Topics: Pork barrel, Government spending, Legislators Pages: 20 (4054 words) Published: September 17, 2014

Thesis : The recent scandal of government officials allegedly channelling their pork barrel funds to fake non-governmental organizations with nothing but ghost projects to show for has yet again raised the issue of abolishing the pork barrel.

I. Introduction to Pork Barrel
A. Definition of Terms
B. PDAF in the Philippines
C. Importance of PDAF

II. PDAF scam
A. People involved
B. Reactions and Protests

III. Abolishment of Pork Barrel
A. Benefits
B. Consequences
C. Alternatives
D. Opinions about the issue
E. What the government will do after abolishing the Pork Barrel

IV. Conclusion 
V. Recommendation
I. Introduction to Pork Barrel
A cure, a treat, an alliance, a devastation or just a play. What do we really know about that so called Pork Barrel?

A. Definition of Terms
The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) is a discretionary fund in the Philippines available to members of Congress. Originally established as the Countrywide Development Fund (CDF) in 1990, it is designed to allow legislators to fund small-scale infrastructure or community projects which fell outside the scope of the national infrastructure program, which was often restricted to large infrastructure items (Nograles and Lagman ). The PDAF is commonly called the "pork barrel", and has been the subject of much public criticism following exposés on abuses perpetuated by members of Congress on use of the fund in 1996 and 2013. According to the Random House Dictionary, Pork barrel is the  “government appropriation, bill, or policy that supplies funds for local improvements designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents”. Wikipedia defines pork barrel politics as “spending which is intended to benefit constituents of a politician in return for their political support, either in the form of campaign contributions or votes”. In the popular 1863 story "The Children of the Public", Edward Everett Hale used the term pork barrel as a homely metaphor for any form of public spending to the citizenry. After the American Civil War, however, the term came to be used in a derogatory sense. By the 1870s, references to "pork" were common in Congress, and the term was further popularized by a 1919 article by Chester Collins Maxey in the National Municipal Review, which reported on certain legislative acts known to members of Congress as "pork barrel bills". He claimed that the phrase originated in a pre-Civil War practice of giving slaves a barrel of salt pork as a reward and requiring them to compete among themselves to get their share of the handout (691). More generally, a barrel of salt pork was a common larder item in 19th century households, and could be used as a measure of the family's financial well-being. For example, in his 1845 novel The Chainbearer, James Fenimore Cooper wrote, "I hold a family to be in a desperate way, when the mother can see the bottom of the pork barrel." Typically, "pork" involves funding for government programs whose economic or service benefits are concentrated in a particular area but whose costs are spread among all taxpayers. Public works projects, certain national defense spending projects, and agricultural subsidies are the most commonly cited examples. Citizens Against Government Waste outlines seven criteria by which spending can be classified as "pork": 1. Requested by only one chamber of Congress

2. Not specifically authorized
3. Not competitively awarded
4. Not requested by the President
5. Greatly exceeds the President’s budget request or the previous year’s funding 6. Not the subject of Congressional hearings
7. Serves only a local or special interest.
In other countries, the practice is often called patronage, but this word does not always imply corrupt or undesirable conduct.

B. PDAF in the Philippines
The pork barrel funds account for a little over 1 percent...

Cited: "Citizens Against Government Waste:". Cagw.org. 2006.
"pork barrel." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 07 Mar. 2014. .
After PDAF: What the government will do after abolishing the Pork Barrel (infographic). 2013. Photograph. The Official Gazette, Philippines. Web. 8 Mar 2014.
Bacani , Louis. "Infrographic: Meet the new system after pork barrel 'abolition '." Philippine Star [MANILA, Philippines] 26 August 2013, n. pag. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.
Bahala, Aubrey. "The falling out of what’s left of our trust."Solitary Ventures. N.p., 6 Sep 2013. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.
Bediones, Paolo (July 16, 2013). "Paano nangyari ang P10B 'PDAF scam '?" (in Filipino). Good Morning Club.TV5.
Carcamo, Dennis (18 September 2013). "Groups gear up for big anti-pork barrel rally". The Philippine Star.
Carvajal, Nancy C. (July 12, 2013). "NBI probes P10-B scam". Philippine Daily Inquirer (Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inc.).
De Jesus, Julliane Love (11 September 2013). "‘EDSA Tayo’ rally declared a ‘success’". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
Diaz, Jess
Diaz, Juan. "Benefits from abolishing pork." Philippine Daily Inquirer 26 August 2013, n. pag. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.
Guidaben, Agatha. "A buffet of pork: P25 billion at lawmakers." GMA News Online 17 July 2012, Special Reports n. pag. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.
Maxey, Chester Collins. National Municipal Review; "A Little History of Pork". National Municipal League. (1919): 691. et seq.
Ordinario, Cai. "Economists have mixed views on the abolition of PDAF." Business Mirror 26 August 2013, News n. pag. Web. 8 Mar. 2014.
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