nutrient standards would assist Lauren in determining the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
To maintain a healthful weight, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends Answer

Selected Answer:
  
increasing the level of physical activity and reducing sedentary activities.

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
The first part of the small intestine is the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
duodenum.

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
A local food system can always be described by each of the following concepts EXCEPT Answer

Selected Answer:
  
better nutrition

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
Vitamin C and the B vitamins are termed
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
water-soluble vitamins.

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
Antioxidants neutralize
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
free radicals.

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Nutrition is an ancient science that dates back to the 14th century.

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the first step of the scientific method?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Observe a phenomenon.

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
What are the chemical messengers that trigger a physiological response, secreted from many glands of the body? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
hormones

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
For dinner, Carol consumes 250 grams of carbohydrate, 50 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat. In addition, Carol decides that she wants a glass of wine with her meal. If she drinks one glass of wine containing 10 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does she consume in this meal? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,540 kilocalories

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following statements is TRUE about the consumption of foods containing phytochemicals? Answer

Selected Answer:
   reduce the risk of cancer

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR), up to what percentage of your daily calories should be provided by carbohydrate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
65%

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a safe food-handling practice? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
thawing frozen food at room temperature on the kitchen counter

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
Eating the right amount of foods to maintain a healthy weight is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
moderation.

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
Salivary amylase beings the digestion of which nutrient in the mouth? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrate

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following nutrients is NOT organic?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
water

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following groups should limit daily sodium intake to no more than 1,500 mg? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
people over age 50

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
The term used in the 2010 USDA Food Patterns that describes the nutrient-poor Calories from solid fats and/or added sugars is Answer

Selected Answer:
  
empty.

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
The statement of identity on a food label indicates
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the common and identifiable name of the food product.

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
Immediately after absorption, most of the fat-soluble nutrients are carried through which system? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the lymphatic

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
When the stomach of an adult is full, it can expand to hold approximately Answer

Selected Answer:
  
4 cups of food or water.

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
The need to drink larger and larger amounts of alcohol to get the equivalent pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol intake is referred to as Answer

Selected Answer:
  
tolerance.

To a scientist describing nutrients, the term "organic" means nutrients that contain both carbon and hydrogen.

What is the primary source of fuel for the brain?
carbohydrates

Lauren's friend has recommended that she take a vitamin C supplement before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. Which of the following nutrient standards would assist Lauren in determining the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume? Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)

On average, a healthy adult can metabolize the equivalent of ________ drink/s per hour. one

The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collects dietary information of Americans by using a/n personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall.

Inorganic nutrients that are not broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called minerals.

Vitamin C and the B vitamins are termed
water-soluble vitamins.

Your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which of the following professionals is most likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet? registered dietitian (RD)

The type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group is called a(n) case control study.

The building blocks of proteins are called
amino acids.

Which dietary standard, expressed as percentages of total energy, defines the recommended intake range for the macronutrients? Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)

Irregular breathing, cold and clammy skin, and loss of consciousness are all signs of alcohol poisoning.

A "drink" is defined as the amount of a beverage that provides ________ fluid ounce of pure alcohol. one half

Which of the following is NOT a function of water in the body? provides a source of energy to work and play

The need to drink larger and larger amounts of alcohol to get the equivalent pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol intake is referred to as tolerance.

Proteins are NOT found in
water.

Which of the following is equivalent to one drink?
12 oz beer
4-5 oz wine
1.5 oz distilled

Which of the following nutrients is NOT organic?
water

What is the first step of the scientific method?
Answer
Selected Answer: Observe a phenomenon.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Alcohol provides ________ kilocalories per gram and has no appreciable nutritional value. Answer
Selected Answer: seven
Question 3
1 out of 1 points

The chemical structure of alcohol is similar to which macronutrient? Answer
Selected Answer: carbohydrate
Question 4
1 out of 1 points

The need to drink larger and larger amounts of alcohol to get the equivalent pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol intake is referred to as Answer
Selected Answer: tolerance.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Vitamin C and the B vitamins are termed
Answer
Selected Answer: water-soluble vitamins.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

The ________ is the primary site of alcohol metabolism in the body. Answer
Selected Answer: liver
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following is NOT a risk of drinking alcohol?
Answer
Selected Answer: increased brain function
Question 8
1 out of 1 points

What is the primary source of fuel for the brain?
Answer
Selected Answer: carbohydrates
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Dr. Sullivan is conducting a clinical trial to determine if vitamin Z can improve test performance of students in an introductory college nutrition course. Dr. Sullivan puts all the students' names in a hat and draws names to determine if they will be placed in the control or the experimental group. The experimental group receives a capsule of vitamin Z and the control group a "sugar pill" that tastes and looks identical to the vitamin Z capsule. Neither Dr. Sullivan nor the participants know who is receiving which treatment. This experiment is best described as Answer

Selected Answer: double-blind, random selection, placebo controlled. Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following BEST describes minerals?
Answer
Selected Answer: inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT required on a food label?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 taste of the food

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends a total daily cholesterol intake of

less than 300 mg.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following statements does NOT describe the Mediterranean-style diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 The diet is lower in total fat than the U.S. dietary recommendations.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
The statement of identity on a food label indicates
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 the common and identifiable name of the food product.

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Moderate alcohol consumption for men is defined as consuming no Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 more than two drinks per day.

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 variety.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
MyPlate's serving-size recommendations counter which significant social trend that contributes to excess Calorie intake and weight gain? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 dramatic increase in portion sizes

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
Servings in the 2010 USDA MyPlate are represented in
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 ounce-equivalents.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Samira is concerned about eating a healthful amount of nutrient-rich vegetables every day. Based on MyPlate, what would be a practical suggestion to guide her daily choices? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 Eat at least 2-1/2 cups of a variety of vegetables, especially dark-green and orange vegetables and beans and peas.

Question 1
0 out of 1 points

 
Since he was a child, Hiram's favorite home-cooked meals have been protein- and fat-rich dinners of steak and French fries and fried chicken with mashed potatoes and gravy. How can Hiram modify his choices to more closely follow MyPlate's recommendations for a healthful diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 Serve each meal with 1/2 cup of salad and 2 ounces of cheese.

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Eating the right amount of foods to maintain a healthy weight is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 moderation.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
What kind of food is one that provides a health benefit beyond basic nutrition? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 functional

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary food groups emphasized in the MyPlate graphic are Answer

Selected Answer:

 grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, and protein.

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
To help individuals consume appropriate Calories and nutrients, MyPlate emphasizes the consumption of foods with Answer

Selected Answer:

 no added sugar and with either no fat or the leanest fat content.

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
Planning a meal that includes many different-colored foods is an example of which characteristic of a healthful diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 variety

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
The Mediterranean diet protects against cardiovascular disease by Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 incorporating a majority of its fat from plant oils.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following groups should limit daily sodium intake to no more than 1,500 mg? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 people over age 50

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends a total daily cholesterol intake of Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 less than 300 mg.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Excess sodium in the diet is linked to what disease in some individuals? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 hypertension

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
MyPlate's dairy cup graphic serves as a reminder to consume what quantity and type of calcium-rich foods daily? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 3 cups of low-fat or fat-free dairy products or equivalent non-dairy sources

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Jack is a college athlete who requires 2,800 kilocalories a day to support his total energy needs. Even though Jack likes many different foods and makes it a point to try new things, he consumes only approximately 1,600 kilocalories a day. Which one of the characteristics of a healthy diet is Jack missing? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 adequacy

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a safe food-handling practice? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 thawing frozen food at room temperature on the kitchen counter

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT required on a food label?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 taste of the food

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
The statement of identity on a food label indicates
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 the common and identifiable name of the food product.

Question 6
0 out of 1 points

 
Since he was a child, Hiram's favorite home-cooked meals have been protein- and fat-rich dinners of steak and French fries and fried chicken with mashed potatoes and gravy. How can Hiram modify his choices to more closely follow MyPlate's recommendations for a healthful diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 Serve each meal with 1/2 cup of salad and 2 ounces of cheese.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
Naturally occurring chemicals found in plant foods that enhance health are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 phytochemicals.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
The term used in the 2010 USDA Food Patterns that describes the nutrient-poor Calories from solid fats and/or added sugars is

 empty.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
One half of the "plate" in the MyPlate eating plan consists of Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 fruits and vegetables.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following counts as one serving of the grains group, according to MyPlate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 1/2 cup of cooked brown rice

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
What is chyme?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Immediately after absorption, most of the fat-soluble nutrients are carried through the ________ circulatory system. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 lymphatic

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Where in your body does the majority of the digestion and absorption of food occur? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 small intestine

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest): Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems.

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Hunger is best described as
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 a physiological desire to consume food.

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
Assuming the calories and relative sizes are similar, which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 piece of cheese

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
The pancreatic hormone ________, and also glucagons, are responsible for maintaining blood glucose levels. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 insulin

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
Lactose intolerance is a common
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 food intolerance.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
The contents of the stomach when food is present is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 very acidic.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is released into the ________ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 small intestine

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is released into the ________ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 small intestine

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is/are the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 mitochondria.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
When the stomach of an adult is full, it can expand to hold approximately Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 4 cups of food or water.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would be an appropriate treatment approach for someone suffering from GERD? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 lose weight and quit smoking

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the cephalic phase?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 earliest phase of digestion when the brain prepares the body in anticipation of food

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
In the United States, how many foods account for over 90 percent of all documented food allergies? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 8

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest): Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the name of the sphincter that separates the stomach from the small intestine? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 pyloric

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called ________. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 bile

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
The term used to describes the process in which foods are broken down into their component molecules is Answer

Selected Answer:
  
 digestion.

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

What is the cephalic phase?
Answer
Selected Answer:
earliest phase of digestion when the brain prepares the body in anticipation of food Question 2
1 out of 1 points

In the United States, how many foods account for over 90 percent of all documented food allergies? Answer
Selected Answer:
8
Question 3
1 out of 1 points

Bile is made in the liver and stored in the _______.
Gallbladder

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

The contents of the stomach when food is present is
Answer
Selected Answer:
very acidic.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest): Answer
Selected Answer:
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

What part of gastric juices in the stomach kills bacteria and germs you may have consumed? Answer
Selected Answer:
hydrochloric acid
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Bile is released into the ________ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet. Answer
Selected Answer:
small intestine

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Beginning in 2006, the F.D.A. required food labels to clearly identify any ingredients containing protein derived from the eight major allergenic foods. Which of the following is NOT one of these? Answer

Selected Answer:
chocolate
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Immediately after absorption, most of the fat-soluble nutrients are carried through the ________ circulatory system. Answer
Selected Answer:
lymphatic
Question 10
1 out of 1 points

All of the following would be recommended for the treatment of GERD EXCEPT Answer
Selected Answer:
eating 2 large meals a day.

Of the following nutrients, which contains nitrogen?
Answer
Selected Answer:
  
proteins

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
Which component of the large intestine helps to synthesize certain vitamins? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
intestinal flora

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the primary source of fuel for the brain?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrates

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would be an appropriate treatment approach for someone suffering from GERD? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
losing weight and quitting smoking

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Assuming the calories and relative sizes are similar, which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
piece of cheese

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
A local food system can always be described by each of the following concepts EXCEPT Answer

Selected Answer:
  
better nutrition

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
The enzyme pancreatic amylase continues the digestion of
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
vitamins.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
Nutrition researchers studying agouti mice discovered a link between Answer

Selected Answer:
  
diet and gene expression.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
The building blocks of proteins are called
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
amino acids.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Naturally occurring chemicals found in plant foods that enhance health are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
phytochemicals.

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
An adequate intake of which nutrient during pregnancy is associated with a decreased risk of neural tube defects in newborns? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
folate

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
bile.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is equivalent to one drink?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
12 ounces of beer

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a tip for taking control of your alcohol intake? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Eat a meal or snack high in carbohydrates before having an alcoholic drink.

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
A set of principles developed by the USDA and the USDHHS to help reduce the risk of developing chronic disease is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary source of fuel for the body is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrates.

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the term for an imitation treatment that has no known physical effect or therapeutic value on the subjects in a research study? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
placebo

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is an example of disease that is directly caused by a nutritional deficiency? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
pellagra

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement BEST describes nutrient density?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Consume foods that have the most nutrients for their Calories.

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
What recommendation does the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans make about consumption of saturated fats? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Less than 10% of total daily Calories should come from saturated fat.

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT required on a food label?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
taste of the food

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
Milk is a good source of calcium but a poor source of iron. Meat is a good source of iron but a poor source of calcium. Individuals who eat from both of these food groups are incorporating what characteristic of a healthy diet into their meal plan? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
balance

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is FALSE?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Fats are soluble in water.

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
A painful sensation in the chest that results from gastric juices seeping back up into the esophagus is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
gastroesophageal reflux (GER).

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
How many daily serving of grains does the MyPlate recommend? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
6 ounce-equivalents

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
A method for eating out healthfully is to
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
order any meat dish grilled or broiled and avoid fried or breaded meat dishes.

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is released into which body organ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is/are the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mitochondria.

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a safe food-handling practice? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
thawing frozen food at room temperature on the kitchen counter

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
Which federal agency regulates functional foods?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
FDA

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
Inorganic nutrients that are NOT broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
minerals.

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
potentially toxic

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
Bob eats his breakfast, and his GI tract will now begin the process of digesting and absorbing the nutrients from this meal. What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
The information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 Calories a day is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Percent Daily Values.

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
The Mediterranean diet protects against cardiovascular disease by Answer

Selected Answer:
  
incorporating a majority of its fat from plant oils.

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following BEST describes minerals?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
When blood leaves the small intestine, it is routed directly through the portal vein to the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
liver.

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
The Nutrition Facts Panel on a box of crackers indicates that one serving provides 140 Calories, with 55 Calories coming from fat. Calculate the percentage of Calories from fat in this product. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
39%

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
Foods that have been manipulated to provide additional health benefits beyond what is naturally found are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
functional foods.

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
Alcohol provides how many kilocalories per gram?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
seven

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is a structure-function statement that requires a disclaimer on a food label? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
helps improve cholesterol

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following sources of phytochemicals is thought to be the MOST beneficial to human health? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
whole foods

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the body's systems directs and coordinates the interrelated activities of the gastrointestinal tract? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the neuromuscular system

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
A "drink" is defined as the amount of a beverage that provides how many fluid ounce of pure alcohol? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one half oz.

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
If Alexandra were to consume all of her protein from milk and cheese, she might develop which deficiencies over time? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
zinc and iron

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a risk of drinking alcohol?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
increased brain function

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
582 kilocalories

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
Lauren's friend has recommended that she take a vitamin C supplement before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. Which of the following nutrient standards would assist Lauren in determining the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following foods or beverages is considered safe to consume when traveling to high-risk foreign destinations? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
coffee and tea

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

 
"To gain credit, the FSHN 120, Journal entries must have _____ full days IN BETWEEN entries" Answer

Selected Answer:
  
5

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
"Of the following, which is NOT an assumed benefit of a local food system?" Answer

Selected Answer:
  
The food is grown on an organic farm

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
There are many types of diet plans available today. The overall BEST diet plan is one that Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fits the lifestyle and needs of the individual.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends a total daily cholesterol intake of Answer

Selected Answer:
  
less than 300 mg.

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Mark weighs 254 pounds and would like to lose weight. He starts a walking program that expends 1.2 kcal/pound/hour. If he walks 45 minutes a day for one week, how many Calories will he burn in one week? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,600 kcal

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
When blood leaves the small intestine, it is routed directly through the portal vein to the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
liver.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
Moderate intake of alcohol for women is defined as how many drink(s) per day? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
What is chyme?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
Salivary amylase beings the digestion of which nutrient in the mouth? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrate

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
Individuals with celiac disease must eat gluten-free foods, which can be made from Answer

Selected Answer:
  
rice and potato flour.

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following nutrients is the MOST energy dense?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fat

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the primary site of alcohol metabolism in the body?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the liver

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
A painful sensation in the chest that results from gastric juices seeping back up into the esophagus is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
gastroesophageal reflux (GER).

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
wheat and lentils

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
If Alexandra were to consume all of her protein from milk and cheese, she might develop which deficiencies over time? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
zinc and iron

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is a rich source of probiotics?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
yogurt

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
Assuming the calories and relative sizes are similar, which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
piece of cheese

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the first step of the scientific method?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Observe a phenomenon.

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
Foods that have been manipulated to provide additional health benefits beyond what is naturally found are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
functional foods.

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
582 kilocalories

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
What are the two groups that vitamins are classified into?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
fat soluble and water soluble

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the leading federal agency in the United States that protects human health and safety? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
Phytochemicals are
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
found only in plants.

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collects dietary information of Americans by using a Answer

Selected Answer:
  
personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall.

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is FALSE?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Fats are soluble in water.

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
Milk is a good source of calcium but a poor source of iron. Meat is a good source of iron but a poor source of calcium. Individuals who eat from both of these food groups are incorporating what characteristic of a healthy diet into their meal plan? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
balance

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
potentially toxic

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary function of mucus in the stomach is to
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
protect the stomach cells from gastric juices (e.g., HCl).

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
A slice of pumpkin bread contains 5 grams of fat, 40 grams of carbohydrate, and 5 grams of protein. What percent of the bread's calories are from fat? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
20%

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT required on a food label?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
folic acid (µg/serving)

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
The structure of the brush border aids digestion by
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
increasing the small intestine's absorptive capacity.

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
Servings in the 2010 USDA MyPlate are represented in
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
ounce-equivalents.

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement BEST describes nutrient density?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Consume foods that have the most nutrients for their Calories.

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
All nutrients are divided into how many classes?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
six

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Nutrition is an ancient science that dates back to the 14th century.

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the region of the brain where physiological signals are translated into the message to seek food due to hunger? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
hypothalamus

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following would NOT be recommended for the treatment of GERD? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
eating 2 large meals a day

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
A "drink" is defined as the amount of a beverage that provides how many fluid ounce of pure alcohol? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one half oz.

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
Alcohol provides how many kilocalories per gram?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
seven

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following foods is exempt from standard food labeling regulations? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
meat

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
"Of the following, which is NOT an element of a community (local) food system?" Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Organic vegetables at County Market

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
On average, a healthy adult can metabolize the equivalent of how many drink(s) per hour? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
one

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
Of the following nutrients, which contains nitrogen?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
proteins

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
For dinner, Carol consumes 250 grams of carbohydrate, 50 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat. In addition, Carol decides that she wants a glass of wine with her meal. If she drinks one glass of wine containing 10 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does she consume in this meal? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,540 kilocalories

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
One teaspoon of salt contains about how many mg of sodium?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
2,300

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a function of water in the body? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
provides a source of energy to work and play

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
How many daily serving of grains does the MyPlate recommend? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
6 ounce-equivalents

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
The smallest units of matter that normally CANNOT be broken down are Answer

Selected Answer:
  
atoms.

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
The Mediterranean diet protects against cardiovascular disease by Answer

Selected Answer:
  
incorporating a majority of its fat from plant oils.

Your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which of the following professionals is MOST likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
registered dietitian (RD)

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

 
The contents of the stomach when food is present is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
very acidic.

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

 
Irregular breathing, cold and clammy skin, and loss of consciousness are all signs of Answer

Selected Answer:
  
alcohol poisoning.

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

 
The local food system is ________ than the global food system Answer

Selected Answer:
  
complimentary to

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is released into which body organ in response to the ingestion of fat in the diet? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

 
The government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the United States is the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
USDA.

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

 
The brush border is located in the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
small intestine.

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

 
According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR), up to what percentage of your daily calories should be provided by carbohydrate? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
65%

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

 
The wavelike contractions that move food along the GI tract are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
peristalsis.

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

 
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and Answer

Selected Answer:
  
variety.

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the name of the sphincter that separates the stomach from the small intestine? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
pyloric

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

 
A set of principles developed by the USDA and the USDHHS to help reduce the risk of developing chronic disease is called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

 
Our genetic information, in the form of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), is located in the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
nucleus.

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

 
Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Nutrition is an ancient science that dates back to the 14th century.

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the primary cause of peptic ulcers?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Helicobacter pylori bacteria

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

 
Diets high in sugar promote
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
tooth decay.

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

 
The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest) Answer

Selected Answer:
  
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems.

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

 
"In FSHN 120, prequizzes must be completed in the Mastering Nutrition website by ______ on the day the syllabus says we will begin discussion of the chapter." Answer

Selected Answer:
  
2:00 AM

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

 
A slice of pumpkin bread contains 5 grams of fat, 40 grams of carbohydrate, and 5 grams of protein. What percent of the bread's calories are from fat? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
20%

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

 
Beginning in 2006, the FDA required food labels to clearly identify any ingredients containing protein derived from the major allergenic foods. Which of the following is NOT one of these? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
chocolate

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

 
The statement of identity on a food label indicates
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
the common and identifiable name of the food product.

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

 
To maintain a healthful weight, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends Answer

Selected Answer:
  
increasing the level of physical activity and reducing sedentary activities.

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

 
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collects dietary information of Americans by using a Answer

Selected Answer:
  
personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall.

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

 
What term is commonly used to describe foods that are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
organic

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

 
The Nutrition Facts Panel on a box of crackers indicates that one serving provides 140 Calories, with 55 Calories coming from fat. Calculate the percentage of Calories from fat in this product. Answer

Selected Answer:
  
39%

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

 
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mouth.

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

 
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is/are the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
mitochondria.

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following conditions have probiotics been to shown assist with? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
diarrhea and lactose intolerance

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

 
For males, binge drinking is defined as consuming how many alcoholic drinks on one occasion within a short period of time? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
5 or more

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

 
The primary source of fuel for the body is
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
carbohydrates.

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

 
What are the chemical messengers that trigger a physiological response, secreted from many glands of the body? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
hormones

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the leading federal agency in the United States that protects human health and safety? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

 
Bile is made in the liver and stored in the
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
gallbladder.

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

 
The highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL).

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following BEST describes minerals?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

 
Why are there several ethnic variations of the 2005 MyPyramid? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
to allow for culturally and ethnically different foods choices

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

 
For dinner, Carol consumes 250 grams of carbohydrate, 50 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat. In addition, Carol decides that she wants a glass of wine with her meal. If she drinks one glass of wine containing 10 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does she consume in this meal? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
1,540 kilocalories

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following professional titles has NO definition or laws regulating it? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
nutritionist

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

 
To a scientist describing nutrients, the term "organic" means nutrients that Answer

Selected Answer:
  
contain both carbon and hydrogen.

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a tip for taking control of your alcohol intake? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Eat a meal or snack high in carbohydrates before having an alcoholic drink.

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

 
Which pancreatic hormones are responsible for maintaining blood glucose levels? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
glucagon and insulin

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

 
Sodium bicarbonate is secreted by the pancreas and functions to Answer

Selected Answer:
  
neutralize stomach acid.

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

 
Inorganic nutrients that are NOT broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
minerals.

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

 
Foods that have been manipulated to provide additional health benefits beyond what is naturally found are called Answer

Selected Answer:
  
functional foods.

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is NOT a health-promoting function associated with a high intake of plant-based foods? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
decrease in bone loss associated with the osteoporosis

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

 
Which of the following is FALSE?
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Fats are soluble in water.

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

 
The information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 Calories a day is called the Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Percent Daily Values.

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

 
The small intestine is described as "small" because
Answer

Selected Answer:
  
it is only an inch in diameter.

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

 
Because they are not nutrients, high intakes of phytochemical supplements are not harmful. Answer

Selected Answer:
 False

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

 
What is the standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals? Answer

Selected Answer:
  
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)

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