Global Warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air, landmasses, and oceans its projected prolongation. Many believe that the Earth is currently facing warming in the ozone layer brought on by the rising levels of trapped gases known as the greenhouse effect resulting especially from pollution. Global warming is, in Laymen’s terms, altering the balance in energy of the earth (Reid 27). “The topic of climatic change has been in question since the late 1980’s” (Reid 170). “Contrary to what some believe, global warming is affected by human life and the tolls that technology and the resulting greenhouse gases have on the environment. The human influence is disrupting the natural state of the atmosphere which in turn changes the earth’s balance in energy. This results in climate change” (Reid 130). Regardless of the damage that has already been done, people can still take action in order to help control the disturbance of the atmosphere.
Although some argue that global warming part of earthly cycles, it is not the case. Contributions to global warming made by humans create almost a standstill in proposed cycles dealing with temperature. “One example is of the proposed cycles is that of the ice ages. Even, if there were an ice age approximately every 100,000 years, this cycle would no longer exist due to the amount of carbon dioxide being emitted into the atmosphere. The excess of carbon dioxide is creating a blanket-like cover that is disrupting the proposed cycle. Ice ages occur when the ocean and vegetation absorbs the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. As the carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere, the temperature drops drastically; however, the ocean and vegetation is proven unable to absorb the amount of carbon dioxide fast enough to keep up with the previous timings of past ice ages” (Pearce 1-2). In between an ice age and the heat of global warming is the ideal consistency of temperature. The ideal temperature is in fact the result of incoming solar radiation as well as the emissions of that radiation, also known as the greenhouse effect. However, with the addition of greenhouse gases, more of the solar radiation is being absorbed and kept within the atmosphere (Collins 485). When extra radiation gets trapped in the atmosphere, the earth’s temperature rises which leads to global warming. Global warming is mostly influenced by the greenhouse effect. “The greenhouse effect occurs as greenhouse gases, in the atmosphere, trap solar radiation that is released by the earth” (Greenhouse Effect 299). As stated by Benjamin Santer, “Natural variability in climate just can’t explain this moisture change. The most plausible explanation is that it’s due to the human–caused increase in greenhouse gases” (Doyle 2). “Greenhouse gases include, but are not limited to, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons” (Collin 485). According to Stephen J. Reid, “Without them, [greenhouse gases] the earth would be approximately 32oC cooler” (Reid 130). In the past decade, it was recorded that the carbon dioxide level has risen at an average of approximately .4% per year” (Berner and Berner 29). “The use of energy for transportation, light, and controlling the temperature in homes release greenhouse gases. Throwing away trash, farming food, and farming animals are also ways that humans release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere” (U.S. Environmental 1).
Humans and the increase of technology take a big toll on the environment. “Many gases and chemicals that are contributed by humans play roles in global warming. These gases include methane, tropospheric ozone, freons, nitrous oxide, and others in the chlorofluorocarbon family. Methane can be found in natural gas, decomposing residue of producing rice, internal organs of domestic animals, and is produced when petroleum is refined” (Collin 486). “The pollutant, tropospheric ozone,...
Cited: Breuer, Georg. Weather Modification: Prospects and Problems. Cambridge: Press Syndicate UP, 1980.
Collin, Richard Oliver. Whole Earth: Life and Politics on a Small Planet. Boston: Pearson Custom Publishing, 2007.
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