Running head: POLICING
January 23, 2012
This essay exams the concept of problem-oriented policing and its past, present, and future implications according to Herman Goldstein. This essay will also discuss administrative and operational considerations of problem-oriented policing in relation to functions of patrol, crime investigation, emergency or critical incident response, and future trends. Policing Paper
Throughout history, the effectiveness of policing has been questionable. Research shows there is no one strategy to improve the effectiveness of policing. Professionals in the areas of criminal justice introduced many concepts to improve policing.
Herman Goldstein’s approach to policing represents a proactive approach to policing, rather than a reactive approach to policing. Policing is more than just a response to 911 calls, policing involves problem solving to identify recurring problems and developing strategies to reduce and eliminate recurring problems (Walker & Katz, 2011). Roots of Problem-Oriented Policing
In 1979, Herman Goldstein developed a new approach to policing called problem-oriented policing. The role and duties of a police officer during this time involved crime, maintaining order, and providing service to society. Each category has its own specific problems. Crime, a category of its own, includes drinking and driving, murder, burglary, among others. Disorder includes public drunkenness, domestic conflicts, and mental health issues. Goldstein argued that police departments should take the categories, split up the categories, and establishes specific responses to each broken down category.
Goldstein had a couple arguments about the traditional methods of policing. Goldstein argued that the Uniform Crime Reports grouped all crimes together, which make it difficult to get to the underlying problem for each specific crime. Goldstein argued that policing would...
References: Braga, A. A. (2010, February). Setting a higher standard for the evaluation of problem-oriented policing initiatives. Criminology & Public Policy, 9(1), 173-182. Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text.
Center for problem-oriented policing. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=sara
Peak, K. (2010). Justice administration: Police, courts, and corrections management. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice-Hall
Walker, S., & Katz, C. M. (2011). The police in America: An introduction (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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