Police History

Topics: Police, Law enforcement agency, Robert Peel Pages: 6 (1212 words) Published: July 20, 2015


Police History
Tracy Doubledee
CJS/241
July 13, 2015
Kenneth Jones
Police History
Law enforcement has come a long way since it was first started. Just like anything else it required a lot of trial and error. Many of the principles and practices that began the foundation of our law enforcement are still very much a part of law enforcement official’s everyday life. How did law enforcement come about and what ups and downs has it had? Law enforcement had to overcome many hurdles to get where they are today. Police through the ages

Policing started in the Colonial America in the 1630's; it was something that all people took part in, and there was no pay involved at all. People of the community handled watching everyone and their behaviors. Crime started to increase and at this time towns started to form and the southern colonies began developing a system of circuit sheriff. In the 1840's in Metropolitan America, the focus shifted to crime prevention rather than detection and punishment. At this time, it was also determined that police officers should wear a uniform, and they also started paying police officers. There was a police officer available twenty-four hours a day. At this point in history, crime was out of hand and very difficult to control. The high influx of crimes made it essential to have more active and effective policing efforts. In the 1840's in Frontier America violent crimes escalated and there was no law to fall back on. United States Marshalls in Frontier America only enforced federal laws, and they were publically appointed without pay. Professionalism in the 1920's on the actual law enforcement and controlling the crime. At this point and time, the police started to be divided into specialized groups such as juvenile units and drug units. The police force started to utilize skills such as science to improve investigations. Vollmer was a key player in the 1920's who helped my huge advance such as utilizing red lights on the vehicles, starting police schools, used intelligence tests to screen applicants, and even the first form of a communication device in the police cars. Wilson put police in cars on the road to patrol the streets in the 1920's, and Wickersham Commission started the war on crime and recommended they start using policewoman. The next big movement for our law enforcement is Community Orientated Policing and Problem Solving (COPPS). This movement put police in our community's and allowed them to interact with the public face to face. COPPS started programs like D.A.R.E. All of these pieces in history help to shape the law enforcement we have today. There were some stumbling blocks, but ultimately police have preserved and have improved greatly (University of Phoenix, 2011). Sir Robert Peel

Sir Robert Peel made his first big splash on law enforcement in 1829 when he convinced the British Parliament to create the London Metro Police. Most of the basic ideas that Sir Robert Peel thought of and enacted are still used today. Sir Peel came up with nine principals for the police to follow. The nine principles are: “the basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder, the ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions, Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public, the degree of co-operation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force, Police seek and preserve public favour not by catering to public opinion but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to the law, police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient, police, at all times, should maintain a relationship with the public that gives...

References: A History of the Nine Principles of Policing. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.magnacartaplus.org/briefings/nine_police_principles.htm
The American System of Policing. (2015). Retrieved from http://law.jrank.org/pages/1668/Police-Organization-Management-American-system-policing.html
University of Phoenix. (2011). CJ Interactive Multimedia. Retrieved from http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pcp_94869_mutchnick_cj_uop/learning_modules/chapter5/5.1historyandprofessionalismofpolice/index.html
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