Assessment task – TDA 3.2 Schools as organisations
Task 1 links to learning outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, assessment criteria 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 6.1 and 6.3. Knowing how schools work as organisations would support your work in education. Provide evidence that shows you can:
a) Summarise entitlement and provision for Early years education
There are different types of childcare options available for 0-5 year olds, these include:
• Sure Start Children’s Centre: Working with parent’s right from the birth of their child, providing early years education for children, full day care, short-term care, health and family support, parenting advice as well as training and employment advice.
• Nursery schools: Provide early learning and childcare for children between three and five years old. They are often based at Sure Start Children’s Centres or linked to a primary school.
• Preschools and playgroups: Usually run by voluntary groups providing part-time play and early learning for the under-fives. Three and four year olds can get their 15 hours of weekly free early year’s education at these providers.
• Day Nurseries: Often based in workplaces and run by businesses or voluntary groups providing care and learning activities for children from birth to five years old.
• Child-minders: Look after children under 12 in the child-minder’s own home. They can look after up to six children under eight years old, although no more than three of them must be under the age of five.
• Nannies and home-based carers: Provide care for children in your home and can look after children of any age.
Since 2004 all children in the UK aged three and four years old have been entitled to free places at nursery or another preschool setting (including child-minders). From 1st September 2010 the Government extended these hours from 12.5 to 15 hours for up to 38 weeks of the year.
The free entitlement provides universal access to early childhood education and care, ensuring that all children have the opportunity to benefit from early years education. The extended hours also supports parents who wish to go back to work or develop their careers through further education by providing affordable day care.
b) Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance to include:-
Community schools are run and owned by the Local Authority, which may support the school through the local community and also by providing a support service. They will determine the admission policy; also, they will develop the use of school facilities by local groups for example, Adult education and Childcare classes.
Foundation and trust schools are mostly run by the school governing body; they will call the shots on the school admission policy with the local education authority. The school, buildings and the land will be owned by the governing body or may be a charitable foundation. A trust school which is kind of like a foundation school, which will form a charitable trust with an outside business, although the school will have to provide any additional support services which the school may require. It is up to the governing body and parents on whether the school becomes a trust school or not.
There are two types of voluntary schools, voluntary aided and voluntary controlled. Voluntary aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools, although anyone can apply for a place their no matter what their background is. As with a foundation school, the governing body, Employs the staff and sets the admission criteria. They are funded partly by the governing body, partly by a charity and partly by the Local Education Authority. The governing body helps contribute for any wear and tear on the building, whereas the school building...
Bibliography: Louise Burnham, Brenda Baker: Supporting Teaching and learning in schools (primary) 2010
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