The Need for Congress in the U.S
There is a definite need for Congress in the United States. It serves many roles such as making laws, implementing national policy and watching over the other two branches of government. These are just a few of the duties of our U.S. Congress. Although they are essential to our government, there are potential problems. People are not always satisfied with the length of time involved in passing a law as well as the deadlock Congress can experience on an issue. Another potential problem people see with Congress is representation. Not all Americans feel that they are equally represented. The Congress of the United States is viewed by many as the largest branch in government. Some people might even say it is the most important. This is due to the roles Congress pays in our government. Congress is responsible for the lawmaking in our country as well as implementing national policy. The power to make laws was given to Congress by our forefathers when they constructed our constitution. Passing laws is very important to our country because without them we would be living in chaos. Of course, all our laws are not perfect but for the most part our Congress does a good job at keeping this country under control. The problems with lawmaking that most people see is the time involved in getting a law passed. In order for a bill to become a law it must first be "introduced to the House or Senate, or both, then referred to a committee." (Cummings / Wise 479). This can be a very time consuming process. Anyone interested in having a law passed must realize the process involved and be patient. In addition to lawmaking Congress is also involved in passing amendments. Our nation has been able to grow and strengthen due to the amendment process. In order for our government to keep up with the changing times it is crucial that we make adjustments to the constitution. The downfall is that the amendments passed have not always kept up with changing times. Arguments against Congress would be that they taken to long in enforcing the amendments.
The U.S. Congress must also implement national policy. The Congress must regulate commerce in order to create a prosperous economy. It is up to Congress to monitor the growth of the economy and be ready to act if necessary. Congress has the power to implement monetary policy in which they decrease taxes to induce spending during a slow economic period. They can also increase taxes if there is a threat of inflation. The problems with the role of Congress in the economy is again the time factor. It takes time to get the policy going so Congress must be able to detect future economic problems in order for it to be effective. Congress makes up one of three branches of government. The three branches, executive, legislative, and judicial were designed in a way to prevent any one branch from having absolute power over our nation. Each branch was given the job to check and balance the other two branches. Congress has the job of watching over the president. If Congress detects any corruption by the president, it can bring about changes to impeach the president. Also, if the president becomes incapacitated it is up to Congress to determine him as unfit to continue his duties. Another way Congress checks the president is that it must approve any treaties to ensure that the president does not have too much power when it comes to foreign affairs. "The Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote." (Compton's Encyclopedia, Online). People will argue that Congress gives the president too much power in the area of foreign affairs. "Bush embarked on major war against Iraq in 1991, without a declaration of war by Congress." (Cummings / Wise 448). Although these checks and balances are necessary they can also cause conflicts between branches. There is always a possibility that the majority in Congress can be of a different party than that of...
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