Greidanus (1988), in one particular section of his book “The Modern Preacher and The Ancient Text”, claim that in order to discover and formulate the theme of a text, one must look at the totality, the dominant context of the book, and the author’s vantage point. He explains by defining the theme as a concise description of the prevalent idea of the text which captures its totality and one can extract meaning simultaneously. According to the author, there are various ways to determine the theme. Ancient writers left clues, arguments, narratives, patterns and structures so readers can locate them.
Greidanus argues that a preacher must be able to identify the text’s true message by understanding its supporting ideas. Not only that, but he must