Unit 22

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Unit 22: Understand Child and Young Person Development

Outcome 1:
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years
a. • Physical
0-1: babies will start to use their reflexes, they start to look less curled up and startle less, will start to lift and turn their heads, will lift their hands and foot in the air and balance on their fronts, will start using fingers to eat. 1-3: will stand up and hold to the furniture, will sit and push off with legs on sit-and-ride toys. Will start to run and climb, is able to pedal or push along with feet on a tricycle, walk up the stairs using alternate feet. 4-7: will have skilful use of the hands to carry out activities such as threading, pouring or using the scissors, will have the ability to kick a ball and will be able to control it. 7-12: drawings and writing will be more neater and the cutting out will be more accurate. There will be greater co-ordination and speed when carrying out both fine and large movements. There will be growth and changes to the body. 13-19: for most boys puberty will start and will take about 3 years to complete, girls will have finished becoming women. There may be occasional poor spatial awareness as a result of the body shape changing quickly.
b. • Communication
0-1: babies will cry when hungry, tired or need changing or feeling distressed. Babies will start to coo and gurgle. Babies will start to smile back when they see a smiling face. Will begin to lift arms up to the carer to show that they want to be picked up. There will be tuneful strings of babbling. 1-3: finger pointing at objects to draw an adult’s attention to them. Less babbling and more recognisable words. Will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. Will start using two word sentences such as “mummy work”. will have speech that is easily understood. 4-7: children will start to ask questions about things and will enjoy talking. Begin to decode some familiar words. 7-12: will start to tell jokes

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