Relationship of the Messages of Amos and Hosea to the Mosaic Covenant
Assignment: From the oracles of Amos and Hosea show how their messages were true to the Mosaic revelation. (Think particularly of the Sinai covenant blessings and curses and the new beginning).
In completing this assignment, I shall first endeavour to answer the question: What are the key elements of the Mosaic revelation? In addition, a brief overview of the n New Beginnings promise will be presented. Following this, I shall then relate the oracles of Amos and Hosea to the Mosaic revelation in order to demonstrate that their messages were true to the Mosaic revelation.
The Mosaic Revelation
There are three elements of the Mosaic revelation: the characteristics of God, the purpose of God, and the requirements of God. All three aspects are important for the assignment at hand because they are embodied in the oracles of Amos and Hosea.
The Characteristics of God in the Mosaic Revelation
God revealed Himself to Moses as the sovereign, immutable, and Almighty God who is compassionate, "merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness" (Exodus 34:6). He is a covenant-keeping God who expects His people to be mindful of His covenants and keep them. As such, He is the righteous judge and lawgiver, who blesses the obedient and would not let the guilty go unpunished. The key elements of these characteristics are discussed briefly in the following subsections.
God's sovereignty was revealed to Moses through (i) His dealings with the Egyptians in preparation for the exodus, (ii) His dealings with the kings who came against the Israelites, and (iii) most emphatically in the fact that though there were nations residing in the land He had promised to Abraham, it was His to give to whomever He chose to give it to. Most importantly, His sovereignty in salvation is revealed to Moses in that memorable verse:
"And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy" (Exodus 33:19b).
God revealed Himself to Moses in the first instance as the I AM, that is, as the immutable God who is not subject to or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature. This is important for the subject at hand because, thousands of years later, we see God's immutability on display in the oracles of Amos and Hosea. These prophets were calling the Israelites to account because the God of Israel had not changed in character and in His requirement that His people be faithful to Him and His word.
First and foremost, God revealed Himself to Moses as a most holy God. At Mount Horeb, when Moses received his commission to lead the children of Israel out of Egypt, he was instructed to take off his sandals for the ground he was standing on was holy the implication being that it was holy because of the particular manifestation of the holy God of Israel at that location. In short, God is the awesomely holy God and, given His awesome holiness, it should come as no surprise that He would require holiness from His people. This is the underpinning element of the Mosaic revelation and of the oracles of Amos and Hosea in deed, of all prophetic oracles in the Holy Scriptures:
"Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them, You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy"(Leviticus 19:2).
As God's people, redeemed by His mighty act, the Israelites were expected to be set apart to the service and worship of God.
God's goodness as revealed to Moses encompass His compassion, mercifulness, graciousness, slowness to anger, steadfastness in love, and faithfulness. These qualities characterized God's dealings with Israel and are all alluded to in Amos and Hosea, as we shall see later. God's calling of Abraham was grounded in grace and mercy and it...
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