The socioeconomic Attainment Patterns of Africans in the United States.
The main objective of the paper was to find if White African men and men from English-speaking Africa have higher net hourly earnings than that of nonwhite and non-speaking English people. Secondly, to find if South African men have higher net hourly earnings over men from a number of selected African countries. Third, to find if black African make more hourly than black African American men and women.
The major variables of the article were very interesting. “1989 Hourly Earnings” were computed by yearly earnings divided by the usual hours per week. Outliers exceeding $100 dollars per hour were top coded to $100. The race was represented as a 1 for whites, and 0 for blacks. Language groups were recorded as national/popular languages spoken. National Origins was based on self-identification of people’s nation of birth. The educational attainment was not coded for 1 as college degrees and higher. Zero was the number representing other in order to capture the potential earnings. Proficiency in English referred to the ability to speak English coded with 1 for ability to speak English well or very well, and 0 as the inability to speak English or none at all. Marital status was represented as 1 being married, and 0 as another way of being married. Age was recorded as actual age in complete years as of April 1, 1990. Work experience was factored in a different was, because the census bureau never provided actual work experience so the age was minus years of schooling minus six. Fertility was only referred to as the many children born, but only in the women’s model. Place and region of work was divided into four regions Northeast, Midwest, South, and West. The variable for this was lacking in region of residence. Year of Entry was the last variable which has been coded as a regression analysis into four categories. Furthermore, the hypotheses were stated clearly. The first