Romania tourism generating region

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Romania and its potential as a tourism generating region

There is no longer any doubt for anyone regarding the importance of tourism in today’s world. Why people travel, why they buy the holidays or business trips they buy, what makes them chose where and when they wish to travel, is very important to those who work in the tourism industry to understand and share. The academic books that dealt with these questions identified systems, enabling factors and motivations that lead to this phenomenon called tourism. Mathieson and Wall (982) define demand as “the total number of persons who travel, or wish to travel, to use tourist facilities and services at places away from their places of work or residence”(cited in Cooper, et al., 2005, p. 39). The basic components for demand are identified by Cooper, et al. (2005) as the effective or actual demand, suppressed demand and no demand.
The generating region of Leiper’s tourism system is very powerful in determining the nature and scope of tourism currents around the world (Cooper, et al., 2005). Leiper refers to the tourist generating area as the place where tourist departs from, the permanent residence of the tourist and the tourist’s returning point. In order for a region to generate tourists, its residents require: leisure time, discretionary income, freedom from political barriers to travel, access to transit routes and travel intermediaries to buy tourist products from (Inkson & Minnaert, 2012). The leisure time is determined by the statutory entitlement, holiday entitlement, employer policy and traditional days of rest and national holidays. The discretionary income refers to the earnings that remain after paying the basics of life and this is limited by the employment type, income levels, tax rates, cost of living, lifestyle and cost of credit, and the stage of lifecycle. Travelling also requires lack of political restrictions, freedom and easy accessibility to methods of transport. Page (2005) identifies three



Bibliography: Cooper, C. et al., 2005. Tourism Principles and Practice. 3 ed. s.l.:Pearson Education Limited. Holloway, J. C., Humphreys, C. & Davidson, R., 2009. The Business of Tourism. 8 ed. s.l.:Pearson Education Limited. Inkson, C. & Minnaert, L., 2012. Tourism Management an introduction. s.l.:SAGE Publications Ltd.. Page, S. J. & Connell, J., 2009. Tourism A Modern Sinthesis. 3 ed. s.l.:Cengage Learning EMEA.

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