There is much controversy and debate over the meaning of stress; in fact much academic literature related to stress has whole chapters on the different definitions. These explanations seem to differ from discipline to discipline and have certainly evolved over the centuries. A straightforward definition as described by Weiten (2012) “any circumstance that threatens or are perceived to threaten one’s well-being and thereby tax ones coping abilities” (pg. 71). Another relevant definition suggested by Benson (2008) describes stress as “an automatic physical response to any stimulus that requires you to adjust to change” (pg. 2). These definitions describe that our bodies react on many different levels when we feel threatened or perceive a situation to be potentially stressful.
Stress is known to cause physiological, emotional and behavioural responses in the body. The “fight or flight” response is one of the bodies physiological reactions to stress, our bodies are programed to release specific stress hormones in the event of danger. Heart rate increases, rises in