COURSE CODE: 300
AIM; THE RELEVANCES OF ABRAHAM MASLOW HIERARCHY OF NEED THEORY TO THE ORGANISATION AND ITS WEAKNESS.
Is the principle of explanation and prediction for a class of phenomena.
Maslow hierarchy of need theory.
Is a theory in psychology anticipated by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation". Maslow consequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity, over the years researches and authors has tend to criticizes the theory as being irrelevant in most part of the world for is western in nature Contrary to such assertion, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory remains relevant in every sector of our business today as its best analyzes below Maslow’s hierarchy of needs where the lower order needs may be linked to organizational culture. Every new organization passes through this lower order stage in which they struggle with their basic survival needs. At the third level of the Maslow’s hierarchy, social needs would correspond to the formation of organized roles within the organization into distinct units, depicting the human resource management function which resonates according to the tone set by organizational culture. The positive interaction of organizational culture and human resource management would result in self-esteem and self-actualization. This is manifested through the employees’ performance which showcases the strength and reliability of their organization in the face of competitors. It also implies that the organization through its employees has excelled and met their objectives, mission and vision statement.
Maslow hierarchy is applicatable under the following areas;
1) Organizational culture
Is a complex network of values and norms that guides an individual’s behaviors. It involves a set of beliefs, values, assumptions and experience that are acquired through learning, socializing and sharing by members of social unit such as people in the organization Almost all the definitions of culture emphasizes the organizational assumptions developed, nurtured and mentored consciously or unconsciously over organization’s life cycle;, these includes experiences, norms, values, philosophy and rituals that hold the organization together; its portrait, self-image, inner workings, interaction with the outside environment where some of the values are kept in written form while others are unwritten but yet adhered to strictly A valid organizational culture is called corporate culture argues that we can describe "how" a group constructs its environment and which behavior patterns are discernible among the way it does its things. It is clear that organizational culture is a process that the organizational founders, top management and employees learn, socialize and adopt over time. Impacts and implication of hierarchy of needs theory on organizational culture The hierarchy of needs theory is relevant to this study as the theory is applicable to organizational orientation and employee motivation. They further argue that the theory is able to suggest how managers can lead their employees or subordinates to become self-actualized. The idea implies the dual role of the theory first to organizations and second to employees on the basis that both the organization and the employees must decide on the performance of their organization, and that when employees put in their best in the service of the organization, the culture and human resource practice should also ensure that the employees’ level of needs are reflected in the values the organization holds with high esteem. The cultural framework of the organization should reflect the fact that employees’ physiological and security needs are paramount; therefore, when such needs became culturally focused, performance will be improved tremendously in that organization. This argument implies a reversed...
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