Child and Young Person Development

Topics: Emotion, Feeling, Developmental psychology Pages: 6 (1744 words) Published: June 22, 2013
Child and Young Person Development
Unit no. TDA 2.1
1.1
0-3 Months| Sleeps 20 hoursCrying is main form of communicationMoves around moreTurn their head towards bright colours and lightsRecognize bottle or breastCan be comforted by a familiar personMake cooing noisesCan focus both eyes togetherWiggle and kick both arms and legsLift head when on their belliesStart to smileCan respond positively to touch| 3-6 Months| Starts to babbleCuts down on feeding, i.e. 3-5 feeds a dayMay help to hold the bottle during feedingFollow objects with their eyesRecognize familiar facesPays attention when their name is calledReaches, grasps and explores objects in their mouthsLaughsPlay with their feet and toesImitate speech soundsStart to roll over| 6-12 Months| CrawlCan sit without supportStand briefly without supportThrow objectsHave a good emotional attachment to parentsCopy adults, i.e. using phone, drinking from a cup etcPlay simple games, i.e. patty cake, peek-a-booWave goodbyeSay mum or dad soundsTry to put items into container, i.e. shape sorter| 12-18 Months| Can walk unaidedCan feed themselvesObeys commands and simple instructionsRepeats wordsEnjoys pushing and pulling objectsCan say at least 6-10 wordsPull of socks, shoes and glovesIdentify names of items you point to in a book, i.e. ball, tractor, car etcSimple drawing paper with crayon, pencil etcAttempt to walk backwardsPoint and try to ask to things| 18-24 Months| Starts to runAre toilet trained, or practising to be toilet trainedHave a good vocabulary up to 200 wordsCan use 2-3 word sentences Recognise familiar picturesKick a ballDemands a lot of attentionCan start to have temper tantrumsTurn 2-3 pages in a bookCan point to body parts when askedShow affectionCan sit and play by themselves, and initiate their own play| 2-3 Years| Can jumpCan throw a ball overhandImitate parents actionsCan give ordersAttempt to put on their shoesOpen a doorStart to develop a sense of humourTurn a page in a book one at a timePlay nicely with other childrenRepeat common nursery rhymesName at least one colour correctlyGroup different objects by category, Repeat and describe events that have happened within the dayAssertive about the needs/preferencesShow signs of aggressive feelings/behaviourCurious about gender identity| 3-4 Years| Should be able to walk up and down stairs without supportShould be able to count a few numbersCan draw a person with 2-4 body parts, i.e. eyes, nose, mouth etcCan play gender role games, i.e. girls play mummies and boys play daddiesBecome very curious, by asking “how” and “why” questionsAre able to begin dramatic play, by acting out a sceneCan sing and remember songs| 4-5 Years| Can skip, hop, swing and climbAre able to dress themselvesDraw people with bodiesUse more grown up grammarRead a simple storyWould rather play with their own sexCan attempt to write name and different lettersUse a knife, fork and spoon easilyWill start to compare themselves to othersDevelop friendshipsBecomes aware of other people’s feelingsCan retell a storyUnderstands a sequence of events, when they are clearly explainedCan talk a lot more clearly| 6-12 Years| Can understand/see other people views a bit more clearlyStart to define themselves, i.e. appearance, enjoyed activities and possessionsFriends more commonly the same sexTheir feelings can be hurt quite easilyLook for ways to get a grownups attention, i.e. telling talesCan be self consciousThey should need about 10 hours sleep a nightCan talk through problems and possibly solve themWill begin to think about their behaviour, and can understand the consequences of good and bad.| 12-14 Years| Struggle to find their identityPuberty, girls do mature quicker than boysCan become moodyCan insist in more privacy for themselvesHaving close friends becomes very importantCan put their feelings across a little easierCan be influenced by peer groupsAre not as affectionate with parents, particularly boysAre very focused,...
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