The Marvelous Mitochondria
Today, we know that the Mitochondria is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. According to David Schardt’s article “Manipulating Mitochondria” There is anywhere from 500-2000 mitochondria in most human cells, mitochondria actually makes up almost 40 percent of the volume in heart cells, and 60 percent of the volume in muscle cells. Scientists figured out in the 1960’s that mitochondria has …show more content…
One of the biggest and most key ways is to exercise for at least 20 minutes a day. The types of exercise needed are running, riding a bicycle, swimming, and other activities that get your heart rate up. In the case of type 2 diabetes when people start to get obese there is too much fat around the muscles and liver so the insulin cannot properly make it too where it needs to go. Exercise will boost the amount of mitochondria in the muscles, make your body burn energy, and eventually if done correctly help you lose fat weight.
The physical makeup of a mitochondria includes seven things. These things are the outer membrane, the inner membrane, crista, electron transport chain, intermembrane space, matrix, and DNA. Each has an important and unique responsibility to make sure the mitochondria functions properly. The outer membrane is a phospholipid bilayer. The phospholipid bilayer contains proteins called porins which makes the membrane permeable if the incoming molecules are 10 kilodaltons or less in size. ATP and other small nutrient molecules can pass through the outer membrane with relative