"Prison" Essays and Research Papers

Prison

Beasley Jail’s and Prison’s Response Prisons range from minimum to maximum security. They are designed to house criminals who have committed similar types of offenses. The penal institutions of developed countries usually offer better living conditions and greater inmate safety than those found in undeveloped or authoritarian nations. Although most correctional facilities are intended to incarcerate adult, civilian criminals, prison types, exist for military personnel, juveniles, violent...

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Prisons

In the United States, prison overcrowding and budget cuts within the criminal justice system have lead to an increase in the need and the development of private prisons and jails. "A private prison is a place in which individuals are physically confined by a third party that is contracted by a local, state, or federal government agency. Private prison companies typically enter into contractual agreements with local, state, or federal governments that commit prisoners and then pay a per diem or...

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Prison and Jail

Jail and Prison Kyle T Klusacek March 11, 2013 Jail and Prison During the last three decades, prisons and jails have become full to capacity because of an increase in drug laws and repeat offenders. Before prisons took control, early punishments were brutal and not humane. There are two different cultures when discussing jails and prisons. Jails can be seen as short term whereas prisons are long term. Crime has been an increasing factor in today’s society, prisons and jails hold the offenders...

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Prison History

The first major historical development of the U.S. courts was would be the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825) The Walnut Street Jail was America’s first real prison in Philadelphia. The prison was ran by the Quakers who thought that prison should be a place where offenders should may make amends with society and accept responsibility for their misdeeds. (Schmalleger, 2009) The Quakers elements of philosophy included rehabilitation and deterrence which is still used to this day. Penance was the primary...

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Prison Overcrowding

Prison Overcrowding Prison overcrowding is become one of the major financial and controversial problem in the United States. The prison population is increasing rapidly, and we have only one reason the judicial system is given length sentences to cases that don’t deserve it, for example most of the offenders in the United State prison are drug cases, these sentences must be considered and most of the drug offenders should be put in rehabilitation centers instead of putting them in prison. According...

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Prison Ineffectiveness

Do prisons deter crime? Considering the recidivism rate, the percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested for a similar offense, of the United States, no, prisons do not deter crime. The recidivism rate of prisoners in the US is 60%, one of the highest rates in the world. Prisons take criminals off the street, but fail to cure their need to commit crimes. Prisons, in a sense, add fuel to the fire. I believe prisoners leave prison in a worse state of mind than they were before they were...

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Jails and prisons

 Jails and Prisons Jails and Prisons The United States has an every growing criminal population. The two main ways to house criminals is jails, and state prisons. The San Diego Central Jail is the primary jail for San Diego county and houses more than 900 inmates on a daily bases. The Donovan Correctional Facility houses more than 3,666 inmates at one time because of an increase in its original population limit; however, that also shows the need for more prisons and housing facilities...

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Prison Overcrowding

“Overcrowding in Americas Prison System” ABSTRACT In the early years of this country flogging, exile, branding, and the “stocks” were some of the ways used to punish a guilty offender. Today, though, these types of punishments would quickly be labeled as cruel and unusual forms of retribution. Since we can no longer utilize such forms of punishment, the criminal justice system has turned to; imprisonment, probation, fines, and even the death penalty to help and deter offenders from a life of...

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Prison Environment

 Prison environment and its impact on male and female inmates Name of writer Name of institution Impact of prison environment on Male inmates There are different kinds of impacts of prison environment male inmates. It mainly depends on the psychological and social background of male inmates. Male inmates are brought in prison with a different criminal background such as murder offender, theft, robbery and some other serious crimes. Male inmates experience a severe emotional and psychological...

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Prison Overcrowding

Prison Overcrowding Nicole Neal American Intercontinental University Abstract This research paper is to explore the impact of prison overcrowding. The United States has a, what seems to be everlasting, prison overcrowding problem. Not only does the United States have this dilemma, but also many other countries have overcrowded prisons as well. Many issues need to be addressed; ways to reduce the prison populations and how to effectively reduce prison cost without...

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Prison overcrowding

California Prison Overcrowding December 16th, 2013 Prison Overcrowding in California Alarming issues that causes society to stir up continue to expand every day. Some of these issuesinclude the educational system, existing healthcare laws, unemployment and economic matters,and the water crisis… all of which are major problems in California. One major problem, however, is often ignored. Over the past two to three decades, California’s prison population has grown by 750 percent...

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Alternatives to Prison

Prisons, facilities maintained for confining people convicted of committing crimes, were used to rehabilitate offenders while keeping them isolated from the community. The Quakers built the first prison in 1790 in order to seclude criminal offenders from society to think about their wrongdoing and to seek forgiveness in a kind, and spiritual environment. (Inciardi 497) Currently, there are three types of prisons within the Federal, State, and County governments. These are categorized by the...

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Women in Prison

of domestic violence. Thirty-two percent of women in prison about 4,000 women are serving sentences for murder was convicted of killing a husband, ex-boyfriend or boyfriend. Six percent of women are pregnant when they enter prison. In almost all cases, the woman is abruptly separated from her child after giving birth. When women go to prison, it takes a devastating toll on the family. Sixty-seven percent of women incarcerated in state prisons are mothers of children under 18 years of age. Seventy...

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Prison Overcrowding

Prison Overcrowding Nicole Galarza Student DeVry University Abstract Prison recidivism continually grows in the United States, resulting in prison overcrowding. The government struggles to find ways to address the conditions in prisons, researcher have begun to look at alternatives to placing offenders in the system. These alternatives can result in lowering crime rate, recidivism and the overall prison population. The numbers of people in the United States that have spent time in prison causes...

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Life in Prison

Life in Prison Willie Lee Clark University of Phoenix Institutional and Community Corrections CJA383 Sherri Webster April 25, 2011 Life in Prison Prison life in most society is not considered a life worth mentioning. When a person decides to break the law and take up a life of crime, he or she should be aware of certain circumstances that lie ahead. When individuals break the law in our society, the pathway to a life in jail or prison is almost certain. Life simple freedom that most...

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Jails and Prisons

Jails and Prisons Nicholas Davis CJA/204 - INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE University of Phoenix Christopher Cannon May 13, 2013 Jails and Prisons Have you ever sat back and thought about what prison or jail is like? Is it just like in the movies or do inmates really not get that much free time? What is the difference between prison and jail? When talking about different kinds of prisons and the level at which they are labeled the three that come to mind are minimum, medium, and high...

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Changes in Prisons

 Changes in Prison The American Correction system has been in existence for over 130 years. It has been since the meeting of American Prison Congress on 1870 in Cincinnati, Ohio. (Allen, Latessa & Ponder, 2013, p 30-31) The reformation was totally encompassing the inmate’s life in prison. The minds that met in 1870 were ahead of their times. With having put accountability and standards in the prison system created an improvement for the prisoner and the term he/she served. The...

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Prison Overcrowding

Prison Overcrowding Sherita Bowens American Intercontinental University April 24, 2010 Abstract Prison overcrowding is one of the many different problems throughout the world that law enforcement faces. Prison overcrowding not only affects those in law enforcement, it also affects the taxpayers in the community as well. The problem of overcrowded prisons is being handled in many different ways. Some of these ways have been proven to be sufficient and successful while others have not been...

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The Purpose of Prison

The Purpose of Prison Robert Lingo CRJ 303 Bridget Lott March 2nd, 2012 The Purpose of Prison Not everyone is model citizens within a society. Individuals cheat people out of money, murder, rob, and rape others within society. When people commit crime against others and not stay within the law they must be punished. This research paper will discuss the purposes for prisons, and analyze conditions of prison. There are programs in prison and out of prison to try to reduce an individual from...

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Prison Overcrowding

Prison Overcrowding Prison overcrowding is a problem largely attributed to the increase of drug convictions. Decades of tough-on-crime laws coupled with minimal financing for treatment programs have left prisons overcrowded and under funded. With the advent of crack cocaine and the response of a scared nation President Ronald Reagan declared a war on drugs in 1982 (Clear, Cole, & Reisig, 2009). In 1987 congress implemented mandatory minimum sentencing effectively increasing the time...

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Jails and Prison

English jails and prisons: it allowed sanitary and secure structure to be built, allowed for systematic inspections to be made on the detainees, allowed for the abolition of fees charged to the inmates and created a reformatory regime, and it also detailed that inmates were to be fed proper diet. Our jail systems are a short time confinement. Where the inmates are awaiting trial, and sentencing. It is often run by sheriffs or local government officials. As to where our prisons are operated by federal...

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Supermax Prisons

Supermax Prisons and Their Adverse Effects Introduction Due to increasing crime rates and the extensive belief that rehabilitative programs for inmates do not work, a new and harsher method for prisons is being utilized. Instead of scattering the worst criminals, they are being consolidated into Supermax prisons. Supermax prisons are state of the art penitentiaries meant to hold only the worst of the worst criminals and inmates that cannot be trusted in regular prisons. There are strict regulations...

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Prison and Rehabilitation

behavior to accept the programs. Rehabilitation comes from inside a person. The person must want to change his behavior and make use of the programs available to them. Intentions of rehabilitation Rehabilitation is specific programs applied within a prison setting intended to bring about the end of criminal behavior called desistance, meaning to cease or stop. It is supposed to be a simple formula: prisoner classification X appropriate programming X positive participation = probability of desistance...

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Prison Reform

Prison Reform Rehabilitation Process CJA/334 July 13, 2013 Prison Reform Prison Reform is presented through the penal system in an effort to improve prisons, provided not only but also punishment rehabilitative efforts as well. Rehabilitation is one of the philosophical reasons for sentencing. The general area that will be studied within prison reform is its rehabilitation process. We will study the rehabilitation process as it pertains to both male and female. This study will also show...

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Contraband in Prison

comes to prisons, anything that can’t be bought in the commissary or that isn’t given to them when they get to prison is contraband. Contraband is a major issue behind the walls and can be anything from a “homemade” shank by the inmate, or drugs or weapons smuggled into the prison from various ways. Not only is different types of contraband in the prison a threat to the inmates lives, but also a threat to the officers on duty and other staff members. Some issues with contraband in a prison are: how...

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Life in Prison

Life in Prison CJA383 November 7, 2010 Life in Prison Life in prison is difficult to understand for those who have not experienced this kind of life. This paper will discuss the how my understanding of prison life has changed since reading the assigned materials. Change in Understanding of Prison Life My understanding of prison life since reading the course’s assigned readings and ERR articles has changed, to the extent that I originally viewed some prisons to be more of a vacation spot...

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Life in Prison

Life in Prison Talonya D Brewer CJA/383 Richard Gilbert University of Phoenix September 21, 2010 Introduction When an individual is introduced to the prison life, after violating rules and regulations, he or she must come to terms about the journey he or she are about to take behind bars in prison. No one can save them, or do his or her time for them, and majority of his...

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Private Prisons

Oct. 18, 2001 Thesis Private prisons can be a profitable and secure alternative to government run Statement prisons. Private prisons are able to be profitable by controlling the administrational cost of operating the facilities. At the same time, they must adhere to high governmental standards to maintain the right to operate. Background As a nation, we have many issues that we must face. One of those issues is the administration of the, already overcrowded, prison system. This issue is one of the...

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Overcrowded Prisons

Prof. Taylor Engl. 101 23 Oct. 2011 Economy Issues? Overcrowded Prisons Prisons throughout the U.S have been overcrowded with inmates who cause a problem for the system itself and the general population. This causes a problem for the reason that it is expensive when prisons are overcrowded and minor crimes like possession of small amounts of marijuana by offenders gets them sent to jail instead of going to rehab. That means the system has to provide alternative jail cells for inmates to stay...

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Jails and Prisons

 Jail and Prison One of the key cornerstones of the criminal justice system is the correctional system, specifically the correctional facilities. Prisons and jails are examples of correctional facilities that help keep the criminal justice system running smoothly and efficiently. Without these facilities, there would be no place for criminals to serve their sentences, and no one would really be safe. Although prison and jail seem to be interchangeable words, they actually mean two different...

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Overcrowding of Prisons

overcrowding of prisons. To have prisons overcrowded it takes more tax payers dollars to support each inmate, and with the economic crisis were in today we need some change. The average prisoner takes thirty thousand dollars a year to be imprisoned, and it’s even more for inmates on death row. A death row inmate takes an average of one hundred thousand dollars a year of tax payer’s money, and could be on death row for many years. The prisons are so overcrowded that the budget of the prisons has grown...

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Prison Education

Prison Education Commentary (Donovan Green image taken from National Geographic website) The day has finally come, standing there in his blue cap and gown, Donovan Green waits patiently to walk into the room where his graduation ceremony will take place. His daughter who he has not seen for over ten years is in attendance and he is full of joy. He has finally achieved something good in his life and with his new confidence he is determined to turn his life around. He has hopes and dreams of being...

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Prison Reform

Prison Reform Catherine Johns Axia College of University of Phoenix Most people who enter prison are lost. They have no direction in their life. They cannot find structure, so they turn to crime. They need help but they do not know where to turn. Think of how our world might be if there were better programs focused on reforming out prisoners while they are serving their time. The prison recidivism rate would decrease. Crime rates would lessen over time. Prisoners will have the opportunity...

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Supermax Prisons

Abstract Maximum-security prisons are known to be designed and organized to prevent escapes and violence and to deter prisoners from harming one another including the correctional officers. Super-max facilities imposes strict limitations on the freedom of inmates and visitors. These prisons, usually an imposing edifice are prisons surrounded by high stone walls studded with guard towers. The purpose of these type of facilities is custody and discipline, it embraces military-style approach to order...

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The Legitimacy of Prisons

From coast to coast in America, prisons have become a growing concern; the concern being how well prisons actually work. Over time, the amount of people being caged in our country is increasing. Right now there are approximately seven hundred fourteen out of one hundred thousand people that are imprisoned. Some may argue that prisons keep the criminals off the streets, but did they happen to think that prison is actually teaching them to become a better criminal and hardening their hearts to make...

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Prison Overcrowding

Abstract This paper will discuss prison overcrowding and what type of numbers have come about over the years when it comes to inmates being imprisoned. It will discuss the cost of a prisoner annually as well as the decision to add verses build when it comes to new facilities. The overcrowding in one particular prison will be touched on as well as whose responsibility it is for upkeep. It will discuss how funding plays a role in overcrowding as well as the “three strikes” rule in California and...

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Language in Prison

A community that has a very unique language is prison. Prison inmates use a language called argot, which does not make sense to the average person, but is very necessary to inmates and guards. Argot is the more scientific term for criminal jargon or prison slang but it is used mainly to communicate between criminals and to create a barrier to keep others from understanding the criminal cultures (Bondeson 1988). Other languages are used in prisons, for instance prisoners from other countries have...

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Education in Prison

education in the prison system today. No one seems to care or support prisoners in the challenging process it takes to change their lives. County jails do not offer education programs, and in prison facilities there are many limitations and restrictions that make receiving the sub-par education that they offer a challenge to receive. An evaluation needs to take place to determine the crux of education limitations are in prison. There are many people who have been to prison or who have family...

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Prison Models

Prison Models There are three models of prisons that have been prominent in American since the early 1940’s: custodial, rehabilitative, and reintegration. Each model is designed differently based on its overriding goal, and this affects the physical design, policies, and programs that are implemented within each of the models. Custodial Model Archaic Purpose: Control, focus is on maintaining security and order. Goal: Punishment, this is the best way to provide deterrence against...

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Prison and Jails

Jails and Prisons Tammy Johnson CRJ303: Corrections Professor Jeffrey Cudworth January 7, 2013 Jails and Prisons Jails and prisons are both types of sanctions that are used for convicted offenders that have committed crimes, but there are many differences in the two. “Jails are locally operated short- term confinement facilities originally built to hold suspects following arrest and pending trail. Today’s jails also serve these purposes: * They receive individuals pending arraignment...

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Prison and Recidivism

behaviors of inmates and improve their likelihood of becoming law-abiding citizens. It focus is on preventing future crimes and return someone to a prior state. An offender who completes their criminal punishment (i.e. sentence to X amount of years in prison, rehabilitation, etc…) and continue to commit crimes, committed Recidivism. Correctional officials try to reduce recidivism and rehabilitation in many ways. First, correctional programs aim at trying to reduce offenders’ motivation to commit further...

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Prison Overcrowding

For decades now, prison overcrowding has become a problem all over the United States. Because of this overcrowding, many individuals are let out of prison before their sentence is complete which poses a threat to the community and society as a whole. However, while that is valid, the real threat is directly to those who are released before they are fully prepared to become functioning members of society once again and who will ultimately end up back in prison because of this. There are many universal...

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Inmates and Prisons

Gregory Inmates and Prisons Paper Week 4 -CJAD 320-E1WW February 2, 2013 Imprisoning drug offenders may resonate with some who think prison is the only way to make their communities safer, at least while they are incarcerated. Yet, the overwhelming majority of drug prisoners will come back out eventually to rejoin society, many within just a few years or even months. Most drug prisoners will return to the community after a couple of years away, and will then return to prison because we have not...

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Prisons and Jails

Jails and Prisons Kassi Crum CJA/234 June 18, 2013 Rodney Christiansen Jails and Prisons The earliest days of operating jails, which were more commonly known as “gaols,” consisted solely as detaining offenders who were waiting to be tried. The first was ordered to be built in 1166 by King Henry II. Vagrancy, meaning to have no real permanent home to live and just wandering from location to location was an increasing issue between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries....

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Prisons and Punishment

an offender is high. With western regions like the US, UK and Australia experiencing consistent rising imprisonment rates and the limited availability of public resources, efficient use of prison and criminal justice resources is imperative (Marsh, Fox & Hedderman, 2009). A cost benefit analysis (CBA) of prisons essentially measures how effective and efficient certain criminal justice interventions are. Marsh et al. (2009, p. 146) states that this measurement is done by assessing an intervention where...

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Prisons and Jails

Prisons and Jails Final Essay Teketta Fleming Kaplan University CJ101-04 Professor McCauley 12-14-2010 How Does Our Correctional System Punish Offenders? The government has imposed punishment as a means to control crime. There are four key justifications for punishing criminals: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, and rehabilitation (Seiter, R.P., 2005). These four justifications serve as the goals of the United States correctional system. The other side of retribution can be simply...

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Rehabilitation in Prison

Rehabilitation in Prison By Christopher Hall CJA 23 November 11, 2011 Instructor: William Dudley Prison rehabilitation...

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Prisons and Jails

Prisons and Jails Jordyn Elby CJA/204 University of Phoenix Abstract The criminal justice system in itself is wide and covers many aspects. The most important part of those aspects is the jails and prisons around the nation. These are the places that are going to separate those who offend away from the community and keep our community overall pretty safe. Even though there is a funnel system within the criminal justice system, it should be noted that jails and prisons...

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Prison System

Prison inmates, are some of the most "maladjusted" people in society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very insecure and are "at war with themselves as well as with society" (Szumski 20). Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. Also, when most lawbreakers are labeled criminals they enter the phase of secondary deviance. They will admit they are criminals or believe it when they...

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Alcatraz Prison

every now and then, that luxury would be taken away. If you like to sit around and watch TV for hours, you can forget about that too. Logical Orientation: Alcatraz has a long history of transformation as to how it came to be known as the inescapable prison island. This reputation did not stop a handful of men to try and do the impossible and escape the island. BODY I. Main Point: Alcatraz has a long history A. Before Alcatraz became the tourist attraction it is today, it was speculated that the Native...

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Diversity in Prison

Diversity in Prison The late twentieth century is seeing a rise in racial conflict in the United States as well as on the universal stage in a broad-spectrum (Phillips & Bowling, 2002). Statistics indicate that racial/ethnic minorities, particularly black males, face a disproportionately high risk of incarceration in the United States. This determination is made by assessing the negative impact that incarceration can have on individuals, their communities, and the integration of minorities into...

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Prison Rentry

initiatives combined with training for work, counseling, and help with housing can reduce the rate of returning inmates. “According to the BJS, the average per prisoner cost of incarceration in state prison in 2001 was $62 per day, or $22,650 per year and costs for those incarcerated in federal prison was similar. Overall, the states spent $38 billion on their correctional systems in 2001, the most recent year for which data are available” (Nunez, B. (2008)). With these statics and costs we can see...

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Public or Privatized Prison Systems

Public or Privatized Prison Systems Phillip Ishee American InterContinental University Abstract This assignment will discuss two arguments that the public sector prisons can make to keep prisons in the public’s hands, while also discussing two arguments the private sector can make to get the prisons in their hands. This assignment will also discuss any legal issues of privatizing prisons and the challenges both private and public prisons face. During the course of a prison and its lifetime...

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American Prison System

American Prison Systems Introduction In many countries national prisons are operated and supplemented by provinces and state counterparts. Prisoners are held in prisons and jails throughout the country and globally convicted of various crimes and offenses. The nature of the offense determines where the prisoner is held and the lengths of times. There are institutions that vary in level of security in both the state and federal prison system. However, the majority of prisoners are...

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Jail and Prisons Comparison

ail and prisons Jail and Prisons Comparison Kristofer Kem CJA/234 October 18, 2012 Luis Cintron Jail and Prisons Comparison Most people do not realize that there are differences between jails and prisons. Jails hold people awaiting trial or people that are sentenced for a short term, which is usually less than a year. That is jails place in corrections. Prisons hold people that are convicted of crimes and sentenced for a longer term. In the United States, jails are most often run by sheriffs...

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Drugs Within the Prison System

Drugs within the Prison System Socorro Pardo DeVry University Professor Wells October 12, 2012 Drugs in the prison system have been a problem for corrections personnel for many years. The problems with drugs in prison are different in many parts of the country but the question remains to be how the drugs get into the correctional facilities. The breakdown of the use and abuse of illicit drugs within the prison systems is being based on a worldwide issue. The issue with drugs in...

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Prison Comparison Contrast Paper

Running head: PRISON COMPARISON CONTRAST PAPER Prison Comparison Contrast Paper Kelvin Hunter University of Phoenix Introduction to Corrections CJA/234 Ms. Johnson January 26, 2011 Prison Comparison Contrast Paper The American prison systems have changed since the 1800s. There are new developments and advanced technologies that help contribute to a better prison/penitentiary system as well as run it effectively. The subject of this will define and examine the theory and ideal of a...

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Prison Overcrowding in California

Prison Overcrowding in California Jeffrey Shaw CJA/564 Josette Ford May 6, 2013 The California prisons have been crowded for decades. This cannot continue to go on. One of the reasons that the prisons are overcrowded is because of the types and lengths of sentences. Other reasons why the prisons are overcrowded is because many of the prisoners are there on non-violent crimes. Also many of the sentences are for smaller crimes. The one recent event that is dealing with this problem is release...

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Does prison work

you… Does Prison Work? The aim of this essay is to analyse and discuss the prison system in England and Wales to determine whether or not the current prison system works. The work of Joyce (2006) suggests that there are five objectives that are analysed when looking to see if prisons work, these are punishment, reform, incapacitation, deterrence and denunciation. However due to the limited word count this essay will only look at three key factors of prisons including punishment, rehabilitation...

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Benefits of Reducing Prison Overcrowding

reducing the overcrowding of prisons with help the inmates, employees, as well as the citizens of the state. It will show that crime within the prison walls will go down, the stress of the inmates and employees will reduce, as well as showing that we can save taxpayers millions of dollars a year. Lastly, this paper will look at programs that the inmates can be sentenced to for minor petty crimes that they are incarcerated for. As a result of all of this the overcrowding of prisons may come to a halt and...

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