Theories and principles for planning and enabling learning
In this assignment I am aiming to explain three different theories of learning (behaviourism, cognitivism and humanism) and how they contribute to the motivation, experience and aspirations of learners.
Behaviourism
Behaviourists have a clear definition that we learn in response to external stimuli. Anything from a sweet smell to the layout of classroom, the clothes someone is wearing. They reject the thinking of psychologists who are mainly concerned with introspection. Which is the examination of a person’s conscious thoughts and feeling.
There are a number of Behaviourists The first one I am going to talk about is probably the most well know behaviourist Pavlov (1849-1936). He is well known for his work with dogs. It started with research into the digestive system of dogs. Pavlov found that the dogs started to salivate at the mere sight of the food bowl. Pavlov then carried out an experiment using a bell with the dogs. Pavlov trained the dogs to salivate at the sound of the bell.
Pavlov describes this as classic conditioning of behaviour and learning though association. The conditioning became so good that the dogs were turning up before the bell was even rung. In response to this conditioning Pavlov found that reinforcement had to be introduced to get the repeated affect. This was called operant conditioning. When the behaviour happened if it was positive then it is reinforced with love. When it was undesired it is ignored or punished.
Following Pavlov was a gentleman called E.L. Thorndlike (1874-1949).Thorndlike developed and continued on Pavlov work developing more experiments to help deeper understand behaviourism. Thorndlike used kittens in his experiments. Thorndlike placed the Kitten a box and a piece of fish outside of the box. At the first attempt the kittens were unsuccessfully at releasing the catch to open the door. As the experiment was repeated the kittens got quicker and quicker at



References: http://teacherstoolbox.co.uk/T_Dweck.html www.simplephysiogly.com www.hvlc.org.uk/ace/aifl/docs/c1/reading_notes_on_self-theories.pdf

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