Unit 204 Safeguarding Abuse

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Unit 204
Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.

Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
Physical abuse - force feeding, hitting, slapping, misuse of medication and use of restraint etc.
Sexual abuse- rape and sexual assault, indecent exposure, penetration or attempted penetration etc.
Emotional/ psychological abuse – emotional abuse, bullying, ignoring, shouting etc.
Financial abuse – theft, fraud, exploitation etc.
Institutional abuse - Institutional abuse is different from other categories because it is about who abuses and how that abuse comes to pass, rather than about types of harm. Abuse occurs in a relationship, family, service or institution and it can be perpetrated by an individual or more collectively, by a regime.
Self-neglect - is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have
Neglect by others - is a passive form of abuse in which a perpetrator is responsible to provide care for a victim who is unable to care for himself or herself, but fails to provide adequate care. Neglect may include the failure to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, or medical care, or the failure to fulfil other needs for which the victim cannot provide themselves. The term is also applied when necessary care is withheld by those responsible for providing it from animals, plants, and even inanimate objects. Neglect can carry on in a child 's life falling into many long-term side effects such as: physical injuries, low self-esteem, attention disorders, violent behaviour, and can even cause death

1.2 Identify the signs/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse?
Physical abuse - multiple bruising or finger marks (especially in the well protected areas such as eye sockets, inner arms and tights). Fractures – especially twisting

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