Throughout the years, many processes have been created to form the rehabilitation process of criminal justice. This process has reached out to many offenders and their families by allowing them to return to the community as changed individuals. Rehabilitation has many different process, but most, if not all have been proven successful in returning offenders to the community as changed individuals. Rehabilitation is defined as a return to a previous form. In criminal justice, rehabilitation is referred as a designed attempt to change attitudes and behaviors of inmates, concentrating on the prevention of an inmate's future criminal behaviors (Seiter, 2011). Since the creation of prisons, the focus on prisons in the United States was based on redemption. Inmates were expected to read the Bible and reflect on their offenses. As time progressed, labor by inmates became a main focus due to the demands of products created by inmates. During the middle of the twentieth century, corrections embraced a medical model where crime was assumed to be the effect of an underlying pathology of offenders that could be analyzed and treated (Seiter, 2011). Offenders were thought to be sick and in need of treatment to get ready to return to the community as useful, law-abiding citizens. There is now an applied variety of treatment programs used by correctional agencies to improve offenders and to provide them with the tools needed to be positive members of society (Seiter, 2011). These programs for inmates include job training, drug treatment, and mental health services. Parole is defined as the conditional release of inmates by a parole board prior to the expiration of their sentence (Seiter, 2011). An inmate is given a list of conditions that must be followed during the length of supervision in the community, Inmates meeting this standard can be expected to be let off from supervision but if an inmate violates the conditions of supervision, they can get additional conditions or be...
References: Moscow Center for Prison Reform (1998). About of Russian Penitentiary System. Retrieved from: http://www.prison.org/english/rpstabo.htm
Sebba, L., Horovitz, M., and Geva, R. (2003) Israel. Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America. Yliopistopaino: Helsinki, Finland
Seiter, R. P. (2011). Corrections: An Introduction (3rd ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
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