An approach is a perspective/view that involves certain assumptions like beliefs, about human behaviour, the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study. Each perspective has its strengths and weaknesses, and brings something different to our understanding of human behaviour. For this reasons, it is important that psychology does have different perspectives to the understanding and study of human and animal behaviour. Behaviourist’s Perspective
Behaviourism is different from most other approaches because they view people (and animals) as controlled by their environment and specifically that we are the result of what we have learned from our environment. Behaviourism is concerned with how environmental factors called the stimuli affect observable behaviour called the response. The behaviourist approach proposes two main processes whereby people learn from their environment: namely classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning involves learning by association, and operant conditioning involves learning from the consequences of behaviour. Behaviourism also promoted controlled experiments, and that only observable behaviour should be studies because this can be objectively measured. Behaviourism rejects the idea that people have free will, and believes that the environment determines all behaviour. Psychodynamic Perspective
Freud believes that events in our childhood can have a significant impact on our behaviour as adults. He also believed that people have little free will to make choices in life. Instead our behaviour is determined by the unconscious mind and childhood experiences. Freud’s psychoanalysis is both a theory and a therapy. It is the original psychodynamic theory and inspired psychologists such as Jung and Erikson to develop their own psychodynamic theories. Freud’s work is vast and he has contributed...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document