Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
This booklet is designed to be used as a reminder and reference for people who work in the care profession
The following are all types of abuse and their definition.
Physical abuse: hitting, slapping, kicking.
Sexual abuse: unwanted advances, indecent exposure, harassment of a sexual nature.
Emotional/psychological abuse: intimidation, blaming.
Financial abuse: misappropriation of monies/funds, not giving correct change.
Institutional abuse: where a person is not treated as an individual.
Neglect: inadequate care, denial of basic rights
Physical Abuse • Injuries that are the shape of objects. • Injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention. • A person being taken to many different places to receive medical attention. • Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost. • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator. • Change of behavior and personality.
Sexual Abuse • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas. • Soreness when sitting. • Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example,anorexia, bulimia or self-harm. • Sexualised behavior. • Inappropriately dressed.
Emotional Abuse • Difficulty gaining access to the service user on their own. • The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies. • Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety. • Increased levels of confusion. • Increased urinary or fecal incontinence. • Sleep disturbance. • The person feeling/acting as if they are being watched all of the time. • Decreased ability to communicate. • language being used