Roman Mythology

Topics: Greek mythology, Roman Empire, God Pages: 15 (5389 words) Published: October 8, 1999
Roman Mythology

The ancient Greek and ancient Roman religion was the belief in gods. They had similar beliefs, but also vast differences. They came from each other and gave their people a form of morality. It was composed of many meaningful gods and goddesses that all played a part in the everyday life of the average Roman and Greek person of that time.

They believed in something called polytheism. It is the belief of many gods; each given a personality, function, relationship to each other through family, and to be the subject of many myths and legends that were to be told for many of years to come. They were to become the basis for a religion that would last for hundreds of years and would yield thousands of followers to believe in the made stories of these enchanted people or gods as they were called. ( Grolier)

The Roman mythology was to consist of twelve to thirteen main gods. Each having a function in the life of the everyday Roman that would require some sort of worshipping. The Roman gods were taken from the beliefs of the Greek gods. They are directly descended from their neighboring religion. The Roman mythology consisted of the high god Jupiter, his wife and sister Juno, son Vulcan, son Mercury, daughter Diana, daughter Venus, son Mars, daughter Minerva, son Apollo, sister Vesta, brother Pluto, brother Neptune, and Janus.(www, hunt)

Jupiter was the ruler of the gods. He is also known as Zeus to the Greeks. He became ruler of the gods through him drawing that lot from his brothers after they overthrew the Titans. He was the god of sky and rain. He was the keeper of the thunderbolt which he hurled at anyone that displeased. That is how he is portrayed through the Greeks, but through the Romans; he was still the ruler of the gods and used his thunderbolts. They portrayed as the lord of life and death and he never visited mankind on earth.(www. hunt)

Neptune was the god of the sea. This is the lot he drew from his brothers. He was worshipped mostly by seaman. He was the creator of the horse and the user of his three-pronged spear, the trident. It could shake the ground and break any object at will, but in his Roman sense he was still the god of the sea. It only took longer for him to be noticed as it. He started out as a minor deity of the water, but his importance increased as the number of seamen increased. (www. hunt)

Pluto the god of the underworld. This is the lot he drew from his brothers. He is one of the greediest of the gods and is always looking for more ruling subjects. He is the god of wealth also because of all the precious metals mined from the earth. He is also the king of the dead and married to his abducted queen Persephone in the Greek mythology. (www. hunt)

Vesta was the goddess of the hearth and the symbol of the home. She was the watcher of households and family activities. She is a virgin goddess and plays no parts in myths. She is known as Hestia in the Greek religion. (www. hunt)

Juno was the goddess of marriage and the protectress of women. She was the queen of the heavens. She was the wife and sister to Jupiter.(Grolier) In Greek mythology She was all and the same. She was forced into marrying Zeus(Jupiter) because he raped her. To hide her shame she married him.(www. hunt)

Mars was the god of war, agriculture, and of the state. He appeared in three different ways: Mars Sylvanus, the god of vegetation; Mars Gradivus, the god of war; and Mars Quirinius, the god of state. (Grolier) In Greek mythology he was also considered the god of war, but not of the others. He was disliked by his parents and was a coward.

Apollo was the god of music, healing and truth. He was the player of the golden lyre, shooter of the silver arrows, teacher of medicine to mankind, and god that could not tell a lie. He was the also the carrier of the Sun across the sky by his chariot of winged horses. He was represented in the same way in both the Roman and...
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