1. The United States of America has always been one of the most visited places in the world. Tourism has become a huge economic interest and has directly influenced development of many cities. For example, Pittsburgh has been a “steel town”, with many factories, but tourism has driven the city to strive for a cleaner image by keeping the city cleaner. It has also added sites and activities that tourists would enjoy seeing instead of the gloomy industrial plants. When the American economy was booming before today’s recessions, many cities, such as Chicago, built many attractions and hotels to sustain and grow the economic opportunities that tourism could bring to their cities. Each American city has embraced its’ own culture and rich histories in order to appeal to a diverse group of tourists.
Adventure tourism (extreme sports tourism) is a very interesting tourism niche. It involves higher risk and excitement, incorporated through a tourist’s vacation. When planning an adventure vacation, it is exciting to see how the location of travel will incorporate the destination’s environment. For example, only in Australia can one experience scuba diving in the Great Barrier Reef. Adventure tourism stimulates the local economy. For example, paying to scuba dive in the Great Barrier Reef, provides capital for that destination which will support and sustain that destination for the future.
2. Many of the U.S. Route 66 destinations were comprised of early railroad settlements. Tucumcari, Flagstaff and San Bernadino were all founded or were directly dependent of the economic success that railroads brought. Another uniting characteristic of urban tourism of these destinations, is that each destination makes an attempt to keep tourism from damaging the environment. Each location has lowered emission levels to improve the quality of the environment and the standard of living. For example, Flagstaff and Tucumcari...
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