Using the material from item A and elsewhere, assess the view that working class children under-achieve because they are culturally deprived (20 marks).
Cultural deprivation is the absence of expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. There are three main factors that influence the cultural deprivation theory, IQ, language (elaborated speech code) and attitudes and values. In this essay I will be assessing the view that working class children under-achieve because they are culturally deprived and the factors supporting and opposing this theory, such as elaborated and restricted speech codes and how many working class students have restricted speech code due to the uncultured nature of their home life. In addition to attitudes toward learning and education. J.W.B Douglas conducted a study into what was the main causes in the underachievement of working class pupils, he found that the home and school explained working class failure. The lack of parental interest stimulation in the home causes an environment that is not supportive of their child learning. The two measures of parental interest used were how often the parent would visit the school and what the teachers said about the parents. This would affect the working class pupil’s motivation to do well in school because their attitude towards education is lax because of the parent’s lack of interest, this could there for lead the child to under achieve. Douglas proposed an improvement in primary school teaching and an increase nursery schools to give working class children the stimulus lacking in their home. This may improve the attitude of working class pupils due to the fact that they would have a reference to the infant stages of education that would provide cultural capital because they are aware of the importance of education. Barry Sugarman (1970)...
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