Culture is everywhere; in the food we eat, the television we watch, our religious practices, and just about anything we do. And everyone’s culture is different. Every person has their own set of values, beliefs, traditions, and norms that make up their families own culture. As far back as history can go, people have been moving from their homelands to other place, taking pieces of their cultures with them, spreading different cultures all around the world. Material culture is defined by Conley as “everything that is a part of our constructed, physical environment, including technology” (Conley P. 77). And while material culture is solely concerned with the physical aspects of culture, a relationship does exist between material and nonmaterial culture. Nonmaterial culture is defined by Conley as “values, beliefs, behaviors, and social norms” (Conley P. 77). Everyone from every single culture has values, beliefs, and norms that tell them how to be religious, how to behave, and what is considered acceptable for their culture. Values are a large part of culture; values are simply moral beliefs, things a culture cherishes. For some Americans, ‘The American Dream’ of getting an education, a good job, and being successful would be considered a value. Americans value the chance to be free, and better themselves. Norms are how our values tell us to behave; take hygiene for example. Here in the United States, we value hygiene. Were taught from a young age to bathe and wash our hands, etc. Being clean would be considered a norm here. Beliefs would be the way certain groups or cultures think; take religion for example. In every culture, there is some type of religion whether it is Christianity,
Buddhism, or even Atheism. Culture is made up of these four concepts; material culture, norms, values, and beliefs. In Jen’Nan Ghazal Read and John P. Bartkowski’s article “To Veil or Not to Veil?” it talks about a case study in Austin Texas where 24...
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