THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Teaching strategies are the methods you use to allow learners to access the information you are teaching. For example, you could read the information to them; you could display it pictorially; you could allow them to research the information themselves; you could present it as a Powerpoint Presentation. People learn in 3 main ways - visually, auditory and kinesthetically. Visual learners learn by looking at/seeing something. Auditory learners learn by hearing it/being told it. Kinesthetic learners learn by actually doing/experiencing it. Your teaching strategies should aim to include all types of learner. Institutions of higher learning across the nation are responding to political, economic, social and technological pressures to be more responsive to students' needs and more concerned about how well students are prepared to assume future societal roles. Teacher are already feeling the pressure to lecture less, to make learning environments more interactive, to integrate learning into the learning experience, and to use collaborative learning strategies when appropriate. There are different ways and strategies on improving students learning: (a) Case Method. Providing an opportunity for students to apply what they learn in the classroom to real-life experiences has proven to be an effective way of both disseminating and integrating knowledge. The case method is an instructional strategy that engages students in active discussion about issues and problems inherent in practical application. It can highlight fundamental dilemmas or critical issues and provide a format for role playing ambiguous or controversial scenarios, (b) Discussion. There are a variety of ways to stimulate discussion. For example, some teachers begin a lesson with a whole group discussion to refresh students’ memories about the assigned reading(s). Other teacher find it helpful to have students list critical points or emerging issues, or generate a set of questions stemming from the assigned reading(s). These strategies can also be used to help focus large and small group discussions. Obviously, a successful class discussion involves planning on the part of the instructor and preparation on the part of the students. Instructors should communicate this commitment to the students on the first day of class by clearly articulating course expectations. Just as the instructor carefully plans the learning experience, the students must comprehend the assigned reading and show up for class on time, ready to learn. (c) Active Learning. Meyers and Jones (1993) define active learning as learning environments that allow “students to talk and listen, read, write, and reflect as they approach course content through problem-solving exercises, informal small groups, simulations, case studies, role playing, and other activities -- all of which require students to apply what they are learning” (p. xi). Many studies show that learning is enhanced when students become actively involved in the learning process. Instructional strategies that engage students in the learning process stimulate critical thinking and a greater awareness of other perspectives. Although there are times when lecturing is the most appropriate method for disseminating information, current thinking in college teaching and learning suggests that the use of a variety of instructional strategies can positively enhance student learning. Obviously, teaching strategies should be carefully matched to the teaching objectives of a particular lesson. (d) Cooperative Learning. Cooperative Learning is a systematic pedagogical strategy that encourages small groups of students to work together for the achievement of a common goal. The term 'Collaborative Learning' is often used as a synonym for cooperative learning when, in fact, it is a separate strategy that encompasses a broader range of group interactions such as developing learning communities,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document