Social and Emotional Development of a Child

Topics: Sociology, Psychology, Social relation Pages: 5 (1504 words) Published: October 12, 2014
In my opinion the family unit has a major influence on a child’s social and emotional development. A child absorbs a huge amount of information as soon as it’s born. He or she gets most of that information from the parents or siblings therefore these are the people that are responsible for the child’s early learning. The family shows factors of concern, sympathy, respect, encouragement, freedom and independence to the child which positively contributes to its social experiences and its emotional state. It is clear to me that the significance of social and emotional development is seen in every area of a child's life. From my study I understand that a baby’s personality and emotions start to show through the moment he or she is born. I found that as a child develops, he or she can manage personal feelings, understand the feelings and needs of others, and interact positively with others. Family has a major significance to these factors as each family member teaches and encourages the child from birth. In my essay I will discuss both the influence of a child’s parents and the influence of a child’s siblings on both social and emotional development.

Emotional Development
As children are emotionally developing they tend to show pleasure when familiar adults are nearby. I find that they develop close attachments with parents and other frequent caregivers such as siblings and they seem to use these relationships as a secure base to explore. The family creates a loving environment for the child and helps the child to make a positive self image. During my studies I understood that when a child has a bad experience the parents reactions has a huge effect on the child and in turn may stimulate or harm his or her emotional development. For example, when a child hurts himself the parents should show concern and sympathy for him or her, however, they should also show encouragement and certainty that he or she will be okay. If the parents panic every time the child has a small accident he or she could become insecure and lack confidence as they pick up and learn almost everything from their family at these early stages. As time goes on the child starts to recognise and response to his or her own name. They may proudly use words such as "my" and "me" often (e.g., says, "MY mammy!"). They become confident in the day-to-day things such as walking and talking if they are learning from positive examples from their family. They may also begin to show signs of self-consciousness. For example, he or she may hide behind a chair and look ashamed after breaking an ornament. This means that they are starting to learn morals as they are aware of the basic right and wrong situations. They learn these morals from the family. They can observe the consequences of bad behaviour if they have other siblings as they experience discipline and may be forbidden to do a certain thing. They eventually become observant of others' emotional reactions. They become to understand the concept of negative behaviour and to an extent realise the effect it has on others. They may start to check parent's facial expressions when doing something to check for warning or encouragement. When a child is doing this it means that he or she understands that certain these are forbidden and is part of bad behaviour. Children start to experience a wide range of emotions such as affection, frustration, fear, anger, sadness. These expressions must be treated with concern and respect. The reason for this is if there is frustration between the parent and child he or she may become demoralised and unhappy harming his or her emotional development. Children tend to express and act on impulses; if the child has a tantrum when he or she is tired or frustrated they begin to use strategies to control emotional expression which their parents help (e.g., goes to get teddy bear or another comfort object when upset so he or she can calm down). A very important factor in which I learned is that a...
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