Safeguarding Children: Signs and Symptoms of Abuse

Good Essays
DEFINITION OF CHILD ABUSE
An abused child is any child, up to the age of 18, who has suffered from, or is believed likely to be at risk of, physical injury, neglect, emotional abuse, sexual abuse or verbal abuse. (Source: www.yesican.org)
It is recognised that that it is abuse when someone inflicts harm or fails to prevent it. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or by a stranger, for example, via the internet. Child abuse can have major long-term effects on all aspects of a child's health, development and well being. The main forms of ill-treatments are:

1) Physical Abuse
Physical abuse is deliberately causing physical harm to a child. This might involve punching; kicking, biting, burning, scalding, shaking, throwing or beating with objects such as belts, whips, or sticks. It also includes poisoning, giving a child alcohol or illegal drugs, drowning or suffocation. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of illness in a child.
• 1.1) Signs of Physical Abuse
• There are certain signs that need to be acknowledged when suspicion arises that physical abuse is occurring:
• Any injuries not consistent with the explanation given to school staff.
• Injuries which occur to the body in places which are not normally exposed to falls or rough games
• Injuries which have not received medical attention
• Reluctance to change for, or participate in PE or swimming
• Bruises, bites, burns and fractures, for example, which do not have an accidental explanation
• The child gives inconsistent accounts for the cause of injuries
1.2) Possible effects of physical abuse
Physical abuse can lead directly to neurological damage, physical injuries, disability and in extreme cases death. Physical abuse has been linked to aggressive behaviour in children, emotional and behavioural problems and learning difficulties. (Source: /www.secasa.co).
2) Emotional Abuse

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    TYPE OF ABUSE POSSIBLE SIGNS, SYMPTOMS, INDICATORS AND BEHAVIOURS Mental Feel unhappy, frightened and distressed. Behave aggressively and anti-socially. Experience difficulties with academic achievement and school attendance. Find it difficult to make friends show signs of physical neglect and malnourishment. Don’t think they can achieve anything, don’t get involved with activities or socially. Isolate themselves from a group. Quiet and withdrawn. Physical Situations that should cause particular…

    • 520 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Describe the signs and symptoms of asthma. Asthma is a chronic and reversible disorder of the lungs involving inflammation to the airways in response to exposure to various triggers (Werner, R., 2016). External stimuli such as allergens or pollutants may trigger asthma, but conversely, there are links to internal stressors such as emotional stress. During an asthma attack, inflammation of the airway causes narrowing of the airways, mucus to increase, and breathing is decidedly more challenging. Werner…

    • 86 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Signs and Symptoms

    • 425 Words
    • 2 Pages

    “Signs of Symptom” ~Cough, Unintentional weight loss, Fatigue, Fever, Night Sweats, Chills, Lost of Appetite. “Treatment” With tuberculosis, you must take antibiotics for at least six to nine months. The exact drugs and length of treatment depend on your age, overall health, possible drug resistance, the form of TB (latent or active) and the infection's location in the body. “Signs of Symptom” Fever, Loss of appetite, Headache, Tiredness and a general feeling of being…

    • 425 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Signs and symptoms

    • 780 Words
    • 4 Pages

    dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate and your blood's chemical makeup may get out of balance. Acute kidney failure — also called acute renal failure or acute kidney injury — develops rapidly over a few hours or a few days. Acute kidney failure is most common in people, who are already hospitalized, particularly in critically ill people who need intensive care. Acute kidney failure can be fatal and requires intensive treatment. However, acute kidney failure may be reversible. If you're otherwise…

    • 780 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    signs and symptoms

    • 380 Words
    • 3 Pages

    attention Condition/illness/allergy/ circumstance Signs and symptoms Response/treatment according to role Asthma MAY REQUIRE URGENT ATTENTION Difficulty breathing Keep child calm and help them take medicine. Phone parent and if it worsens call 999 Sickle cell anaemia MAY REQUIRE URGENT ATTENTION Fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, cold hands and feet, pain Refer to care plan and phone parent if needed Diabetes MAY REQUIRE URGENT ATTENTION Passing urine more often…

    • 380 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Unit 40 - P1 Describe the types of dementia and common signs and symptoms The term ‘dementia’ describes a set of symptoms which can include loss of memory, mood changes and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain conditions and diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. 
Age is the greatest risk factor for dementia. Dementia affects one in 14 people over the age of 65 and one in six over…

    • 1148 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Signs and symptoms of Conjunctivitis, Swelling of conjunctiva and watering of the eyes are symptoms common to all forms of conjunctivitis. However, the pupils should be normally reactive, and the visual acuity normal. Viral Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, a common cold, and/or a sore throat. Its symptoms include excessive watering and itching. The infection usually begins with one eye, but may spread easily to the other. Viral conjunctivitis…

    • 846 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Signs and Symptoms of Adhd

    • 1534 Words
    • 7 Pages

    genetic and may be environmentally induced. While there is no cure for ADHD, with proper education, psychological therapy, and medication people diagnosed with this disorder have had success in coping with their symptoms. Signs and Symptoms of ADHD There are three main signs or symptoms of ADHD identified as; problems with paying attention, being very active, and acting before thinking. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2007), found based on these symptoms three types…

    • 1534 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Rickets is a disorder that causes a person’s bones to become soft and weak. It is also known as osteomalacia in children. It is a result from not getting enough vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Rickets is common in children ages six to twenty-four months old. It can be seen in people who live in areas with little sunlight exposure, people who do not consume enough milk products, and people who have kidney disorders. Symptoms of rickets include bone pain or sensitivity, impaired growth, skeletal…

    • 157 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Signs and Symptoms of Abuse

    • 3800 Words
    • 16 Pages

    Investigate the types and reasons for abuse of children Sign and symptoms of abuse Physical abuse Physical abuse is where a person is physically hurt or injured purposely by another person with the intention to cause them harm. Physical abuse includes hitting, slapping, kicking, biting, head butting, drowning, burning etc and often occurs in places that are easy to hide under clothing. Physical child abuse is any form of physical injuries inflicted upon the child with cruel and/or malicious…

    • 3800 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Better Essays