Unit 1 – An introduction to working with children.
There are many different types of setting which provide care and education for children and families. The main three settings are the statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector. Statutory sector is a service that by law has to be provided by the government to children and families, for example, St Peters RC Primary School. The opening and closing times is between 8:45-3:10 (depending on before/after school clubs). This school is provided by the state and offer education for children 4-11 years. They have qualified staff and aim to support children though after school activities, extra help in classes if a child needs more support. They work with adults through parents evenings so the parents can meet their child’s teacher, also the parents will have a better understanding where the child is up to e.g. milestones. Workshops so parents can learn what the children are learning in school, this supports both the child and parents as it means the parent can help the child at home. A statutory sector can be free full time education for the child. This is helpful to families that are struggling financially or unable to work therefore cannot afford to pay for education. A voluntary sector is provided by local authorities or central government departments, for example a playgroup. This setting normally takes place in a church hall. In this setting children benefit from socialising with other children and participating in early learning activities delivered by trained workers. Parents can develop relationships with other families and have the benefit of their experiences, learning new parenting skills and techniques. A playgroup is usual open between 9am-12pm they have qualified childcare workers, the age range is usually between 2 ½ - 4 years old The private sector is the third type of setting. An example of this is a private day nursery – Cosy Toes. These are profit making services. This setting is usually open between 7am-6pm. They have qualified staff, and the age range is usually 0-4 years. They must all be registered and regularly inspected by Ofsted. The staff/children ratios are usually, for under two's, one carer to three children; two to three year olds, one carer to four children; three to five year olds, one carer to eight children. A private day nursery supports children and their families because they have flexible hours so the parents/carers can still attend work. Tameside says “They provide children with pre-school experiences such as art, craft and construction activities, sand and water play, adventure play, music and movement, books and stories etc, as well as the opportunity to socialise with other children. They provide a stable, secure and relaxed environment where parents and carers feel satisfied to leave their children.”
E3: One piece of legislation that supports the rights of children is the UNCRC (United Nations Convention on the rights of children) this act was drawn up in 1989 and came into force 1992. This act gives children and young people under 18yrs their own special rights. Because of this act children now have a right to childhood, have a right to be educated, have a right to be healthy, have a right to be treated fairly, and also have a right to be heard. The UNCRC is divided into 54 articles for example article 24 states; “a child’s rights to education with a view to achieving this right progressively on the basis of equal opportunities”, another example is article 2; the right to be protected from all forms of discrimination. All these articles support the rights of children.
The second piece of legislation is the children act 2004. This act is designed to make sure that different services for children and young people work more effectively together, for example; safeguarding of children and young people, frameworks for inspections and joint area reviews, ensuring children’s voices are heard in decision...
Bibliography: http://www.tameside.gov.uk/surestart/childcare/daynurseries - 3/10/13
Nelson Thornes, Childcare and Education 2008.
Child care and education Penny Tassoni 4th edition Heinemann 2007
National Childrens Bureau – Alison Clark.
The Reggio Approach – www.NURSERYWORLD.co.uk
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