SBA

Topics: Taíno, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indigenous peoples Pages: 17 (1736 words) Published: March 2, 2015
 INTRODUCTION

In what ways did the culture and lifestyle of the Tainos people differ from or resemble that of the Kalinagos?

 The Tainos and Kalinagos were two different indigenous groups which inhabited the islands of the Caribbean. The Tainos were generally characterised as a peaceful people. They resided on the islands of the Greater Antilles such as Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and the Bahamas. The Kalinagos, who were far more hostile than the Tainos ,lived in the islands of the Lesser Antilles such as St.Kitts and Nevis ,Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica. Although the Tainos and the Kalinagos were indigenous peoples, they had differences and similarities in their culture. Three aspects which were most prominent and will be further studied between both groups were their social organisation, religious beliefs and political organisation.

AREA OF RESEARCH

Caribbean History of Indigenous People during the Pre-Columbian Period

Aim: To highlight the differences and similarities between the culture and lifestyle of of the Tainos and Kalinagos and conduct a comparative analysis thereof.

RATIONALE

During his four years at secondary school the researcher was enthralled by the early history of the Caribbean, more precisely, the history of one of its earliest inhabitants, the Tainos and the Kalinagos. The researcher was greatly interested in the contrast between the societies of both people and the similarities they also shared. The researcher viewed the School Based Assessment as an opportunity to increase his knowledge of the topic and also review information which he researched in the past. The researcher decided that he would use the School Based Assessment to provide not just himself but others who may follow after him such as students, teachers and his community members with a greater understanding of the social, religious, political aspects of the Tainos and Kalinagos using information that he had analyzed, compiled and structured affectively from textbooks at his local library and with the data provided by the assistance of his colleagues and history teacher.

COLLECTION OF DATA

Data for this School Based Assessment was collected from a number of textbooks. These text books were available by the National Library and textbooks used to study History in school. On Friday, September 12, 2014 the student visited the National Library where he collected information. The student also used History textbooks in his possession. The student then analyzed all the data which he had collected and compiled the information to successfully complete the assignment.

ANALYSIS OF DATA

Social Organisation

The Tainos and Kalinagos lived in villages which were not permanent settlements as both groups had to move every few in search of new plots of land and hunting grounds. Tainos villages were built around a community square which was used as a gathering place for the Tainos. The square also contained ball courts where Tainos men and youth played a game called batey. The Kalinagos had no square but instead had a communal fire place which they used as a place of gathering.

Tainos and Kalinagos villages contained households which were comprised of extended families. The Kalinagos practiced polygamy, which is when a man may have more than one wife. For the Tainos it was forbidden that any man other than the Cacique has more than one wife. Between...

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