Chiropractic is very important in the United States health care system; it is one of the largest forms of alternative medicine used (Kaptchuk, 2000). Chiropractic has been in the United States since the 1890s. It was founded by Daniel David Palmer and his son, Bartlett Joshua Palmer, helped to expand it. Chiropractic focuses on the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. It focuses on spinal manipulation to help with certain illnesses. The most common things it is used to help are back pain, headaches, and neck pain. Chiropractors usually go to approximately 8 years of school and are regulated and licensed in the United States in the same way as medical physicians. For much of its time, chiropractic has been looked down upon compared to mainstream health care. Many people argue about whether chiropractic should be used over conventional medicine. History
Chiropractic can be traced all the way back to 2700 B.C. in China and Greece. Writings from these countries mention using spinal manipulation to help with back pain. A Greek physician even published texts about chiropractic. In one of the texts published he said, “Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases.” (American Chiropractic Association, 2008). In the United States, chiropractic was believed to be started in 1895 by Daniel David Palmer in downtown Davenport, Iowa. Palmer was well educated in the medical field and knew many of the new developments regarding physiology and anatomy. David Palmer began the Palmer School of Chiropractic in 1897. His son Bartlett Joshua Palmer, who was also a student at the Palmer School of Chiropractic, took over the school in 1906. At this time, many chiropractors were being prosecuted for practicing without a license. This is when it was decided, with the help of Bartlett Joshua Palmer, that chiropractic and medicine were separate (American Chiropractic Association, 2008). Daniel David Palmer and Bartlett Joshua Palmer both believed in the use of straight chiropractic. Straight chiropractors believe that medical diagnosis does not have anything to do with the chiropractic treatment and mixer chiropractics use approaches from both chiropractic and medical viewpoints (Cuellar, 2006). In 1910, Bartlett Joshua Palmer realized that not many straight chiropractors existed. Many of them were mixer chiropractors. This is when Bartlett Joshua Palmer decided that x-rays were necessary in chiropractic for diagnosis. This made the Palmer School much more popular (Leach, 2004). Around the 1930s chiropractic became the largest alternative medicine used in the United States (American Chiropractic Association, 2008). Requirements and Regulations
The educational requirements for chiropractic are very similar to other health care doctors. It consists of three main areas. These are basic science, clinical science, and finally a clinical internship. They first must have at least 4 years of undergraduate work in the pre-medical field, including courses in psychology, histology, physics, and biology. Once accepted into a chiropractic college, they have another 4 to 5 years of schooling, much of which is spent in clinical training. Some classes they take in this part of their education include orthopedics, neurology, radiology, and nutrition classes. They also learn the specific forms of chiropractic therapy as well as the different techniques. They then must complete a one year internship dealing with patient care. This totals a minimum of 4,200 hours that is required for chiropractic education. These 4,200 hours must be from an accredited chiropractic program. Of these 4,200 hours, 555 of them are dedicated to learning about the techniques. They also must pass the national board exam as well as any exam that is required in the state in which they plan to practice. This exam is prepared and administered by the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (American...
References: American Chiropractic Association. (n.d.). Patients. Retrieved October 24, 2008, from http://www.amerchiro.org/
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